dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : marked by usually continuous and productive activity or change a dynamic city
b : energetic, forceful a dynamic personality

2 or less commonly dynamical \ dī-​ˈna-​mi-​kəl How to pronounce dynamical (audio) \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics (see dynamics)
3 of random-access memory : requiring periodic table refreshment of charge in order to retain data



Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a dynamic force (see dynamic entry 1)
2 : dynamics sense 2 also : an underlying cause of change or growth

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Other Words from dynamic


dynamically \ dī-​ˈna-​mi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce dynamically (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for dynamic

Synonyms: Adjective

energetic, flush, gingery, lusty, peppy, red-blooded, robust, vigorous, vital

Antonyms: Adjective

dull, lethargic, listless, sluggish, torpid

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Examples of dynamic in a Sentence


… tournament blackjack is more dynamic, and more complex, than simply playing against the house. — Michael Kaplan, Cigar Aficionado, December 2002 Indeed, one of the most dynamic influences on family life and society in the last century was the extension of concepts to individual worth and human rights. — Perdita Huston, Ms., December 2001/January 2002 The new dynamic duo have little in common but a bright orange ball. — Stephen Rodrick, ESPN, 3 Apr. 2000 an exciting and dynamic performance the dynamic theory of heat


… the high-tech world is, at heart, a cruel, unforgiving place ruled by the merciless dynamics of the marketplace. — Michiko Kakutani, New York Times, 27 June 2002 … my memory of specific events is sketchy, but the general emotional flavor is engraved on my mind as a classic example of my family's bent dynamic. — Florence King, National Review, 15 Oct. 2001 … the Cambrian Explosion, created the evolutionary dynamic that produced most of the species that subsequently populated the earth, from insects and fish to dinosaurs and humans. — J. Madeleine Nash, Time, 20 Aug. 2001 Raisons d'état, not the dynamics of capitalism, created the American thrust for world influence. — Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., The Cycles of American History, 1986 the dynamic between a doctor and a patient Group dynamics are important to consider. The dynamics of this class are different from those of other classes. Disease was a central dynamic in the decrease in population. a study on famine and population dynamics
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

How socio-economically, culturally, and in terms of societal hierarchy, there was a very specific dynamic in place that enabled revolution. Chloe Foussianes, Town & Country, "David Oyelowo on Javert's Tragic Suicide in Les Misérables," 20 May 2019 Your warm-up should be at least five minutes long and incorporate dynamic movements, not static stretching. SELF, "Core and Cardio Burner," 28 Apr. 2019 What conservatism seeks to accomplish through that reconfiguration of the old and absorption of the new is to make privilege popular, to transform a tottering old regime into a dynamic, ideologically coherent movement of the masses. Ezra Klein, Vox, "The rise of YouTube’s reactionary right," 24 Sep. 2018 Our star provides the energy for all the dynamic movement of the solar system, enabling life itself—but that energy could just as easily wipe us out in a flash of fire and fury. Jay Bennett, Popular Mechanics, "The New Science of the Sun Will Be Astounding—And Possibly Terrifying," 9 Aug. 2018 That's why teams need to need to be dynamic, and urgent. Greg Cote, miamiherald, "Jeter impatient for Marlins to win? It will take bold action, but here's what he can do | Miami Herald," 18 May 2018 What’s more, studies have shown that dynamic warmup movements can help improve performance and may prevent injuries. Elizabeth Carey, Outside Online, "How to Warm Up for a Run," 10 May 2018 Behind the judging podium this week is legendary designer Jamie Bush, who's known for a style that blurs the lines between architecture and interior design, resulting in a dynamic, modern aesthetic. Lucia Tonelli, ELLE Decor, "Watch the Drabbest Rooms Become Fab on Best Room Wins Episode Three," 16 May 2019 For one, her Fenty Beauty brand continues to crush the makeup game with a slew of dynamic, shade-inclusive products. Abby Gardner, Glamour, "Of Course Rihanna Performed Her Own Song at Karaoke Last Night," 3 Apr. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Besides the issues of food swamps and deserts, there’s the way that factory farming of animals contributes to dynamics that harm communities, especially communities of color. Amy Quichiz, SELF, "10 Vegans of Color on What Being Vegan Means to Them," 6 Jan. 2019 Still, Ray said there are parallels in Mississippi to the political dynamics in the 2017 Alabama special election runoff, when Jones, a former federal prosecutor, defeated Moore, a former state Supreme Court chief justice. Emily Wagster Pettus, The Seattle Times, "Democrats eye US Senate seat in Republican-led Mississippi," 13 Nov. 2018 Experts say the way global warming worsens wildfires comes down to the basic dynamics of fire. Seth Borenstein, Fox News, "Science Says: 'The warmer it is, the more fire we see'," 19 Aug. 2018 So Tomasevic, not afraid to ask for help, turned to James Felton, a corporate consultant for the Table Group, to analyze what was and wasn't working in team dynamics and leadership. Jeff Metcalfe, azcentral, "ASU volleyball turns to corporate consultant for help after winless Pac-12 season," 30 June 2018 Yet, the adoption of music and video streaming as a primary entertainment format is gradually reshaping the local industry's power dynamics. Cherie Hu, Billboard, "India Beyond Bollywood: How YouTube & Other Streaming Services Are Rewiring the Local Music Industry," 25 June 2018 This new attention to societal dynamics helped replace the notion of Egypt’s societal weakness with a more nuanced understanding of its latent potential for broad mobilization. Benedict Robin, Washington Post, "Why everyone failed to predict the leftist-Islamist alliance that won Iraq’s 2018 elections," 7 June 2018 What do these potential changes mean to the family’s dynamics? Family Caregiver Alliance, sandiegouniontribune.com, "How to decide where mom and dad should live," 9 May 2018 But there’s nothing constructive in what-aboutism, and holding Colangelo at fault betrays a misunderstanding of the power dynamics in play. David Murphy, Philly.com, "Markelle Fultz's summer-league decision with Sixers will show if he is listening to the right people | David Murphy," 29 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dynamic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of dynamic


1744, in the meaning defined at sense 2a


1868, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for dynamic

Adjective and Noun

French dynamique, from Greek dynamikos powerful, from dynamis power, from dynasthai to be able

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Statistics for dynamic

Last Updated

9 Jun 2019

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Time Traveler for dynamic

The first known use of dynamic was in 1744

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More Definitions for dynamic



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: always active or changing
: having or showing a lot of energy
technical : of or relating to energy, motion, or physical force



English Language Learners Definition of dynamic (Entry 2 of 2)

: the way that two or more people behave with each other because of a particular situation
: something that causes change or growth in something else
technical : the science that studies motion and the forces that cause or stop motion


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈna-mik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Kids Definition of dynamic

: always active, energetic, or changing a dynamic city


dy·​nam·​ic | \ dī-ˈnam-ik How to pronounce dynamic (audio) \

Medical Definition of dynamic

1 also dynamical \ -​i-​kəl How to pronounce dynamical (audio) \

a : of or relating to physical force or energy
b : of or relating to dynamics
2 : functional sense 1b a dynamic disease
3a : marked by continuous usually productive activity or change a dynamic population
b : marked by energy or forcefulness a dynamic personality

Other Words from dynamic

dynamically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce dynamically (audio) \ adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on dynamic

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with dynamic

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for dynamic

Spanish Central: Translation of dynamic

Nglish: Translation of dynamic for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of dynamic for Arabic Speakers

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