estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem

b : appraise

2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of

b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of

c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation

2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities

3a : a rough or approximate calculation

b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter

4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

For the initial buildout, the report estimates that the conversion would increase consumers' gas bills by seven percent. Megan Geuss, Ars Technica, "Natural gas firms have a proposal to convert home heating to hydrogen," 25 Nov. 2018 The National Retail Federation estimates that more than 164 million plan to shop this weekend, with 116 million buying on Black Friday alone. Rebekka Ayres, Teen Vogue, "Black Friday, Explained: A Complete History," 23 Nov. 2018 It’s estimated that Troom Troom, which currently boasts nearly 10 million subscribers and almost 3 billion total views of its surreal, pastel-plastered videos, pulls in between about $500,000 and $8 million each year. Rebecca Jennings, Vox, "YouTube is full of cringey, clickbait DIY channels. They’re even weirder than you think.," 12 Nov. 2018 It’s estimated that 740,000 new job openings will exist in Washington in the next five years — many created by a wave of retiring baby boomers leaving high-paying positions. Katherine Long, The Seattle Times, "Washington voters don’t think schools prepare kids for careers. The state is trying to change that.," 31 Oct. 2018 Additionally, women are often underdiagnosed as children, and studies have estimated that 50 to 75 percent of girls with ADHD aren’t diagnosed. Kayleigh Roberts, Allure, "Why Women With ADHD Like Me Get Diagnosed So Late in Adulthood," 25 Oct. 2018 The Congressional Budget Office estimates each submarine will cost $5.5 billion. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "The Navy’s Next Attack Submarine Will Be Big, Expensive," 22 Oct. 2018 For example, researchers at Citibank and the University of Oxford estimated that 57 percent of jobs in OECD countries — an international group of 36 nations including the U.S. — were at high risk of automation within the next few decades. Shirin Ghaffary, Recode, "Why no one really knows how many jobs automation will replace," 20 Oct. 2018 It’s estimated that half of all American adults are in some sort of facial recognition database. Diana Budds, Curbed, "Facial recognition is becoming one of the 21st century’s biggest public space issues," 19 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The 2007 National Comorbidity Survey Replication published in Biological Psychiatry offers an estimate of how many people have BPD. Carolyn L. Todd, SELF, "13 Facts Everyone Should Know About Borderline Personality Disorder," 5 Dec. 2018 The company said net sales rose 8.7% to $6.42 billion and same-store sales grew 2.8%, both beating analysts’ estimates. Aisha Al-muslim, WSJ, "Dollar General Focuses on Food as It Eyes Expansion," 4 Dec. 2018 With that in mind, the researchers calculated an estimate of the size of the impactor. Scott K. Johnson, Ars Technica, "Huge, previously unknown impact crater found beneath Greenland’s ice," 18 Nov. 2018 The results beat analysts’ estimates of $1.01 per share, according to FactSet. Ken Sweet, The Seattle Times, "Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley both report strong 3Q profits," 16 Oct. 2018 If the house is an older one, homeowners should expect an accurate estimate to reflect the cost of rebuilding the structure to conform to current codes. Ron Hurtibise, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Do you have enough homeowner insurance? Here's how to find out," 13 July 2018 The two men took Smalls’ car to a garage on Windsor Street and got an estimate of $4,434 to repair the damage, according to the warrant. David Owens, courant.com, "Warrant: Bloomfield Man Kills Hartford Man Rather Than Pay For Damage To Car," 12 July 2018 The panel heard an initial cost estimate of $2 million for the town hall project on June 19 from Facilities Manager Gregg Verallis. Jesse Leavenworth, Courant Community, "East Hartford Town Hall Repair Costs Increase By $2 Million-Plus," 11 July 2018 As just one of 18 homes on Martins Point Plantation, a 900-acre private waterfront community, Noah's house would cost approximately $12,000/month to rent today — according to an estimate experts at ForRent.com gave Domino. Taylor Mead, House Beautiful, "The Mansion Noah Built For Allie In The Notebook Would Rent For An Insane Price," 6 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

9 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something

: a statement about how much a job will cost

: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-ˌmāt \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ˈe-stə-mət \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.

2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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More from Merriam-Webster on estimate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with estimate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for estimate

Spanish Central: Translation of estimate

Nglish: Translation of estimate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estimate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on estimate

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