estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem
b : appraise
2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation
2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
3a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 48 million people experience a foodborne illness every year in the United States. Jenna Flannigan, SELF, "8 Surprising Food Safety Mistakes You Might Be Making," 11 Jan. 2019 The home, which is estimated to have been built in 1727, was passed down through three generations of the Ropes family (hence the name). Alyssa Fiorentino, House Beautiful, "You Need To Know The Real Story Behind Allison's House From Hocus Pocus," 17 Oct. 2018 Most of these tests are limited—usually using one or two gates, and thus affecting only a few flights a day—although in aggregate, the CBP estimates as many as three million travelers have encountered facial recognition technology since mid-2017. Barbara Peterson, Condé Nast Traveler, "The Future of Biometrics at the Airport," 20 Sep. 2018 Garmin devices have been known to have great battery lives, and the Vivosmart 4's estimated time between charges along with its feature set put it directly in competition with Fitbit's Charge 3. Valentina Palladino, Ars Technica, "Garmin’s Vivosmart 4 combines pulse-ox and a week of battery life for $129," 30 Aug. 2018 Over the course of a woman’s life, she is estimated to spend 13 percent more on necessary personal care products compared to men. Jordana Kier And Alex Friedman, Harper's BAZAAR, "Tampon Tax Is Just Another Example of Women's Inequality," 7 Dec. 2018 Borderline personality disorder, otherwise known as BPD, is a mental illness that is estimated to affect 1.6 percent of U.S. adults, though that number may be as high at 5.9 percent. Molly Burford, Allure, "9 Things You Should Know About Borderline Personality Disorder, From Someone Who Has It," 8 Oct. 2018 The Price Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank's wedding is estimated to cost around $3 million, which is a whole lot less than Harry and Meghan's reported $43 million. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "How Similar Will Princess Eugenie and Meghan Markle's Weddings Actually Be?," 28 Sep. 2018 Each year, an estimated 8 million metric tons of plastics end up in the ocean, according to the advocacy group Ocean Conservancy. Tabor Wordelman, Teen Vogue, "You Can't Just "Clean Up" the Plastic in the Ocean. Here's Why.," 18 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Ford on Wednesday pegged adjusted earnings for the fourth quarter at 30 cents a share, 2 cents below analysts’ estimates, and for the full year at $1.30 a share. Allison Prang, WSJ, "Ford Gives Earnings Warning, Offers Less-Bullish 2019 Outlook," 16 Jan. 2019 According to most estimates, there's nearly half a million gallons of thick, bunker C fuel oil still trapped in the rusting ship. Matt Blitz, Popular Mechanics, "Pearl Harbor Still Holds a Few Mysteries," 7 Dec. 2018 According to estimates from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, while most Americans will benefit at least somewhat, the top fifth of earners get 70 percent of the bill’s benefits, and the top 1 percent get 34 percent. Emily Stewart, Vox, "Trump said there was a middle-class tax cut coming before the election. There’s no way that’s happening.," 3 Nov. 2018 The overall number lines up well with estimates from previous studies, even though it was derived independently. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "What 61,000 hidden structures reveal about Maya civilization," 28 Sep. 2018 According to estimates, suppliers will create an additional 600 new jobs in and around North Charleston. Megan Barber, Curbed, "The Sprinter van is now made in the USA," 6 Sep. 2018 In fact, Ethiopia and Eritrea have spent the last two decades more like bitter enemies, ever since a border dispute in the late 1990s turned into a brutal war that killed nearly 100,000 people, according to some estimates. Ryan Lenora Brown, The Christian Science Monitor, "After years of unrest, Ethiopia enters new era of openness," 11 July 2018 Cost estimates for any policy in Washington are manipulated for political purposes, and the benefits of more spending or lower taxes or easier money from the Federal Reserve are never perfectly matched to the timing of costs. WSJ, "Not All Deficits Spur Growth With Such Gusto," 27 Dec. 2018 Verify your pickup and drop-off locations, and the app gives you an estimate for your car’s arrival. Andrew J. Hawkins, The Verge, "Riding in Waymo One, the Google spinoff’s first self-driving taxi service," 5 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

21 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something

: a statement about how much a job will cost

: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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More from Merriam-Webster on estimate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with estimate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for estimate

Spanish Central: Translation of estimate

Nglish: Translation of estimate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estimate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on estimate

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