1

differential

play
adjective dif·fer·en·tial \ ˌdi-fə-ˈren(t)-shəl \

Definition of differential

1 a :of, relating to, or constituting a difference :distinguishing
  • differential characteristics
b :making a distinction between individuals or classes
  • differential tax rates
c :based on or resulting from a differential
d :functioning or proceeding differently or at a different rate
  • differential melting
2 mathematics :being, relating to, or involving a differential (see 2differential 1) or differentiation
3 physics
a :relating to quantitative differences (as of motion or pressure)
b :producing effects by reason of quantitative differences

differentially

play \-ˈren(t)-shə-lē\ adverb

Examples of differential in a Sentence

  1. did away with differential pay scales for men and women doing the same work

Recent Examples of differential from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'differential.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of differential


2

differential

noun

Definition of differential

1 mathematics
a :the product (see product 1) of the derivative of a function of one variable by the increment of the independent variable
b :a sum of products in which each product consists of a partial derivative of a given function of several variables multiplied by the corresponding increment and which contains as many products as there are independent variables in the function
2 :a difference between comparable individuals or classes
  • a price differential
; also :the amount of such a difference
3 a :a drivetrain gear assembly connecting two collinear shafts or axles (such as those of the rear wheels of an automobile) and permitting one shaft to revolve faster than the other
  • a locking rear differential
b :a case covering such an assembly

Recent Examples of differential from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'differential.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of differential

Other Mechanical Engineering Terms


DIFFERENTIAL Defined for English Language Learners

differential

play
adjective

Definition of differential for English Language Learners

  • : relating to or based on a difference : treating some people or groups differently from others


differential

noun

Definition of differential for English Language Learners

  • : a difference between people or things

  • : a gear or an arrangement of gears in a vehicle that allows one wheel to turn faster than another when the vehicle is going around a curve


Medical Dictionary

differential

play
adjective dif·fer·en·tial \ ˌdif-ə-ˈren-chəl \

medical Definition of differential

1 :of, relating to, or constituting a difference
  • differential birth rates in different economic levels
2 :making a distinction between individuals or classes
  • differential cell counts
  • differential staining

differentially

play \-ˈrench-(ə-)lē\ adverb


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