excess

noun
ex·cess | \ ik-ˈses , ˈek-ˌses \

Definition of excess 

(Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the state or an instance of surpassing usual, proper, or specified limits : superfluity

b : the amount or degree by which one thing or quantity exceeds another an excess of 10 bushels

2 : undue or immoderate indulgence : intemperance also : an act or instance of intemperance prevent excesses and abuses by newly created local powers —Albert Shanker

in excess of

: to an amount or degree beyond : over

excess

adjective

Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 3)

: more than the usual, proper, or specified amount

excess

verb
excessed; excessing; excesses

Definition of excess (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to eliminate the position of excessed several teachers because of budget cutbacks

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Examples of excess in a Sentence

Noun

They were equipped with an excess of provisions. The tests found an excess of sodium in his blood. He lived a life of excess. The movie embraces all the worst excesses of popular American culture. the violent excesses of the military regime He apologized for his past excesses.

Adjective

Basketball provided an outlet for their excess energy. She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Sommeliers in particular loved the wine, almost as an antidote to Parker’s excesses. Patrick Comiskey, latimes.com, "Why you should be drinking Gamay Noir this summer," 11 July 2018 The Serie A outfit are open to another loan deal with an option to buy at the end of the season and are willing to meet the Catalan side's valuation, a fee believed to be in excess of €30m. SI.com, "Benfica & Inter Reportedly Pursuing Deal for Barcelona Midfielder Rafinha This Summer," 11 July 2018 Run by the Michigan Department of Technology, Management and Budget, MiStore makes excess or unwanted property from federal, state and local government agencies available to the public twice a year, according to the department's release. Caroline Blackmon, Detroit Free Press, "State of Michigan's semi-annual surplus sale set for Saturday," 9 July 2018 That picture was one of the surprises of summer 2015, defying expectations by refusing to give in to summer-blockbuster excess. Stephanie Zacharek, Time, "Review: Ant-Man and the Wasp Has Stakes as Small as Its Superheroes But It’s Hard to Dislike," 3 July 2018 If solar panels or wind turbines are producing more energy than their infrastructure can handle, for example, that excess can be siphoned off into storage. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Tesla Is Revving Up to Build the World's Largest Battery Farm in California," 2 July 2018 And when there’s a regional excess of energy, Idaho Power might not be able to even sell that power. Heather Kennison, idahostatesman, "What's it like to rely on renewable energy? Look at life in Idaho.," 26 June 2018 Do not spray the grill grates with oil; this causes excess smoke and unnecessary goopy buildup on the grates. Jeanmarie Brownson, charlotteobserver, "Control the heat to grill the perfect steak," 26 June 2018 Toss cucumbers and 2 teaspoons salt in a large bowl; let stand 30 minutes. Drain and squeeze well to remove as much excess moisture as possible. Heinz® Mayonnaise, Bon Appetit, "Not Your Average French Dip," 25 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Any new buildings have to avoid putting excess weight and stress on it. Roland Li, SFChronicle.com, "Eastline, bigger than Salesforce Tower, wants to transform Oakland," 6 July 2018 However, exactly how excess weight directly causes or worsens existing sleep apnea isn’t completely understood. Sarah Jacoby, SELF, "The Science on Weight and Health," 26 June 2018 Use as little flour as possible while rolling and brush or dust the excess off. Nik Sharma, San Francisco Chronicle, "A Brown Kitchen: Paneer paratha and essential Indian flatbreads," 8 June 2018 And just as each new year demands in us a craving for minimalism, organization, reflection, and barely seasoned broths, other times demand excess. Sadie Stein, ELLE Decor, "In Defense of Maximalism," 23 May 2018 Then use a horsehair shine brush to polish and remove excess cream. James Lynch, Popular Mechanics, "How to Make Your Leather Shoes Last Forever," 19 Apr. 2018 The world's most honest Tinder dater sends her matches photos of her excess skin after weight loss. Fox News, "Woman who lost 252 pounds rejected on Tinder after sending pics of her excess skin," 10 July 2018 Strain and lay on a baking sheet lined with paper towels to absorb excess oil. Sarah Fritsche, SFChronicle.com, "Recipe: The Shed’s Cabbage Salad With Nam Prik, Pea Shoots, Puffed Rice & Radish," 3 July 2018 Jamison’s parents also have to scrub off his excess skin with an exfoliating mitt. Amanda Macmillan, Health.com, "What Is Harlequin Ichthyosis? Mom Bathes Her Baby in Bleach Because of This Rare Genetic Disorder," 21 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The new study found that ovarian and rectal cancers were not linked either to excess weight or rapid weight gain among the women tracked — something of a surprise. Melissa Healy, latimes.com, "Obesity may make women more vulnerable to a host of cancers, especially if they gain weight quickly," 23 May 2018 Party buses operate in a gray area where adults are allowed to drink, and often do to excess. Lavendrick Smith And Steve Harrison, charlotteobserver, "After a party bus tragedy, California passed new rules. Will that happen in NC? | Charlotte Observer," 4 May 2018 States with below average shares of adults who drink to excess typically have lower incomes. Cheyenne Buckingham, USA TODAY, "These are America’s drunkest states," 8 Mar. 2018 Some 20% of adults drink to excess in Michigan, more than the comparable national share of 18%. Cheyenne Buckingham, USA TODAY, "These are America’s drunkest states," 8 Mar. 2018 However, when the horrors are directly presented in the second half, the play falls into a mix of bloated melodrama with Grand Guignol excesses that grow tiresome after a long three hours. Theodore P. Mahne, NOLA.com, "Early Williams' 'Not About Nightingales' a brutal work, difficult to sustain," 8 Dec. 2017 WeWork’s deal to buy a century-old department store building may add another icon to excess to the neighborhood. Justin Lahart, WSJ, "WeWork’s Lord & Taylor Deal: Savvy Move or Top of the Market?," 24 Oct. 2017 In the months before the event men live in isolation and drink to excess a mixture of cow milk and cow blood for months in order to become vastly bloated and overweight. Tim Spector, CNN, "I spent three days as a hunter-gatherer to see if it would improve my gut health," 5 July 2017 The drunkest city in America - at least according to one recent ranking - is Green Bay, Wisconsin, where a whopping 27 percent of adults reports drinking to excess in the last 30 days. Leada Gore, AL.com, "2 of the most stone-cold sober cities in America are in Alabama," 25 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excess.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of excess

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1971, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for excess

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French exces, from Late Latin excessus, from Latin, departure, projection, from excedere to exceed

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Phrases Related to excess

in excess

to excess

Statistics for excess

Last Updated

1 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for excess

The first known use of excess was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for excess

excess

noun

English Language Learners Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount that is more than the usual or necessary amount

: behavior that is considered wrong because it goes beyond what is usual, normal, or proper

excesses : actions or ways of behaving that go beyond what is usual or proper

excess

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual, allowed, or needed

excess

noun
ex·cess | \ ik-ˈses , ˈek-ˌses \

Kids Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of being more than enough Don't eat to excess.

2 : the amount by which something is or has too much

excess

adjective

Kids Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual or acceptable

excess

adjective
ex·cess

Legal Definition of excess 

: more than a usual or specified amount specifically : additional to an amount specified under another insurance policy excess coverage excess insurance

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Comments on excess

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