estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 archaic

a : esteem
b : appraise
2a : to judge tentatively or approximately the value, worth, or significance of
b : to determine roughly the size, extent, or nature of
c : to produce a statement of the approximate cost of

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of appraising or valuing : calculation
2 : an opinion or judgment of the nature, character, or quality of a person or thing had a high estimate of his abilities
3a : a rough or approximate calculation
b : a numerical value obtained from a statistical sample and assigned to a population parameter
4 : a statement of the cost of work to be done

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Other Words from estimate

Verb

estimative \ ˈe-​stə-​ˌmā-​tiv How to pronounce estimative (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for estimate

Verb

estimate, appraise, evaluate, value, rate, assess mean to judge something with respect to its worth or significance. estimate implies a judgment, considered or casual, that precedes or takes the place of actual measuring or counting or testing out. estimated the crowd at two hundred appraise commonly implies the fixing by an expert of the monetary worth of a thing, but it may be used of any critical judgment. having their house appraised evaluate suggests an attempt to determine relative or intrinsic worth in terms other than monetary. evaluate a student's work value equals appraise but without implying expertness of judgment. a watercolor valued by the donor at $500 rate adds to estimate the notion of placing a thing according to a scale of values. a highly rated restaurant assess implies a critical appraisal for the purpose of understanding or interpreting, or as a guide in taking action. officials are trying to assess the damage

Examples of estimate in a Sentence

Verb

They estimated the distance at about three miles. We need to estimate how much paint we'll need for the job. The cost of the project has been estimated at about 10 million dollars. He estimates that current oil reserves are 20 percent lower than they were a year ago.

Noun

According to government estimates, current oil reserves are 10 percent lower than they were a year ago. One conservative estimate is that he stole five million dollars. We solicited several estimates for the project. The contractor's estimate for the job seemed high. The company's products are, by general estimate, poorly made.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Gou ranks among Taiwan’s richest people with a fortune estimated by Forbes at $7.8 billion. Johnson Lai, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Foxconn chairman Terry Gou stepping down amid talks of political bid," 21 June 2019 Gou ranks among Taiwan's richest people with a fortune estimated by Forbes at $7.8 billion. Johnson Lai, chicagotribune.com, "Foxconn chairman plans to resign, could run for Taiwan presidency," 21 June 2019 That’s a small percentage of the city’s general greenhouse gas emissions, which were estimated at 500,000 metric tons in 2012, but every bit helps, city environmental officials have said. Barbara Henry, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Encinitas gives initial approval to gas-powered, leaf-blower ban," 20 June 2019 An estimated 14,700 troops on active duty and in the reserves identify as transgender, but not all seek treatment. CBS News, "House votes to block Trump's military transgender ban," 19 June 2019 The county finance director said in a June 12 letter that the total project cost is estimated at $375 million, including bond issue costs and reimbursement of architectural fees already incurred. Christina Hall, Detroit Free Press, "What you need to know about proposed Macomb County Jail project," 19 June 2019 In February, customs agents seized 3,200 pounds (1,451 kilograms) at the Port of New York and New Jersey with a street value estimated at $77 million. Matt Rourke, Twin Cities, "33K pounds of cocaine seized in one of biggest US drug busts," 19 June 2019 Giving by individuals fell an estimated 3.4%, after adjusting for inflation, last year, according to a report released Tuesday by Giving USA. Laura Davison / Bloomberg, Time, "President Trump's Tax Law Has Made Americans Less Generous, Charities Say," 18 June 2019 The extradition proposal ignited a series of mass protests over the past 10 days, including a rally on Sunday that organizers said drew almost two million people to the streets, twice the organizers’ estimated turnout at the previous week’s rally. Natasha Khan, WSJ, "Hong Kong Leader Carrie Lam Makes Apology, Puts Contested Law On Ice," 18 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Pentagon lawyers are typically involved in casualty and collateral damage estimates, charged with considering the worst possible outcome. Peter Baker, New York Times, "Urged to Launch an Attack, Trump Listened to the Skeptics Who Said It Would Be a Costly Mistake," 21 June 2019 The new poverty estimates, by Carla Medalia from the Census Bureau and Bruce Meyer from the University of Chicago, tell a rather different story. The Economist, "How many Americans live on $2 a day?," 20 June 2019 The $22 billion statewide estimate, the report states, represents just about 10 percent to 15 percent of the total cost of addressing chronic flooding and seawater inundation. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Paying the toll on sea level rise," 20 June 2019 The information, which draws on census surveys as well as other government data sources, provides new numbers for 2018 as well as updating estimates from previous years, going back to the last decennial census in 2010. Meghan Kelly, chicagotribune.com, "Chicago-area counties grow older and less white, new census data shows," 19 June 2019 However, all of these assumptions are estimates, and not actually firsthand observations -- for now. Aj Willingham, CNN, "Astronomers have found two new planets that could potentially support life," 19 June 2019 There were no immediate crowd estimates, but local leaders' expectations of at least a half-million people appeared to be spot on. Jim Salter, baltimoresun.com, "Fans pack downtown St. Louis to cheer on the champion Blues," 15 June 2019 According to some estimates, more than half of the power used for bitcon resides in China, which still relies heavily on coal for electricity. CBS News, "Bitcoin emits as much carbon as Las Vegas, researchers say," 13 June 2019 By most estimates, three out of five maternal deaths are preventable. John Archibald | Jarchibald@al.com, al.com, "The myth of the Southern mama is a lie," 13 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'estimate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of estimate

Verb

circa 1532, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1552, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for estimate

Verb

Latin aestimatus, past participle of aestimare to value, estimate

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Statistics for estimate

Last Updated

24 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for estimate

The first known use of estimate was circa 1532

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More Definitions for estimate

estimate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : to make an estimate of (something)

estimate

noun

English Language Learners Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

: a guess that you make based on the information you have about the size, amount, etc., of something
: a statement about how much a job will cost
: an opinion or judgment about how good or bad something is

estimate

verb
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-ˌmāt How to pronounce estimate (audio) \
estimated; estimating

Kids Definition of estimate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to give or form a general idea of (as the value, size, or cost of something)

estimate

noun
es·​ti·​mate | \ ˈe-stə-mət How to pronounce estimate (audio) \

Kids Definition of estimate (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an opinion or judgment especially of the value or quality of something In my estimate, the product is poorly made.
2 : an approximation of the size or cost of something

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More from Merriam-Webster on estimate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with estimate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for estimate

Spanish Central: Translation of estimate

Nglish: Translation of estimate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of estimate for Arabic Speakers

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