dehydrogenase

noun

de·​hy·​dro·​ge·​nase ˌdē-(ˌ)hī-ˈdrä-jə-ˌnās How to pronounce dehydrogenase (audio)
(ˌ)dē-ˈhī-drə-jə-,
-ˌnāz
: an enzyme that accelerates the removal of hydrogen from metabolites and its transfer to other substances compare succinate dehydrogenase

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web Ethanol undergoes a biochemical reaction that produces acetaldehyde, which is then broken down by another enzyme called aldehyde dehydrogenase and excreted from the body. Michele Cohen Marill, Wired, 5 Oct. 2021 Another target is a protein called dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH). Robert F. Service, Science | AAAS, 11 Mar. 2021 In the kidneys, glycyrrhetinic acid derivatives hamper a critical enzyme called 11β‐hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2, or 11βHSD2, which converts the steroid hormone cortisol to cortisone. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, 25 Sep. 2020 The liver uses enzymes, including one called alcohol dehydrogenase, to transform ethanol from a mild toxin into a harmless chemical called acetate. Carrie Arnold, National Geographic, 19 Aug. 2020 The liver also uses alcohol dehydrogenase to break down methanol—and that’s where the problems start. Carrie Arnold, National Geographic, 19 Aug. 2020 Eating first may be even more important for women, who are thought to have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), the enzyme that primarily breaks down alcohol, in their stomachs. Lindzi Wessel, Popular Science, 30 Dec. 2019 For example, the enzyme cellobiose dehydrogenase from the fungus Phanerochaete sordida can break down sugars and generate electrical current when stuck onto carbon tubes only nanometers (billionths of a meter) wide. Charles Q. Choi, Washington Post, 9 June 2018 For example, the enzyme cellobiose dehydrogenase from the fungus Phanerochaete sordida can break down sugars and generate electrical current when stuck onto carbon tubes only nanometers (billionths of a meter) wide. Charles Q. Choi, Washington Post, 9 June 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'dehydrogenase.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

International Scientific Vocabulary

First Known Use

1923, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of dehydrogenase was in 1923

Dictionary Entries Near dehydrogenase

Cite this Entry

“Dehydrogenase.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dehydrogenase. Accessed 1 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

dehydrogenase

noun

de·​hy·​dro·​ge·​nase ˌdē-(ˌ)hī-ˈdräj-ə-ˌnās How to pronounce dehydrogenase (audio)
(ˈ)dē-ˈhī-drə-jə-
: an enzyme that speeds up the removal and transfer of hydrogen

Medical Definition

dehydrogenase

noun

de·​hy·​dro·​ge·​nase ˌdē-(ˌ)hī-ˈdräj-ə-ˌnās How to pronounce dehydrogenase (audio) (ˈ)dē-ˈhī-drə-jə- How to pronounce dehydrogenase (audio)
-ˌnāz
: an enzyme that accelerates the removal of hydrogen from metabolites and its transfer to other substances see alcohol dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase
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