disarray

1 of 2

noun

dis·​ar·​ray ˌdis-ə-ˈrā How to pronounce disarray (audio)
1
: a lack of order or sequence : confusion, disorder
the room was in disarray
… the disarray of paper in the In-Out basket …Jackie Weger
2
: disorderly dress : dishabille

disarray

2 of 2

verb

disarrayed; disarraying; disarrays

transitive verb

1
: to throw into disorder
The discarded magazines and newspapers, the layers of dust and disarrayed rugs …Gloria Naylor
2

Examples of disarray in a Sentence

Noun The room was in disarray. The company has fallen into complete disarray. Verb he had accidentally disarrayed his brother's CDs, leaving a telltale sign of borrowing without permission
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Variety has been tracking four, which has thrown the category into disarray. Clayton Davis, Variety, 13 June 2024 Scientists have known since the 19th century that cancer can cause an inflammatory response that sends specialized immune cells into disarray. Charlotte Hu, Vox, 4 June 2024
Verb
Seen in a video that moves through the abandoned and disarrayed hallways of the pediatric intensive care unit at Al-Nasr Children’s Hospital in northern Gaza were several babies whose unattended bodies lay on separate hospital beds. Yasmine Salam, NBC News, 2 Dec. 2023 Hybrid data is here to stay, so don’t let data disarray slow innovation or undermine smart business decision making. Ram Venkatesh, Forbes, 10 Aug. 2022 See all Example Sentences for disarray 

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'disarray.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English disaraye, disaray "disorder, broken military formation," borrowed from Anglo-French dissairay, noun derivative of desaraier "to mishandle, throw into disorder" — more at disarray entry 2

Verb

Middle English disarraien "to break up (a military formation), throw into disorder," borrowed from Anglo-French desaraier "to mishandle, throw into disorder," from des- dis- + arraier, arreyer, aroier "to arrange, order, marshal, equip, attire" — more at array entry 1

First Known Use

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of disarray was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near disarray

Cite this Entry

“Disarray.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/disarray. Accessed 21 Jun. 2024.

Kids Definition

disarray

1 of 2 noun
dis·​ar·​ray ˌdis-ə-ˈrā How to pronounce disarray (audio)
1
: a lack of order : confusion, disorder
the room was in disarray
2
: disorderly dress

disarray

2 of 2 verb
: to throw into disorder

More from Merriam-Webster on disarray

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