surplus

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noun sur·plus \ˈsər-(ˌ)pləs\

Definition of surplus

  1. 1a :  the amount that remains when use or need is satisfiedb :  an excess of receipts over disbursements

  2. 2 :  the excess of a corporation's net worth over the par or stated value of its stock

surplus

adjective

Examples of surplus in a Sentence

  1. If there is any surplus, it will be divided equally.

  2. There is a surplus of workers and not enough jobs.

Recent Examples of surplus from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surplus'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of surplus

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin superplus, from Latin super- + plus more — more at plus



SURPLUS Defined for English Language Learners

surplus

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noun

Definition of surplus for English Language Learners

  • : an amount (such as an amount of money) that is more than the amount that is needed


SURPLUS Defined for Kids

1

surplus

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noun sur·plus \ˈsər-pləs\

Definition of surplus for Students

  1. :  an amount left over :  excess


2

surplus

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adjective sur·plus

Definition of surplus for Students

  1. :  left over :  extra surplus wheat


Law Dictionary

surplus

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noun sur·plus \ˈsər-ˌpləs\

Legal Definition of surplus

  1. 1a :  an amount that remains when a use or need is satisfied b :  an excess of receipts over disbursements c :  the value of assets after subtracting liabilities

  2. 2 :  an excess of the net worth of a corporation over the par value of its capital stock — compare undivided profits capital surplus :  all surplus other than earned surplus earned surplus :  the surplus that remains after deducting losses, distributions to stockholders, and transfers to capital stock accounts paid–in surplus :  surplus resulting from the sale of stock at amounts above par



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the weight of a container

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