dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : marked by usually continuous and productive activity or change a dynamic city
b : energetic, forceful a dynamic personality

2 or less commonly dynamical \ dī-​ˈna-​mi-​kəl How to pronounce dynamical (audio) \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics (see dynamics)
3 of random-access memory : requiring periodic table refreshment of charge in order to retain data



Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a dynamic force (see dynamic entry 1)
2 : dynamics sense 2 also : an underlying cause of change or growth

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Other Words from dynamic


dynamically \ dī-​ˈna-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce dynamically (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for dynamic

Synonyms: Adjective

energetic, flush, gingery, lusty, peppy, red-blooded, robust, vigorous, vital

Antonyms: Adjective

dull, lethargic, listless, sluggish, torpid

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Examples of dynamic in a Sentence


… tournament blackjack is more dynamic, and more complex, than simply playing against the house. — Michael Kaplan, Cigar Aficionado, December 2002 Indeed, one of the most dynamic influences on family life and society in the last century was the extension of concepts to individual worth and human rights. — Perdita Huston, Ms., December 2001/January 2002 The new dynamic duo have little in common but a bright orange ball. — Stephen Rodrick, ESPN, 3 Apr. 2000 an exciting and dynamic performance the dynamic theory of heat


… the high-tech world is, at heart, a cruel, unforgiving place ruled by the merciless dynamics of the marketplace. — Michiko Kakutani, New York Times, 27 June 2002 … my memory of specific events is sketchy, but the general emotional flavor is engraved on my mind as a classic example of my family's bent dynamic. — Florence King, National Review, 15 Oct. 2001 … the Cambrian Explosion, created the evolutionary dynamic that produced most of the species that subsequently populated the earth, from insects and fish to dinosaurs and humans. — J. Madeleine Nash, Time, 20 Aug. 2001 Raisons d'état, not the dynamics of capitalism, created the American thrust for world influence. — Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Cycles of American History, 1986 the dynamic between a doctor and a patient Group dynamics are important to consider. The dynamics of this class are different from those of other classes. Disease was a central dynamic in the decrease in population. a study on famine and population dynamics
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Matt Grzelcyk can slide in with his old BU partner, McAvoy, to give the Bruins a more dynamic look. Matt Porter, BostonGlobe.com, "Projecting the 2019-20 Bruins depth chart: mid-July edition," 18 July 2019 Officials said young professionals prefer diverse housing styles in more urban settings because the higher density can make neighborhoods more dynamic. John Tuohy, Indianapolis Star, "Noblesville developers are moving away from single-family homes," 16 July 2019 That's because, dynamic and aesthetic offenses aside, the Gladiator is a damn riot. Ezra Dyer, Popular Mechanics, "The Jeep Gladiator Has No Competition," 10 July 2019 Nowadays, Camp Flog Gnaw tends to offer some of the most dynamic and compelling lineups, which feel at once timely and forward-looking and, occasionally, reverential. Briana Younger, The New Yorker, "The Quest for the Next Great Hip-Hop Festival," 10 July 2019 First, a strong bond built over time results in more dynamic communication than a consistent response to one-way commands without the deeper connection. Anchorage Daily News, "What do you do with bird dogs in the off-season? Love them, play with them, get to know them.," 9 July 2019 All face an uncertain global environment and need the boost that closer and more dynamic continental trade relations could deliver. Danny Bradlow, Quartz Africa, "After the free trade agreement, we need to focus on realizing the African Monetary Fund," 6 July 2019 Biggest idea for the economy: Increase public protections of jobs and benefits to help make the employment market more dynamic without the fear of personal debt tied to college loans and medical bills. Quartz Staff, Quartz, "Meet all the Democratic candidates in the crowded 2020 race," 24 June 2019 California’s Monterey Bay is one of the more pure, more dynamic coastal ecosystems on Earth. Matt Simon, WIRED, "Monterey Bay Is a Natural Wonder—Poisoned With Microplastic," 6 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Getty ImagesMichael Kovac Kaley Cuoco and Jim Parsons have a sweet dynamic on their hit show The Big Bang Theory, now in its last season, as snarky friends Penny and Sheldon. Katherine J. Igoe, Marie Claire, "Kaley Cuoco's 33rd Birthday Celebrations Were Ruined by Jim Parsons," 30 Nov. 2018 But that singular relationship comes with a very specific power dynamic. Megan Thielking, STAT, "Sexual harassment is rampant in science — and current policies aren’t cutting it, landmark report finds," 12 June 2018 But despite the strange things that keep happening, the other adults remain shockingly ignorant, including Mike’s mom Karen (Cara Buono) who's busy flirting with Max’s stepbrother Billy (Dacre Montgomery) a dynamic that began at the end of Season 2. Kelly Lawler, USA TODAY, "Review: ‘Stranger Things’ reinvents itself for a stellar Season 3," 30 June 2019 According to The Atlantic, the women on-stage were much more likely to speak only when directly addressed by the moderators, which speaks to a very clear gender dynamic. Tiffany Diane Tso, refinery29.com, ""It's My Turn": Biden & Bernie Couldn't Stop Interrupting Everyone," 28 June 2019 Leonardo Bonucci will be Sarri's new Kalidou Koulibaly or David Luiz - the ball-playing machine who gives the team a new dynamic. SI.com, "How Juventus Could Lineup Under Maurizio Sarri Next Season," 18 June 2019 The Veronicas definitely has a different dynamic than most bands. Alex Blynn, Billboard, "The Veronicas Return to Music: 'Life Led Us Back Together Again'," 14 June 2019 Kidd said Freitas’s challenge to Hanger fits a dynamic that has been at work for many years — a Republican establishment figure targeted by a challenger to his right. Washington Post, "Virginians vote Tuesday in primary elections that highlight tensions within parties," 11 June 2019 Embracing this may lead to a reconception of the basic biology of infection and immunity as a time-sensitive dynamic that varies with the hour of the day. Quanta Magazine, "The Body’s Clock Offers a Rhythmic Target to Viruses," 30 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dynamic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dynamic


1744, in the meaning defined at sense 2a


1868, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for dynamic

Adjective and Noun

French dynamique, from Greek dynamikos powerful, from dynamis power, from dynasthai to be able

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Statistics for dynamic

Last Updated

21 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for dynamic

The first known use of dynamic was in 1744

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More Definitions for dynamic



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: always active or changing
: having or showing a lot of energy
technical : of or relating to energy, motion, or physical force



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

: the way that two or more people behave with each other because of a particular situation
: something that causes change or growth in something else
technical : the science that studies motion and the forces that cause or stop motion


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Kids Definition of dynamic

: always active, energetic, or changing a dynamic city


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈnam-ik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Medical Definition of dynamic

1 also dynamical \ -​i-​kəl How to pronounce dynamical (audio) \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics
2 : functional sense 1b a dynamic disease
3a : marked by continuous usually productive activity or change a dynamic population
b : marked by energy or forcefulness a dynamic personality

Other Words from dynamic

dynamically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce dynamically (audio) \ adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on dynamic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with dynamic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for dynamic

Spanish Central: Translation of dynamic

Nglish: Translation of dynamic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of dynamic for Arabic Speakers

Comments on dynamic

What made you want to look up dynamic? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


something desired as essential

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