excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses How to pronounce excess (audio) , ˈek-ˌses How to pronounce excess (audio) \

Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the state or an instance of surpassing usual, proper, or specified limits : superfluity
b : the amount or degree by which one thing or quantity exceeds another an excess of 10 bushels
2 : undue or immoderate indulgence : intemperance also : an act or instance of intemperance prevent excesses and abuses by newly created local powers — Albert Shanker
in excess of
: to an amount or degree beyond : over

excess

adjective

Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 3)

: more than the usual, proper, or specified amount

excess

verb
excessed; excessing; excesses

Definition of excess (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to eliminate the position of excessed several teachers because of budget cutbacks

Keep scrolling for more

Examples of excess in a Sentence

Noun They were equipped with an excess of provisions. The tests found an excess of sodium in his blood. He lived a life of excess. The movie embraces all the worst excesses of popular American culture. the violent excesses of the military regime He apologized for his past excesses. Adjective Basketball provided an outlet for their excess energy. She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun For Korea, that figure is in excess of $400 billion. Washington Post, "Danger Signs From an Esoteric Corner of Finance," 18 Sep. 2019 The annual payroll is in excess of $3.8 million, according to the filling. al, "Mobile’s ongoing legal woes threaten timely budget vote," 17 Sep. 2019 If the smell is overpowering, for example, an officer might conclude the motorist has a quantity of cannabis far in excess of what’s allowed. BostonGlobe.com, "Sniff and search is no longer the default for police in some of the 33 states that have legalized marijuana.," 17 Sep. 2019 Dental supplies valued in excess of $800 plus two dental hand drills valued at $900 were reported stolen Sept. 9 from the office storage closet of a business in the 100 block of Half Day Road. chicagotribune.com, "$30K illegally transferred from elderly Buffalo Grove woman’s bank account following phone ruse: Police," 16 Sep. 2019 So why should any of us be surprised seven Bowlen kids by two marriages couldn’t even wait until their father was in the grave to begin fighting over a football franchise worth in excess of $2.5 billion? Mark Kiszla, The Denver Post, "Kickin’ It with Kiz: Collateral damage of prolonged Bowlen family feud over ownership? Broncos will sink to bottom of NFL.," 14 Sep. 2019 People’s lives are truly forever changed after enduring two days of category 5 hurricane winds with gusts in excess of 220 mph. Joe Mario Pedersen, orlandosentinel.com, "Hurricane Dorian relief comes from Florida sports icons Dan Marino, Tiger Woods, Kelly Slater," 13 Sep. 2019 Studies have demonstrated that when a car hits a cyclist at speeds in excess of thirty kilometres per hour the cyclist is not likely to survive. Dan Kois, The New Yorker, "How I Learned to Cycle Like a Dutchman," 13 Sep. 2019 Disney’s commitment even includes accounting for taxes withheld for education benefits in excess of $5,250 annually. Advertorial, Orange County Register, "Cast Members Celebrate One Year of Disney Aspire," 13 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Small and medium businesses, the engine that drives the specialty food industry, may decide to invest in ramping up production but could find themselves with excess capacity and/or supply when the tariffs are lifted. Laura Reiley, Washington Post, "This may be the moment American cheese, true American cheese, has been waiting for," 5 Nov. 2019 At issue for Ford is excess powertrain plant capacity. Phoebe Wall Howard, Detroit Free Press, "Ford-UAW deal includes closing Romeo Engine Plant, moving 600 jobs," 31 Oct. 2019 At the same time, the agreement allows G.M. to close three idled factories permanently, including one in Lordstown, Ohio, eliminating excess manufacturing capacity at a time when auto sales are slowing. Neal E. Boudette, New York Times, "G.M. Workers Approve Contract and End U.A.W. Strike," 25 Oct. 2019 Unlike more predictable sources of energy, the energy produced by a wind farm can vary from day to day, forcing utilities to offload excess supplies and make up for shortages. Wired, "To Go Green, the Energy Industry Goes Open Source," 14 Oct. 2019 The state’s energy market has probably had excess capacity in recent years, said Mark Rothleder, vice president for market quality and regulatory affairs at the Independent System Operator. Los Angeles Times, "These fish-killing gas plants were set to close. California may throw them a lifeline," 24 Sep. 2019 The fact of the matter is that over the last few years, the market for modern sporting rifles has experienced significant excess manufacturing capacity. Leada Gore | Lgore@al.com, oregonlive, "Colt stops production of AR-15 rifles for civilians," 19 Sep. 2019 At times, utilities even pay customers to take electricity so that excess supply doesn't melt transmission lines. Robert F. Service, Science | AAAS, "Can the world make the chemicals it needs without oil?," 19 Sep. 2019 Another is to store excess energy for later use, using batteries. Andrew Blum, Time, "The Tech Innovations We Need to Happen if We're Going to Survive Climate Change," 12 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excess.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of excess

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1971, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for excess

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French exces, from Late Latin excessus, from Latin, departure, projection, from excedere to exceed

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about excess

Statistics for excess

Last Updated

29 Sep 2019

Time Traveler for excess

The first known use of excess was in the 14th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for excess

excess

noun
How to pronounce excess (audio) How to pronounce excess (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount that is more than the usual or necessary amount
: behavior that is considered wrong because it goes beyond what is usual, normal, or proper
: actions or ways of behaving that go beyond what is usual or proper

excess

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual, allowed, or needed

excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses How to pronounce excess (audio) , ˈek-ˌses\

Kids Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of being more than enough Don't eat to excess.
2 : the amount by which something is or has too much

excess

adjective

Kids Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual or acceptable

excess

adjective
ex·​cess

Legal Definition of excess

: more than a usual or specified amount specifically : additional to an amount specified under another insurance policy excess coverage excess insurance

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on excess

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for excess

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with excess

Spanish Central: Translation of excess

Nglish: Translation of excess for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of excess for Arabic Speakers

Comments on excess

What made you want to look up excess? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to spread as a report or rumor

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Confusing Words—A Quiz

  • alice with tweedle dee and tweedle dum
  • I invented a brand new toaster robot and ______ it "Sir Toasts-a-Lot."
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Bee Cubed

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!