surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the amount that remains when use or need is satisfied
b : an excess of receipts over disbursements
2 : the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock

surplus

adjective

Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than the amount that is needed : constituting a surplus surplus food/clothing/equipment When the sea captains returned, they would sell their surplus wares on the wharves.— Carol Vogel Long before the comparable worth battles of today, the economic value of women's work was evident to farm women who set prices for the surplus butter, candles, soap, honey, preserves, chickens, and eggs they raised or manufactured.— Mary Kay Blakely

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Examples of surplus in a Sentence

Noun If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In the 1990s, President Bill Clinton highlighted his success in cutting the deficit and creating a budget surplus as a political achievement for Democrats. New York Times, "As Some Deficit Hawks Turn Dove, the New Politics of Debt Are on Display," 2 Jan. 2021 Adding to a surplus, especially pitching, is sometimes the best answer. Jorge Castillo Staff Writer, Los Angeles Times, "Could the Dodgers land Trevor Bauer? There’s always a chance," 16 Dec. 2020 Goldman said the government’s fiscal plans will likely help the current account return to surplus next year and ensure that in the medium term foreign-exchange reserves steady at slightly over 80% of the narrow money measure, M1. Paul Abelsky, Bloomberg.com, "Goldman Says Saudi Peg ‘Here to Stay,’ Though at Cost to Economy," 21 Nov. 2020 The previous stimulus package, passed by Congress and signed by President Donald Trump, helped keep Connecticut’s economy afloat and led to an unexpected surplus of $39 million in the fiscal year that ended June 30. Christopher Keating, courant.com, "Connecticut’s budget outlook for the current year continues to improve, but multibillion-dollar deficits are looming," 20 Nov. 2020 That was coupled with a price war leading to a surplus of oil on the global market. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, "Sports paused, sorority party canceled, curfews eyed: News from around our 50 states," 19 Nov. 2020 In Salt Lake City School District, board member Kristi Swett estimated that losing the 1,500 students there could lead to a surplus of 55 teachers. Courtney Tanner, The Salt Lake Tribune, "These Utah school districts saw the biggest drops in enrollment this year. Here’s why.," 6 Nov. 2020 The superintendent pointed to a state surplus from the 2019-20 school year that could be used to help keep districts financially viable until enrollment stabilizes once the pandemic wanes. Emily Donaldson, Dallas News, "Student enrollment dips during pandemic mean Texas schools will lose millions without state policy change," 31 Oct. 2020 The upshot is that the bank effectively has something like $10 billion in capital resources surplus to requirements. Telis Demos, WSJ, "Morgan Stanley Finds Money in the Cushion," 8 Oct. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The event is set for 1 p.m.-4 p.m. Lil Baby’s clothing line, 4PF, and Goodr, a company that helps restaurants deliver surplus food to places that feed the hungry, are involved in the project, as well. Mary Colurso | Mcolurso@al.com, al, "Rapper Lil Baby shares the wealth with coat giveaway in Alabama," 27 Dec. 2020 The organization collects surplus food from over 40 local stores and restaurants to serve about 25 households with 125 pounds of food, on average, to each family, according to the Westminster Rescue Mission’s website. Megan Woodward, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "‘It’s been a journey’: Some Carroll County donation services see increase in contributions during pandemic," 21 Dec. 2020 Twelve kitchens and catering companies currently participate in the initiative, which has salvaged about 180 jobs and rescued 1.2 million pounds of surplus food. Elizabeth Merrill, History & Culture, "‘We still care.’ Minnesota’s food industry shifts gears to feed the most vulnerable," 21 Dec. 2020 Dairy farmers in Utah and Idaho launched the program earlier this year as a way to turn surplus milk into food for those in need. Kathy Stephenson, The Salt Lake Tribune, "Curds + Kindness helps feed health care workers," 2 Dec. 2020 State leaders have warned of a potential hospital crunch but data shows there are hundreds of surplus beds outside of emergency departments, with contingency plans in place to accommodate the looming surge. oregonlive, "Nine months in, COVID crisis is driving health care workers out," 25 Nov. 2020 So far there is no mechanism in place for rich countries to distribute their surplus vaccine doses. Ruby Mellen, Washington Post, "Vaccines have never been distributed equally. A coronavirus vaccine would be no different, history suggests.," 12 Nov. 2020 Leaning long and hard on Marx, Ngai argues that the capitalist’s boundless quest to increase surplus labor prompts him to find new ways of enhancing his trick. Merve Emre, The New Yorker, "Our Love-Hate Relationship with Gimmicks," 9 Nov. 2020 Also, surplus real estate could be sold to raise cash, Marcus said. Tom Daykin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Marcus reports $39.4 million quarterly loss. Its hotels and cinemas see big decline in business due to pandemic.," 3 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surplus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surplus

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1589, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for surplus

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus

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Time Traveler for surplus

Time Traveler

The first known use of surplus was in the 14th century

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Statistics for surplus

Last Updated

10 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Surplus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/surplus. Accessed 20 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for surplus

surplus

noun
How to pronounce surplus (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed

surplus

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than the amount that is needed

surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Kids Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount left over : excess

surplus

adjective

Kids Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: left over : extra surplus wheat

surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-ˌpləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Legal Definition of surplus

1a : an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied
b : an excess of receipts over disbursements
c : the value of assets after subtracting liabilities
2 : an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value of its capital stock — compare undivided profits
capital surplus
: all surplus other than earned surplus
earned surplus
: the surplus that remains after deducting losses, distributions to stockholders, and transfers to capital stock accounts
paid-in surplus
: surplus resulting from the sale of stock at amounts above par

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Comments on surplus

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