excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses How to pronounce excess (audio) , ˈek-ˌses How to pronounce excess (audio) \

Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the state or an instance of surpassing usual, proper, or specified limits : superfluity
b : the amount or degree by which one thing or quantity exceeds another an excess of 10 bushels
2 : undue or immoderate indulgence : intemperance also : an act or instance of intemperance prevent excesses and abuses by newly created local powers — Albert Shanker
in excess of
: to an amount or degree beyond : over

excess

adjective

Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 3)

: more than the usual, proper, or specified amount

excess

verb
excessed; excessing; excesses

Definition of excess (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to eliminate the position of excessed several teachers because of budget cutbacks

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Examples of excess in a Sentence

Noun

They were equipped with an excess of provisions. The tests found an excess of sodium in his blood. He lived a life of excess. The movie embraces all the worst excesses of popular American culture. the violent excesses of the military regime He apologized for his past excesses.

Adjective

Basketball provided an outlet for their excess energy. She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

However, the agency threatened to sue for damages in excess of $100 million. Jenna West, SI.com, "Report: Zion Williamson Filing Against Former Agent Alleges Early Recruitment," 21 Aug. 2019 At the same time, Farfetch has been recording losses well in excess of what investors have expected to see. Marc Bain, Quartz, "Farfetch’s first year as a public company has not gone well," 20 Aug. 2019 On land, an excess of nitrogen is good for the crops that can metabolize it easily, but the majority of species can’t handle it. Matt Simon, WIRED, "New IPCC Report Shows How Our Abuse of Land Drives Climate Change," 8 Aug. 2019 The only excess is the film’s cinematography (by Chananun Chotrungroj), which paints the countryside in lush, naturalistic strokes, revealing the filmmaker’s tender affection for the land. The Washington Post, The Mercury News, "Review: ‘The Third Wife’ is a story told with deft, lush strokes," 27 June 2019 The only excess is the film’s cinematography (by Chananun Chotrungroj), which paints the countryside in lush, naturalistic strokes, revealing the filmmaker’s tender affection for the land. Hau Chu, Twin Cities, "‘The Third Wife,’ a movie set in 19th-century Vietnam, has a lot to say about today," 27 June 2019 Perhaps the excess and superfluity of our present-day leaders’ clothing is a subconscious compensation for not being clothed with power from on high? Troy Patterson, The New Yorker, "The Normcore Opulence of Preachers Wearing Four-Figure Sneakers," 14 June 2019 Most of the opera’s excess was in Blin’s busy staging. Globe Staff, BostonGlobe.com, "With ‘Orlando generoso,’ a generous helping of baroque opera," 10 June 2019 Avigail Diveroli filed a lawsuit in Miami last week, seeking damages in excess of $75,000 and a jury trial. Dave Quinn, PEOPLE.com, "Woman Sues American Airlines for Allegedly Locking Support Dog in Plane's Restroom : Report," 15 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Transfer the eggplant onto a paper towel to remove the excess oil. Emanuelle Lee, sun-sentinel.com, "Veggie shawarma pita sandwich is a meat-free alternative for lunch or dinner," 14 Aug. 2019 Pat any excess oil off the cakes with a paper towel, and place the plate in the oven to stay warm. CBS News, "The Dish: Luke Holden of Luke's Lobster shares his signature recipes," 6 July 2019 The rundown of banks’ excess reserves was appropriate and desirable as the interest rates in Hong Kong dollars, known as Hibor, had been consistently below comparable U.S.-dollar rates, or Libor. John Greenwood And, WSJ, "Hong Kong’s Economy Is Going Strong," 24 June 2019 District of Columbia Washington: District of Columbia lawmakers voted to add $47 million in excess reserves from the Washington Convention and Sports Authority to the city’s fiscal 2020 budget. USA TODAY, "Arthur Ashe, missing Marilyn, pacifier-eating pup: News from around our 50 states," 21 June 2019 Elimination of these rooms can be an excellent tool for helping parents eliminate excess items and also generate large amounts of donate-able items that can be of use to others. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Letting go of things: Downsizing can be easier than you think," 16 Aug. 2019 An Avon woman was arrested and charged with driving under the influence and excess BAC on Aug. 11. Cheryl Higley, cleveland.com, "Two busted for selling alcohol to minors: North Ridgeville police blotter," 16 Aug. 2019 The entire building had previously been leased by the Australian mining company BHP, which occupies a new building next door and has been subleasing its excess space at 1360 Post Oak out to other companies. Katherine Feser, Houston Chronicle, "Engie North America to take former BHP space for new HQ," 15 Aug. 2019 Anthocyanins help shield the leaf by absorbing excess light at wavelengths that aren’t used for photosynthesis, like the green part of the visible spectrum. Emily Toomey, Smithsonian, "Watch Leaves Change Color in a Matter of Seconds," 14 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, chicagotribune.com, "Jon Meacham and Tim McGraw: How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 11 July 2019 Meacham is a nonideological historian and McGraw is a country star, two professions that were built for caution, something McGraw occasionally takes to excess. Allison Stewart, Washington Post, "How American music became both a reflection and an instrument of social change," 10 July 2019 The new study found that ovarian and rectal cancers were not linked either to excess weight or rapid weight gain among the women tracked — something of a surprise. Melissa Healy, latimes.com, "Obesity may make women more vulnerable to a host of cancers, especially if they gain weight quickly," 23 May 2018 Party buses operate in a gray area where adults are allowed to drink, and often do to excess. Lavendrick Smith And Steve Harrison, charlotteobserver, "After a party bus tragedy, California passed new rules. Will that happen in NC? | Charlotte Observer," 4 May 2018 States with below average shares of adults who drink to excess typically have lower incomes. Cheyenne Buckingham, USA TODAY, "These are America’s drunkest states," 8 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excess.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of excess

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1971, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for excess

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French exces, from Late Latin excessus, from Latin, departure, projection, from excedere to exceed

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Statistics for excess

Last Updated

1 Sep 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for excess

The first known use of excess was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for excess

excess

noun

English Language Learners Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount that is more than the usual or necessary amount
: behavior that is considered wrong because it goes beyond what is usual, normal, or proper
: actions or ways of behaving that go beyond what is usual or proper

excess

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual, allowed, or needed

excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses How to pronounce excess (audio) , ˈek-ˌses\

Kids Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of being more than enough Don't eat to excess.
2 : the amount by which something is or has too much

excess

adjective

Kids Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual or acceptable

excess

adjective
ex·​cess

Legal Definition of excess

: more than a usual or specified amount specifically : additional to an amount specified under another insurance policy excess coverage excess insurance

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More from Merriam-Webster on excess

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with excess

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for excess

Spanish Central: Translation of excess

Nglish: Translation of excess for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of excess for Arabic Speakers

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