noun (1)

less common spelling of gauge

1a : a measurement (as of linear dimension) according to some standard or system: such as
(1) : the distance between the rails of a railroad
(2) : the size of a shotgun barrel's inner diameter nominally expressed as the number of lead balls each just fitting that diameter required to make a pound a 12-gauge shotgun
(3) : the thickness of a thin material (such as sheet metal or plastic film)
(4) : the diameter of a slender object (such as wire or a hypodermic needle)
(5) : the fineness of a knitted fabric expressed by the number of loops per unit width
c : measure sense 1 surveys are a gauge of public sentiment
2 : an instrument for or a means of measuring or testing: such as
a : an instrument for measuring a dimension or for testing mechanical accuracy
b : an instrument with a graduated (see graduate entry 1 sense transitive 2a) scale or dial for measuring or indicating quantity
3 : relative position of a ship with reference to another ship and the wind
4 : a function introduced into a field equation to produce a convenient form of the equation but having no observable physical consequences


noun (2)
\ ˈgāj How to pronounce gage (audio) \

Definition of gage (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a token of defiance specifically : a glove or cap cast on the ground to be taken up by an opponent as a pledge of combat
2 : something deposited as a pledge of performance


gaged; gaging; gages

Definition of gage (Entry 3 of 4)

transitive verb

1 archaic : pledge
2 archaic : stake, risk


noun (3)

Definition of gage (Entry 4 of 4)

Synonyms for gage

Synonyms: Noun (2)

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First Known Use of gage

Noun (2)

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun (3)

1847, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for gage

Noun (2)

Middle English, "pledge, formal pledge of a person's appearance to do battle," borrowed from Anglo-French — more at wage entry 1


borrowed from Anglo-French gager "to offer surety, give as a pledge," derivative of gage "pledge, gage entry 2"

Noun (3)

by shortening

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Time Traveler for gage

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The first known use of gage was in the 14th century

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Cite this Entry

“Gage.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 2 Oct. 2022.

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Kids Definition of gage

variant of gauge


Medical Definition of gage

variant of gauge

Gage biographical name

\ ˈgāj How to pronounce Gage (audio) \

Definition of Gage

Thomas 1721–1787 British general and colonial governor in America

More from Merriam-Webster on gage

Nglish: Translation of gage for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of gage for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about gage


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