discrimination

noun
dis·​crim·​i·​na·​tion | \dis-ˌkri-mə-ˈnā-shən \

Definition of discrimination 

1a : prejudiced or prejudicial outlook, action, or treatment racial discrimination

b : the act, practice, or an instance of discriminating categorically rather than individually

2 : the quality or power of finely distinguishing the film viewed by those with discrimination

3a : the act of making or perceiving a difference : the act of discriminating a bloodhound's scent discrimination

b psychology : the process by which two stimuli differing in some aspect are responded to differently

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Other Words from discrimination

discriminational \ -​shnəl , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for discrimination

discernment, discrimination, perception, penetration, insight, acumen mean a power to see what is not evident to the average mind. discernment stresses accuracy (as in reading character or motives or appreciating art). the discernment to know true friends discrimination stresses the power to distinguish and select what is true or appropriate or excellent. the discrimination that develops through listening to a lot of great music perception implies quick and often sympathetic discernment (as of shades of feeling). a novelist of keen perception into human motives penetration implies a searching mind that goes beyond what is obvious or superficial. lacks the penetration to see the scorn beneath their friendly smiles insight suggests depth of discernment coupled with understanding sympathy. a documentary providing insight into the plight of the homeless acumen implies characteristic penetration combined with keen practical judgment. a director of reliable box-office acumen

Discriminating Among Meanings of Discrimination

Discrimination has senses with neutral, positive, and negative connotations. On the one hand, it can refer to "the act (or power) of distinguishing" or to "good taste, refinement." These meanings, sometimes reinforced with modifiers (as in a fine or a nice discrimination), stress an ability to perceive differences as an index of unusual intelligence. On the other hand, when the perception of difference is marked by invidious distinction or hostility, the word (often followed by against) takes on very negative overtones, as in the senses "act of discriminating categorically rather than individually" (discrimination against women, age discrimination) and "a prejudiced outlook or course of action" (racial discrimination). The original, neutral sense of discrimination, "the act of distinguishing," came into English by the early 17th century, followed by the positive one associated with superior discernment in the 18th century. Discrimination in the "prejudice" sense has been in use since the early 19th century, almost 200 years ago.

Examples of discrimination in a Sentence

The law prohibits discrimination in hiring. He sued the company for age discrimination. the animal's impressive scent discrimination
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Recent Examples on the Web

The Human Rights Campaign, a national equality advocacy group, released the poll in December 2017 showing 60 percent of respondents want to ban employment discrimination against people who are LGBT. Zahra Ahmad, azcentral, "'Scottsdale for All' hopes to spread inclusiveness," 13 July 2018 This is also a sort-of reference to the Bible, though more to an old, racist theological concept extrapolated by some Christians from the text, used to justify slavery and discrimination against dark-skinned people. Alissa Wilkinson, Vox, "What two fictional Gileads can teach us about America in 2018," 12 July 2018 Black females begin to outnumber black males by age 16, Judice writes, partly as a result of high mortality and incarceration rates that Judice said result from systematic discrimination against black males. Heidi Stevens, chicagotribune.com, "Northwestern professor wants black women to look for love outside their race," 12 July 2018 The department has been dogged by lawsuits and complaints alleging discrimination against women and minorities for years. Justin Jouvenal, Washington Post, "Fairfax County hires new fire chief amid department turmoil," 11 July 2018 The commission also cited the Americans with Disabilities Act, a law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Hannah Holzer And Cathie Anderson, sacbee, "EEOC alleges Dignity Health violated disabilities act in firing worker with vision loss," 11 July 2018 Moreover, McGhee and Ifill wrote that the April arrests of Donte Robinson and Rashon Nelson had to be framed within the broader context of the historical discrimination against black people in public spaces. Washington Post, BostonGlobe.com, "Starbucks has more work to do, outside review says," 2 July 2018 The evidence for Harvard’s alleged discrimination against Asian students assumes that the role of a university is to attract and train the brightest students. WSJ, "About Harvard’s Asian-American Applicants," 1 July 2018 Since its first run on Broadway in 1993, Angels in America has been praised for its depiction of AIDS and discrimination against the LGBTQ+ community. Claire Dodson, Teen Vogue, "Andrew Garfield References Supreme Court Baker Decision During Tony Speech," 11 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'discrimination.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of discrimination

1621, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

History and Etymology for discrimination

see discriminate

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Last Updated

3 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for discrimination

The first known use of discrimination was in 1621

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More Definitions for discrimination

discrimination

noun

English Language Learners Definition of discrimination

: the practice of unfairly treating a person or group of people differently from other people or groups of people

: the ability to recognize the difference between things that are of good quality and those that are not

: the ability to understand that one thing is different from another thing

discrimination

noun
dis·​crim·​i·​na·​tion | \di-ˌskri-mə-ˈnā-shən \

Kids Definition of discrimination

1 : the practice of unfairly treating a person or group differently from other people or groups of people The law prohibits discrimination against the disabled.

2 : the ability to see differences Police use a dog's discrimination of smells.

discrimination

noun
dis·​crim·​i·​na·​tion | \dis-ˌkrim-ə-ˈnā-shən \

Medical Definition of discrimination 

: the process by which two stimuli differing in some aspect are responded to differently : differentiation

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