estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of
3 archaic
a : esteem

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
2 : a statement of the cost of work to be done
3 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
4 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimate (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago. Noun According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The additional $300 per week will start reaching workers by mid-January in most states, experts estimate. Jessica Menton, USA TODAY, "When will the extra $300 in unemployment benefits start? These states are already paying the bonus," 6 Jan. 2021 The companies estimate those synergies at more than $6 billion (5 billion euros) annually with implementation costs of almost $5 billion (4 billion euros). Eric D. Lawrence, Detroit Free Press, "Stellantis gets shareholder blessing; Fiat Chrysler, PSA merger could be complete in weeks," 5 Jan. 2021 While Toyota’s sales were down 11 percent, Cox analysts estimate total U.S. vehicle sales fell to 14.4 million last year, down 15 percent from 2019. Diego Mendoza-moyers, ExpressNews.com, "Toyota racked up strong sales at end of 2020," 5 Jan. 2021 Cardboard can be recycled up to 10 to 12 times before fibers lose integrity, experts estimate. Shwanika Narayan, SFChronicle.com, "E-commerce ruled the holidays. So why aren’t Bay Area recycling centers choking on cardboard?," 30 Dec. 2020 Advocacy groups estimate that hundreds of thousands of such kits had been sitting in evidence lockers, some containing the only key that could solve certain cases: a sample of the rapist’s DNA. Anchorage Daily News, "After 3 years and $1.5 million devoted to testing rape kits, Alaska made one new arrest," 30 Dec. 2020 The authors estimate that just between 10,000 and 50,000 people inhabited the largest two islands—Hispaniola and Puerto Rico—rather than the million or so inhabitants Columbus reported in his journals. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Did Columbus find early Caribs in 15th century Caribbean? Jury is still out," 29 Dec. 2020 The town and Verogy estimate that the King Philip array will be the equivalent of cutting CO2 emissions from 47,000 gallons of gasoline a year. Don Stacom, courant.com, "West Hartford: New solar array on middle school to save taxpayers $250,000 while cutting carbon output," 28 Dec. 2020 Scientists estimate between 120 and 230 adults live in the wild. orlandosentinel.com, "Most Florida panthers found dead in 2020 were killed by cars," 26 Dec. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Even with that conservative estimate, the Padres would have sold 2.66 million tickets. Bill Shaikin, Los Angeles Times, "The pandemic especially hurt Padres revenues, yet they’re spending to win anyway," 29 Dec. 2020 While still an unsustainable four times the current number of patients, the estimate is roughly 40,000 fewer than what the model had been projecting just days ago. Robert Jablon, ajc, "California deaths spur pleas to stay home for Christmas," 25 Dec. 2020 The top end of that total estimate, $710 million, would amount to about 10% of state spending from the Education Trust Fund in fiscal year 2020, when the ETF budget was $7.1 billion. Mike Cason | Mcason@al.com, al, "Ivey’s study group says Alabama could raise up to $700 million with lottery, casinos," 19 Dec. 2020 This year’s estimate is shakier than usual because several of those data sources were affected by the response to the coronavirus pandemic, including changing or extending deadlines for some taxes and license renewals. Adam Beam, The Christian Science Monitor, "California exit: Golden State growth slows as more people leave," 17 Dec. 2020 Some groups have disputed that estimate, saying the deal is worth about $15 billion. Rob Nikolewski, San Diego Union-Tribune, "SDG&E turns in the only bid for San Diego’s gas and electric franchises," 17 Dec. 2020 That estimate showed there were about 332.6 million people in the U.S. on census day, April 1, according to the midpoint figure from the bureau’s demographic analysis. Janet Adamy And Paul Overberg, WSJ, "Census Estimates U.S. Population Grew 8% in Last Decade, Slowest Since the 1930s," 15 Dec. 2020 While the estimate was $8,900, the resident agreed to pay $6,500 upfront for the cost of materials. John Benson, cleveland, "Tired of excuses, resident calls police on suspicious contractor: Brecksville Police Blotter," 9 Dec. 2020 The tax extension, which is the amount the district would actually receive, may vary from the levy request amount depending on how accurate the estimate was. Anna Kim, chicagotribune.com, "Leyden District 212 proposes 14.4% higher tax levy, but homeowners won’t pay that much," 8 Dec. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Time Traveler for estimate

Time Traveler

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

13 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Estimate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/estimate. Accessed 21 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun
How to pronounce estimate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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Comments on estimate

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