excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses , ˈek-ˌses \

Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the state or an instance of surpassing usual, proper, or specified limits : superfluity
b : the amount or degree by which one thing or quantity exceeds another an excess of 10 bushels
2 : undue or immoderate indulgence : intemperance also : an act or instance of intemperance prevent excesses and abuses by newly created local powers — Albert Shanker
in excess of
: to an amount or degree beyond : over

excess

adjective

Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 3)

: more than the usual, proper, or specified amount

excess

verb
excessed; excessing; excesses

Definition of excess (Entry 3 of 3)

transitive verb

: to eliminate the position of excessed several teachers because of budget cutbacks

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Examples of excess in a Sentence

Noun

They were equipped with an excess of provisions. The tests found an excess of sodium in his blood. He lived a life of excess. The movie embraces all the worst excesses of popular American culture. the violent excesses of the military regime He apologized for his past excesses.

Adjective

Basketball provided an outlet for their excess energy. She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Alternatively, butter pan and lightly dust with flour, tapping out excess. 2. Gabriella Gershenson, WSJ, "The Greatest New Year’s Menus on the Planet (at Least We Think So)," 26 Dec. 2018 Fermi observed high-energy radiation from the galactic center and found an excess that was hard to explain. Chris Lee, Ars Technica, "Gamma ray evidence for dark matter outshone by a flock of pulsars," 10 Aug. 2018 Dust the pan with flour, tapping out the excess. 2. Lisa Yockelson, BostonGlobe.com, "Recipe: Every baker needs a simple blueberry cake for the summer table," 18 June 2018 The piece has been described as symbolizing excesses of the United States. Kathryn Watson, CBS News, "Trumps offered used gold toilet in lieu of van Gogh painting: Report," 25 Jan. 2018 Avangard is a winged glider weapon boosted high into the atmosphere by a ballistic missile, which then descends on its target at speeds in excess of 15,000 miles an hour. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Russia Tests Yet Another Hypersonic Weapon," 27 Dec. 2018 The potential crimes include unlawful contributions in excess of the $2,700 individual limit — a personal loan counts as a contribution, even if it is repaid. Charlie Savage, The Seattle Times, "Trump lays out a defense for potential campaign-finance crimes," 10 Dec. 2018 Working 1 at a time, stick a wooden pick into each truffle ball and spoon chocolate over it; gently tap off excess. Woman's Day Kitchen, Woman's Day, "Snowy Cookie Truffles," 30 Nov. 2018 Use a putty knife to make sure that the compound fills the gap between the wall and the patch, and to wipe off any excess. Peter Martin, Popular Mechanics, "How to Fix a Hole in Drywall," 7 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

But recent research has shown that holding on to excess fat in particular places can be especially dangerous for women. Karyn Repinski, Woman's Day, "New Research Links Belly Fat to an Increased Risk of Heart Attacks in Women," 23 Jan. 2019 The procedure does nothing to change the body's ability to store fat—and CoolSculpting doesn't prevent the body from storing excess calories if someone gains weight. Roxanne Adamiyatt, Town & Country, "Everything You Need to Know About CoolSculpting (and Were Too Afraid to Ask)," 11 Jan. 2019 In the last two decades, though, two other attorneys general have reached the opposite view, that sheriffs were not entitled to excess food money. Alan Blinder, New York Times, "Alabama Moves to Limit Sheriffs From Pocketing Jail Food Money," 11 July 2018 Eli's family has set up a GoFundMe page to pay for his funeral and burial, and excess funds will be given to charity in his name. Megan Friedman, Good Housekeeping, ""Miracle Baby" Born Without a Nose Dies at Just Two Years Old," 6 June 2017 Applying a paste made of aspirin immediately removes excess oil and dead skin. Leah Prinzivalli, Glamour, "How to Get Rid of a Pimple Fast: 12 Dos & Don'ts of Fighting Acne," 17 Jan. 2019 Newsletter Sign-up Banks make money from deposits by investing excess funds in higher-yielding safe securities such as short-term Treasurys. Paul J. Davies, WSJ, "HSBC: Asian Flavor With American Kick," 29 Oct. 2018 But finance officials typically use conservative estimates to project the next year’s tax revenue and then use the excess funds to cover the overtime pay. Luke Broadwater, baltimoresun.com, "Baltimore City Council to begin monthly oversight meetings on police overtime spending, crime," 9 July 2018 Even after losing 220 lbs., Ashley Streigel wasn’t comfortable in her own body due to excess skin. Stephanie Petit, PEOPLE.com, "Woman Feels 'Confident' as She Shops for a Wedding Gown After Excess Skin Removal on Skin Tight," 13 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The new study found that ovarian and rectal cancers were not linked either to excess weight or rapid weight gain among the women tracked — something of a surprise. Melissa Healy, latimes.com, "Obesity may make women more vulnerable to a host of cancers, especially if they gain weight quickly," 23 May 2018 Party buses operate in a gray area where adults are allowed to drink, and often do to excess. Lavendrick Smith And Steve Harrison, charlotteobserver, "After a party bus tragedy, California passed new rules. Will that happen in NC? | Charlotte Observer," 4 May 2018 States with below average shares of adults who drink to excess typically have lower incomes. Cheyenne Buckingham, USA TODAY, "These are America’s drunkest states," 8 Mar. 2018 Some 20% of adults drink to excess in Michigan, more than the comparable national share of 18%. Cheyenne Buckingham, USA TODAY, "These are America’s drunkest states," 8 Mar. 2018 However, when the horrors are directly presented in the second half, the play falls into a mix of bloated melodrama with Grand Guignol excesses that grow tiresome after a long three hours. Theodore P. Mahne, NOLA.com, "Early Williams' 'Not About Nightingales' a brutal work, difficult to sustain," 8 Dec. 2017 WeWork’s deal to buy a century-old department store building may add another icon to excess to the neighborhood. Justin Lahart, WSJ, "WeWork’s Lord & Taylor Deal: Savvy Move or Top of the Market?," 24 Oct. 2017 In the months before the event men live in isolation and drink to excess a mixture of cow milk and cow blood for months in order to become vastly bloated and overweight. Tim Spector, CNN, "I spent three days as a hunter-gatherer to see if it would improve my gut health," 5 July 2017 The drunkest city in America - at least according to one recent ranking - is Green Bay, Wisconsin, where a whopping 27 percent of adults reports drinking to excess in the last 30 days. Leada Gore, AL.com, "2 of the most stone-cold sober cities in America are in Alabama," 25 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'excess.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of excess

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

1971, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for excess

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Late Latin; Anglo-French exces, from Late Latin excessus, from Latin, departure, projection, from excedere to exceed

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Statistics for excess

Last Updated

3 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for excess

The first known use of excess was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for excess

excess

noun

English Language Learners Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: an amount that is more than the usual or necessary amount
: behavior that is considered wrong because it goes beyond what is usual, normal, or proper
: actions or ways of behaving that go beyond what is usual or proper

excess

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual, allowed, or needed

excess

noun
ex·​cess | \ ik-ˈses , ˈek-ˌses\

Kids Definition of excess

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of being more than enough Don't eat to excess.
2 : the amount by which something is or has too much

excess

adjective

Kids Definition of excess (Entry 2 of 2)

: more than is usual or acceptable

excess

adjective
ex·​cess

Legal Definition of excess

: more than a usual or specified amount specifically : additional to an amount specified under another insurance policy excess coverage excess insurance

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More from Merriam-Webster on excess

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with excess

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for excess

Spanish Central: Translation of excess

Nglish: Translation of excess for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of excess for Arabic Speakers

Comments on excess

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