surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the amount that remains when use or need is satisfied
b : an excess of receipts over disbursements
2 : the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock

surplus

adjective

Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than the amount that is needed : constituting a surplus surplus food/clothing/equipment When the sea captains returned, they would sell their surplus wares on the wharves.— Carol Vogel Long before the comparable worth battles of today, the economic value of women's work was evident to farm women who set prices for the surplus butter, candles, soap, honey, preserves, chickens, and eggs they raised or manufactured.— Mary Kay Blakely

Examples of surplus in a Sentence

Noun If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Skinner, who chairs the Senate Budget Committee, pointed to the surplus as a reason why the savings accounts should be created now. Mackenzie Mays, Los Angeles Times, 30 Dec. 2021 Both agencies see America as integral to global oil markets moving from a supply deficit this year to a supply surplus in 2022. Dan Eberhart, Forbes, 6 Dec. 2021 The military, which used to be the best and most reliable source of cold weather boots and such, no longer has much available to surplus. John Schandelmeier, Anchorage Daily News, 5 Dec. 2021 Charlie Dewhirst, a policy adviser for the National Pig Association, said that understaffed meat-processing plants had led to a surplus of pigs on farms. Anna Russell, The New Yorker, 2 Nov. 2021 Also contributing to the surplus, county government operations finished the year $25.5 million under budget, according to the release. Madison Bateman, baltimoresun.com, 25 Oct. 2021 State archivists and researchers have since spent years advocating for the new facility, which state legislators financed in the new state budget adopted in April, thanks to a surplus of federal coronavirus relief money. Casey Smith, The Indianapolis Star, 22 Oct. 2021 State archivists and researchers have since spent years advocating for the new facility, which state legislators financed in the new state budget adopted in April, thanks to a surplus of federal coronavirus relief money. Casey Smith, chicagotribune.com, 22 Oct. 2021 These new numbers point to an even bigger surplus that could be as much as another $1 billion. Bryan Schott, The Salt Lake Tribune, 30 June 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The city has budgeted $5 million in surplus funds to create the corps of professional responders and scale it up over four years. Rebecca Lurye, courant.com, 6 Dec. 2021 The purchase price of just under $400,000 will be covered by surplus budget funds. Joe Tash, San Diego Union-Tribune, 5 Dec. 2021 However, that surplus energy is unevenly distributed—some markets have more renewable energy than the stores and operations need, and others have less, leaving the coverage for their entire operations at around 64%, says Brodin. Katherine Dunn, Fortune, 23 Nov. 2021 But the company, which insures more than 3 million people in the region, has often accumulated hundreds of millions of dollars in surplus funds. Washington Post, 4 Nov. 2021 Some seafarers have been able to get vaccinated in countries with surplus vaccines and a policy that allows non-nationals to take them, like the US, UK, and the Netherlands. Aurora Almendral, Quartz, 29 Oct. 2021 The current disposition process is the city’s second attempt to offload the land, with local leaders this time strictly following the state’s new rulebook for leasing or selling surplus land. Jennifer Van Grove, San Diego Union-Tribune, 9 Dec. 2021 Through scouting, Lewis is challenging all schools around Scotland to reduce food waste by using surplus food to create meals for those in need using environmentally friendly packaging. Stephanie Petit, PEOPLE.com, 1 Nov. 2021 The city will use surplus money in the general fund to make the contribution. Gloria Casas, chicagotribune.com, 15 Oct. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surplus.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surplus

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

1589, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for surplus

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus

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Time Traveler for surplus

Time Traveler

The first known use of surplus was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near surplus

surpliced

surplus

surplusage

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Statistics for surplus

Last Updated

10 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Surplus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/surplus. Accessed 16 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for surplus

surplus

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed

surplus

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than the amount that is needed

surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-pləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Kids Definition of surplus

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount left over : excess

surplus

adjective

Kids Definition of surplus (Entry 2 of 2)

: left over : extra surplus wheat

surplus

noun
sur·​plus | \ ˈsər-ˌpləs How to pronounce surplus (audio) \

Legal Definition of surplus

1a : an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied
b : an excess of receipts over disbursements
c : the value of assets after subtracting liabilities
2 : an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value of its capital stock — compare undivided profits
capital surplus
: all surplus other than earned surplus
earned surplus
: the surplus that remains after deducting losses, distributions to stockholders, and transfers to capital stock accounts
paid-in surplus
: surplus resulting from the sale of stock at amounts above par

More from Merriam-Webster on surplus

Nglish: Translation of surplus for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of surplus for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about surplus

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