surplus

1 of 2

noun

sur·​plus ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio)
1
a
: the amount that remains when use or need is satisfied
b
: an excess of receipts over disbursements
2
: the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock

surplus

2 of 2

adjective

: more than the amount that is needed : constituting a surplus
surplus food/clothing/equipment
When the sea captains returned, they would sell their surplus wares on the wharves.Carol Vogel
Long before the comparable worth battles of today, the economic value of women's work was evident to farm women who set prices for the surplus butter, candles, soap, honey, preserves, chickens, and eggs they raised or manufactured.Mary Kay Blakely

Examples of surplus in a Sentence

Noun If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs. Adjective surplus stock gets shipped to the warehouse and is eventually sold at auction
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
The new tax credits also aren’t the only way state officials responded to a foreseeable future of $1 billion-plus surpluses. Nick Coltrain, The Denver Post, 1 June 2024 When the state recovered from the recession, Brown came under intense pressure to spend the state’s surpluses on new programs. Louis Freedberg, The Mercury News, 30 May 2024
Adjective
As of Tuesday morning, these were some places offering deals on surplus food: Bad Bakers, 2101 Natomas Crossing Drive, Suite No. 150, in Sacramento, was offering a surprise bag with donuts and/or bread for $6. Hanh Truong, Sacramento Bee, 4 June 2024 The Delhi regional government has appealed to the country’s top court to force a neighboring state to release surplus water that a second state had provided for Delhi. Sameer Yasir Saumya Khandelwal, New York Times, 3 June 2024 See all Example Sentences for surplus 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'surplus.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1589, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of surplus was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near surplus

Cite this Entry

“Surplus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/surplus. Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition

surplus

noun
sur·​plus ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio)
1
: the amount more than what is required or necessary : excess
2
: an excess of income over spending
surplus adjective

Legal Definition

surplus

noun
sur·​plus ˈsər-ˌpləs How to pronounce surplus (audio)
1
a
: an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied
b
: an excess of receipts over disbursements
c
: the value of assets after subtracting liabilities
2
: an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value of its capital stock compare undivided profits
capital surplus
: all surplus other than earned surplus
earned surplus
: the surplus that remains after deducting losses, distributions to stockholders, and transfers to capital stock accounts
paid-in surplus
: surplus resulting from the sale of stock at amounts above par

More from Merriam-Webster on surplus

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