estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of
3 archaic
a : esteem

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
2 : a statement of the cost of work to be done
3 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
4 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago. Noun According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Powell, who has estimated that unemployment could reach 25 percent, has said the economy can only fully recover once there is a vaccine. NBC News, "Feds charge Chinese national in $20 million PPP fraud scheme," 22 May 2020 The city of Midland had an estimated 9 feet of floodwater downtown. Fox News, "Michigan dam that failed had license revoked by feds over fears it couldn't withstand major flooding," 21 May 2020 By midcentury, researchers studying the trends have estimated that about half the world’s population could be myopic. Olivia Killeen, The Conversation, "Increasing screen time during COVID-19 could be harmful to kids’ eyesight," 21 May 2020 Experts have estimated that the U.S. needs 100,000 to 300,000 contact tracers, and the nation has been slow to recruit them. Ed Yong, The Atlantic, "We Live in a Patchwork Pandemic Now," 20 May 2020 No one has yet estimated how much further emissions could fall in case a second wave of Covid-19 infections forces another global lockdown like the one in April. Eric Roston, Bloomberg.com, "Biggest Fall in Global Emissions Shows the Limits of Individual Action," 19 May 2020 Though Social Security payments alone aren’t enough to sustain most aging households, the Census Bureau has estimated that a majority of seniors today would be living in poverty without them. J.c. Pan, The New Republic, "Rebuilding Retirement After the Pandemic," 19 May 2020 Association Executive Director Laurie Thomas has estimated that half of San Francisco restaurants could permanently close because of the coronavirus. Janelle Bitker, SFChronicle.com, "Survey reveals dire state of SF restaurants during coronavirus shelter-in-place," 17 May 2020 Ethiopia’s Jobs Creation Commission has estimated close to 1.4 million workers will be affected by the pandemic, particularly in the service and manufacturing sectors. Samuel Getachew, Quartz Africa, "Ethiopia, once one of world’s fastest growing economies, is seeing carefully laid plans unravel," 7 May 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun There's no way of knowing what the next few months will hold for the auto industry, but TrueCar's April 2020 report predicts that 12.6 million new cars will be sold here in 2020—4.3 million lower than its estimate at the beginning of the year. Annie White, Car and Driver, "Now Is the Best Time to Buy a Car," 24 May 2020 According to estimates by the UN, women spend on average 4.1 hours a day doing unpaid care and domestic work, compared to 1.7 hours spent by men. Ivana Kottasová, CNN, "Coronavirus is killing more men. But the lockdown is disastrous for women and their rights," 24 May 2020 To safely reopen the U.S. economy, the nation needs an army of contact tracers—at least 184,000 of them, according to one estimate by researchers at the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University. Kathryn Dill, WSJ, "What It Takes to Become a Contact Tracer on the Trail of the Coronavirus," 21 May 2020 Hunt said much of their estimate was based off how much the company spent building the Indianapolis' Ironworks hotel, a boutique hotel like Hotel Carmichael. Kaitlin Lange, The Indianapolis Star, "It wasn't just the tariffs. Here's what caused Hotel Carmichael cost overruns in Carmel.," 19 May 2020 The company’s losses were slightly higher than its estimates, and the Vision Fund reported a loss of $17.7 billion, greater than predicted. Ben Dooley, BostonGlobe.com, "SoftBank in crisis amid record losses," 18 May 2020 Amazon already delivers roughly half of all packages itself, according to an estimate by Morgan Stanley. Author: Jacob Bogage, Josh Dawsey, Anchorage Daily News, "Postal service launches review of package delivery fees as Trump pressure grows," 14 May 2020 By May 3, the country’s economy had suffered losses of $234.4 billion, according to an estimate by British investment bank Barclays. Niharika Sharma, Quartz India, "Day 51: India’s coronavirus lockdown in numbers," 14 May 2020 If the two combined, Uber Eats and Grubhub would represent about 55% of the food delivery market, per estimates by Dan Ives over at Wedbush in an analyst note. Lucinda Shen, Fortune, "Uber seeks to dominate the food delivery wars," 13 May 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Time Traveler for estimate

Time Traveler

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

26 May 2020

Cite this Entry

“Estimate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estimate. Accessed 2 Jun. 2020.

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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