1

gage

play
noun \ˈgāj\

Definition of gage

  1. 1 :  a token of defiance; specifically :  a glove or cap cast on the ground to be taken up by an opponent as a pledge of combat

  2. 2 :  something deposited as a pledge of performance

gage vs. gauge

There are two gages: one refers to pledges or securities and is no longer in common general use, and the other is a variant spelling of gauge, which in the noun form refers broadly to measurement (“fine-gauge wire”) or a standard by which something is measured (“polls are a good gauge of how voters might vote”). The earliest evidence we have for the noun gauge goes back to the 15th century, when English spelling was not yet standardized, and the word in question was spelled gauge and gage with roughly equal frequency. Gauge began to be preferred in the late 19th century for most general uses. Some claim that gage appears as a variant more frequently in the U.S., though our evidence shows that the vast majority of uses for gage are from specialized and technical industries, such as mechanical engineering, manufacturing, and electronics, and that these uses of gage are global, not limited to the U.S. Nonetheless, total use of the word gage is small when compared to the total use of the word gauge.

The verb gauge, which refers to measuring or estimating, also has a variant gage. This variant appears to show up primarily in informal sources, though not often. Gauge is by far the preferred spelling in general usage for both the noun and the verb; we encourage you use it.

Origin and Etymology of gage

Middle English, pledge, reward, from Anglo-French — more at wage


First Known Use: 14th century


2

gage

verb

Definition of gage

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 archaic :  pledge

  3. 2 archaic :  stake, risk

15th Century

First Known Use of gage

15th century


3

gage

noun

variant of

  1. 1 a :  a measurement (as of linear dimension) according to some standard or system: as (1) :  the distance between the rails of a railroad (2) :  the size of a shotgun barrel's inner diameter nominally expressed as the number of lead balls each just fitting that diameter required to make a pound <a 12-gauge shotgun> (3) :  the thickness of a thin material (as sheet metal or plastic film) (4) :  the diameter of a slender object (as wire or a hypodermic needle) (5) :  the fineness of a knitted fabric expressed by the number of loops per unit width b :  dimensions, size c :  measure 1 <surveys are a gauge of public sentiment>

  2. 2 :  an instrument for or a means of measuring or testing: as a :  an instrument for measuring a dimension or for testing mechanical accuracy b :  an instrument with a graduated scale or dial for measuring or indicating quantity

  3. 3 :  relative position of a ship with reference to another ship and the wind

  4. 4 :  a function introduced into a field equation to produce a convenient form of the equation but having no observable physical consequences


4

gage

noun

Definition of gage

1847

First Known Use of gage

1847

Other Seed Plant Terms


Gage

play
biographical name \ˈgāj\

Definition of Gage

  1. Thomas 1721–1787 British gen. & colonial gov. in America


GAGE Defined for Kids

gage

play

Definition of gage for Students

  1. variant of gauge


Medical Dictionary

gage

Medical Definition of gage

variant of gauge


Seen and Heard

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