eradicate

verb
erad·​i·​cate | \ i-ˈra-də-ˌkāt How to pronounce eradicate (audio) \
eradicated; eradicating

Definition of eradicate

transitive verb

1 : to do away with as completely as if by pulling up by the roots programs to eradicate illiteracy
2 : to pull up by the roots

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Other Words from eradicate

eradicable \ i-​ˈra-​di-​kə-​bəl How to pronounce eradicable (audio) \ adjective
eradication \ i-​ˌra-​də-​ˈkā-​shən How to pronounce eradication (audio) \ noun
eradicator \ i-​ˈra-​di-​ˌkā-​tər How to pronounce eradicator (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for eradicate

exterminate, extirpate, eradicate, uproot mean to effect the destruction or abolition of something. exterminate implies complete and immediate extinction by killing off all individuals. exterminate cockroaches extirpate implies extinction of a race, family, species, or sometimes an idea or doctrine by destruction or removal of its means of propagation. many species have been extirpated from the area eradicate implies the driving out or elimination of something that has established itself. a campaign to eradicate illiteracy uproot implies a forcible or violent removal and stresses displacement or dislodgment rather than immediate destruction. the war uprooted thousands

The Root of Eradicate Is, Literally, Root

Given that eradicate first meant "to pull up by the roots," it's not surprising that the root of eradicate is, in fact, "root." Eradicate, which first turned up in English in the 16th century, comes from eradicatus, the past participle of the Latin verb eradicare. Eradicare, in turn, can be traced back to the Latin word radix, meaning "root" or "radish." Although eradicate began life as a word for literal uprooting, by the mid-17th century it had developed a metaphorical application to removing things the way one might yank an undesirable weed up by the roots. Other descendants of radix in English include radical and radish. Even the word root itself is related; it comes from the same ancient word that gave Latin radix.

Examples of eradicate in a Sentence

The disease has now been completely eradicated. His ambition is to eradicate poverty in his community.

Recent Examples on the Web

In 2017 Mr Macron all but eradicated the Socialists on the left. The Economist, "France’s Republican party faces extinction," 29 June 2019 In some editions June 21, a U.S. News article about a California bill regarding medical exemptions from vaccines incorrectly said that measles was declared eradicated. WSJ, "Corrections & Amplifications," 27 June 2019 About half of that ordnance fell on German targets, eradicating Nazi war infrastructure and killing more than 400,000 German civilians. The Washington Post, The Mercury News, "Massive blast leaves crater in German barley field," 25 June 2019 An elfin-looking man with a scraggly beard and a penchant for robes, Schacknow declared himself an oracle of God, sent to save mankind by eradicating all evil from the Earth. Chris Harris, PEOPLE.com, "Inside a Connecticut Sex Cult Overseen By a Man Who Claimed to Be Jesus," 24 June 2019 The Susitna River Coalition is among the participants in a task force aimed at eradicating elodea from the Mat-Su Valley. Author: Elizabeth Earl, Anchorage Daily News, "Invasive elodea prompts closure of Susitna Valley lakes," 20 June 2019 President Trump, for his part, has also sworn to try and cure cancer as well as eradicate HIV/AIDS. Sy Mukherjee, Fortune, "Google, Pharma Giant Sanofi Team Up to Discover Drugs: Brainstorm Health," 19 June 2019 But eradicating disinformation campaigns was tricky in the elections, which were spread across 28 countries and 24 official languages. Adam Satariano, New York Times, "Russia Sought to Use Social Media to Influence E.U. Vote, Report Finds," 14 June 2019 But eradicating disinformation campaigns was tricky in the elections, which were spread across 28 countries and 24 official languages. Adam Satariano, BostonGlobe.com, "Russia sought to use social media to influence EU vote, report finds," 14 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'eradicate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of eradicate

1532, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for eradicate

Latin eradicatus, past participle of eradicare, from e- + radic-, radix root — more at root

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Dictionary Entries near eradicate

ERA

eradiate

eradicant

eradicate

eradicative

Eragrostis

eranthemum

Statistics for eradicate

Last Updated

7 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for eradicate

The first known use of eradicate was in 1532

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More Definitions for eradicate

eradicate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of eradicate

formal : to remove (something) completely : to eliminate or destroy (something harmful)

eradicate

verb
erad·​i·​cate | \ i-ˈra-də-ˌkāt How to pronounce eradicate (audio) \
eradicated; eradicating

Kids Definition of eradicate

: to destroy completely The disease has been eradicated.

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