derelict

adjective
der·​e·​lict | \ˈder-ə-ˌlikt, ˈde-rə-\

Definition of derelict 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : abandoned especially by the owner or occupant derelict warehouses also : run-down a derelict neighborhood

2 : lacking a sense of duty : negligent derelict in his duty derelict landlords

derelict

noun

Definition of derelict (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : something voluntarily abandoned especially : a ship abandoned on the high seas

b geology : a tract of land left dry by receding water

2 : a destitute homeless social misfit : vagrant, bum

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Derelict Has Latin Roots

Adjective

The Latin verb relinquere left behind a few English derivatives. This word, itself meaning "to leave behind," is the root of our "derelict." Something derelict has been left behind, or at least appears that way. In another sense, someone derelict leaves behind or neglects his or her duties or obligations. Another descendent of "relinquere" is relinquish, meaning "to leave behind, "to give up," or "to release." "Relic" is another example of a word that ultimately comes from "relinquere." "Relics," in the original sense of the term, referred to things treasured for their association with a saint or martyr - that is, objects saints and martyrs had left behind.

Examples of derelict in a Sentence

Adjective

The officer was charged with being derelict in his duty. the guards were judged derelict in their duty

Noun

It was a run-down neighborhood filled with drugs addicts and derelicts. a section of the city that seemed to be frequented mostly by derelicts
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Neighbors in Airport Heights found a welcome sight Thursday: An excavator in the driveway of a empty, derelict house that had been attracting squatters and other problems. Devin Kelly, Anchorage Daily News, "An abandoned home is sold. An Anchorage neighborhood rejoices.," 29 June 2018 Windows were broken in the house, the kitchen ceiling was collapsing and outside, several pieces of derelict farm equipment sat rusting. John Maccormack, San Antonio Express-News, "Old American colony in Mexico clings to its past," 18 May 2018 The property was so derelict auction attendees were asked to sign a waiver before entering. Jessica Mudditt, CNN, "Would you pay $1.1M for this derelict Sydney house?," 18 Apr. 2018 Dozens of new restaurants and shops are opening; residential construction projects break ground regularly; once-derelict high-rises downtown have filled up with a new generation of workers. John Gallagher, Detroit Free Press, "Hudson's site project: Your questions answered," 18 Jan. 2018 And no president should be so derelict in duty of protecting our country, right? NBC News, "Meet the Press -February 18, 2018," 18 Feb. 2018 Law enforcement plays a pivotal role in enforcing the law, a duty the Marion Police Department has been decidedly derelict in upholding in this case. Kirsten West Savali, The Root, "Texas Woman Charged With Yelling Racist Slurs at Interracial Couple, Smashing Their Car Windows," 1 Feb. 2018 This little project is the brainstorm of local Klan leader and unreconstructed racist Tom Griffin (Tom Wilkinson), who presides over frequent gatherings of young acolytes whose violent and derelict behavior Griffin actively encourages. Todd Mccarthy, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Burden': Film Review | Sundance 2018," 22 Jan. 2018 That dream became a reality on Sept. 21st, 1991 when Ministry of Sound -- the U.K.'s first nightclub dedicated to house music, built on the site of a derelict bus garage/office car park -- opened its doors. Richard Smirke, Billboard, "Ministry of Sound's Justin Berkmann on the Vegas-ification of EDM and How Sony Gave His Club a 'New Lease on Life'," 14 Dec. 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The city began buying up nearly four dozen properties, including vacant lots and derelict buildings, through its redevelopment agency. New York Times, "After Years of Decline, a California Port City Sheds Its Past," 24 Apr. 2018 Where To Stay: Anda Andrei, who spent nearly 30 years as the chief of design for Ian Schrager, just transformed a derelict Salvation Army building into The Asbury, the first hotel to open in town in more than 50 years. Devin Alessio, ELLE Decor, "Weekend Getaway: Asbury Park, NJ," 31 July 2016 Details will be shared Tuesday at Ford's event celebrating its purchase of the derelict train depot last week, but said the station will be open for tours from Friday, June 22- Sunday, June 24. Detroit Free Press Staff, Detroit Free Press, "Here's your chance to get inside the Detroit train station," 17 June 2018 And yet Billy Bob Thornton is still there, as drunken lawyer Billy McBride, who’s now much, much richer after winning a huge verdict, but still living like a derelict. Ellen Gray, Philly.com, "Summer TV: Dragon-free but still plenty to see," 6 June 2018 Many were already among the country’s poorest, living in slums beside the derelict tracks. Eli Meixler / Phnom Penh, Time, "Riding the Rails: Phnom Penh's Airport Train Is a Milestone for Cambodia," 4 June 2018 Then all this activity is abandoned and Dean ends with stark images of the derelict enterprise: an empty garage with four stray office chairs; spirals of discarded film stock on a dusty bench; a dim corridor that ends with an arrow pointing nowhere. Peter Keough, BostonGlobe.com, "On the mat, on film, on his way, on the road," 5 July 2018 Aaron Harp was either complicit or derelict in allowing the alleged private meetings to occur. Hillary Davis, latimes.com, "New lawsuit ratchets up claims of open-meeting violations in Newport city manager’s looming exit," 6 June 2018 The derelict house sat on Sunrise Drive, on a prime lot on a bluff with views of the Chugach Mountains. Devin Kelly, Anchorage Daily News, "An abandoned home is sold. An Anchorage neighborhood rejoices.," 29 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'derelict.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of derelict

Adjective

1649, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1670, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for derelict

Adjective

Latin derelictus, past participle of derelinquere to abandon, from de- + relinquere to leave — more at relinquish

Noun

see derelict entry 1

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Statistics for derelict

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Time Traveler for derelict

The first known use of derelict was in 1649

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More Definitions for derelict

derelict

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of derelict

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: no longer cared for or used by anyone

: failing to do what should be done

derelict

noun

English Language Learners Definition of derelict (Entry 2 of 2)

: a person who has no money, job, home, etc.

derelict

adjective
der·​e·​lict | \ˈder-ə-ˌlikt \

Kids Definition of derelict

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : abandoned by the owner or occupant

2 : in poor condition : run-down a derelict old building

3 : failing to do what should be done They were derelict in their duties.

derelict

noun

Kids Definition of derelict (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : something abandoned (as a boat)

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Comments on derelict

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