estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem
b : appraise
2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation
2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
3a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Among the estimated 35,000 people in attendance this year were school principals, neuroscience lab workers, postal carriers and college sweethearts. Currie Engel, Time, "Why a Hot Dog Eating Contest Became a Fourth of July Tradition for So Many Americans," 6 July 2019 Pomeroy urged the estimated 2,000 people in the region hit by the quake who have California Earthquake Authority insurance policies to contact their residential insurance agencies as soon as possible. John Antczak, Anchorage Daily News, "Aftershocks rattle California after 6.4-magnitude earthquake," 5 July 2019 The woman was able to climb on top of several rocks, when officials estimate that the current pulled Morfin deeper into the water. Peter Dawson, Houston Chronicle, "Houston man drowns from strong rip waves, water current in Galveston: beach patrol," 5 July 2019 An estimated 8 million people a year in the United States, including military veterans, cope with the disorder that affects sleep, behavior and relationships. Cindy Krischer Goodman, sun-sentinel.com, "Holiday fireworks can be a terrible trigger for those with PTSD," 4 July 2019 Two days later, on June 9, Hong Kong saw and estimated 1 million people take to the streets to protest the law, viewed as a dire threat to the autonomy and freedom the city has enjoyed since returning to Chinese sovereignty. Vivienne Chow, Quartzy, "An art show in Switzerland became an accidental lens into Hong Kong’s protests," 4 July 2019 Police are searching for a group of 10 men accused of stealing an estimated $30,000 in merchandise in a brazen heist at the Pleasant Prairie Premium Outlets earlier this week. Marisa Peryer, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Brazen heist nets $30,000 in merchandise at Pleasant Prairie North Face store; police invesigating," 4 July 2019 As the event expanded, so did Moody, growing from a population of 8,000 in 2000 to an estimated 13,000 in 2018. al.com, "The tragic reason this Alabama city celebrates July 4th a week late," 4 July 2019 Spending more on housing California’s estimated 130,000 homeless residents will have some impact. Dan Walters, The Mercury News, "Walters: Newsom’s housing deal is just a baby step for California," 3 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Interviewees gave estimates of how many people—ranging from 8% to 20%—were being detained in their towns. Patrick Dehahn, Quartz, "More than 1 million Muslims are detained in China—but how did we get that number?," 4 July 2019 One of the most well-known and trusted sites, AncestryDNA can give you an incredibly precise ethnicity estimate, based on data collected from a huge database of more than 10 million people, from hundred regions around the world. Isabelle Kagan, USA TODAY, "This popular DNA kit is on sale for the Fourth of July," 3 July 2019 The stakes are high for Dallas, where an estimated 475,000 unauthorized immigrants live, according the Pew Research Center estimates, and many have families. Obed Manuel, Dallas News, "The citizenship question won’t be on the 2020 census. Here's what that means for Dallas and Texas," 2 July 2019 Those and other forces, in those estimates, suggest moderate economic growth, a net 2 percent rate. Neil Irwin, New York Times, "Consumers Are Spending. Businesses Aren’t. Who’s Right About the Future?," 1 July 2019 That's about a hundred to a thousand times worse than the company's initial estimate, which put the amount of oil flowing into the ocean at less than three gallons a day. Harmeet Kaur, CNN, "An oil spill that began 15 years ago is up to a thousand times worse than the rig owner's estimate, study finds," 29 June 2019 According to a recent Barclays estimate, reclassifying employees would cost Uber and Lyft about $3,625 a driver, which could amount to several hundreds of millions in additional annual operating losses per year. Shirin Ghaffary, Vox, "Some Uber and Lyft drivers say they were misled into petitioning against their own worker rights," 27 June 2019 The long-term effects have only recently come into focus, with estimates that chronic smoke exposure causes about 20,000 premature deaths per year, said Jeff Pierce, an associate professor of atmospheric science at Colorado State University. CBS News, "Smoke from wildfires increases health risks for millions of Americans," 25 June 2019 The long-term effects have only recently come into focus, with estimates that chronic smoke exposure causes about 20,000 premature deaths per year, said Jeff Pierce, an associate professor of atmospheric science at Colorado State University. Matthew Brown, The Denver Post, "Jump in wildfires across Western U.S. means smoke’s health impact will spread," 25 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

8 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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More from Merriam-Webster on estimate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with estimate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for estimate

Spanish Central: Translation of estimate

Nglish: Translation of estimate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estimate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on estimate

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