conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Definition of conjunction

1 : an uninflected linguistic form that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words Some common conjunctions are "and," "but," and "although."
2 : the act or an instance of conjoining : the state of being conjoined : combination working in conjunction with state and local authorities
3 : occurrence together in time or space : concurrence a conjunction of events
4a : the apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
b : a configuration in which two celestial bodies have their least apparent separation a conjunction of Mars and Jupiter
5 : a complex sentence in logic true if and only if each of its components is true — see Truth Table

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Other Words from conjunction

conjunctional \ kən-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​shnəl How to pronounce conjunctional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
conjunctionally adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for conjunction

Synonyms

confluence, convergence, convergency, meeting

Antonyms

divergence

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What is a conjunction?

Conjunctions are words that join together other words or groups of words.

A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal importance. The main coordinating conjunctions are and, or, and but.

They bought apples, pears, and oranges.

You can wait either on the steps or in the car.

The paintings are pleasant but bland.

When placed at the beginning of a sentence, a coordinating conjunction may also link two sentences or paragraphs.

The preparations were complete. But where were the guests?

She told him that he would have to work to earn her trust. And he proceeded to do just that.

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause (a clause that does not form a simple sentence by itself) and joins it to a main clause (a clause that can be used as a simple sentence by itself).

She waited until they were seated.

It had been quiet since the children left.

Some conjunctions are used in pairs. The most common pairs are either ... or, both ... and, neither ... nor, and not only ... but (also).

They could either continue searching or go to the police.

Both Clara and Jeanette graduated from Stanford.

He could neither sing nor dance.

Not only the money but also the jewelry had been found.

Some adverbs, such as afterwards, consequently, for example, however, nonetheless, and therefore, act like conjunctions by linking either two main clauses separated by a semicolon, or two separate sentences. They express some effect that the first clause or sentence has on the second one.

They didn't agree; however, each understood the other's opinion.

We'll probably regret it; still, we really have no choice.

The team has won its last three games. Thus, its record for the year is now 15-12.

Examples of conjunction in a Sentence

Some common conjunctions are “and,” “but,” and “although.” the conjunction of the two major highways creates a massive influx of cars into the city

Recent Examples on the Web

Alaskans will find the answers to these and many more health and wellness questions at HealthU, a free event presented by Alaska Regional Hospital in conjunction with the Anchorage Daily News. Anchorage Daily News, "The journey toward a healthier you starts at HealthU," 5 Sep. 2019 The bar is working in conjunction with Legends Sports Bar & Grill in Parma, where Wednesday night’s drawing will be held around 8 p.m. Reporter Hannah Drown will be at Legends tonight before and during the drawing. Hannah Drown, cleveland.com, "Watch Queen of Hearts drawing for more than $2 million jackpot from Parma bar Sept. 4 on Facebook Live," 4 Sep. 2019 The city, working in conjunction with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, has also begun buying out some homeowners who live in especially flood-prone areas. Tim Craig, Washington Post, "As Dorian approaches, flood fears grip the Southeast," 3 Sep. 2019 According to the promotional material, Union presents the show in conjunction with local independent concert promoter Monozine Presents Inc. Baltimore Sun Staff, baltimoresun.com, "Union Craft Brewing taps Baltimore synthpop stars Future Islands for free weekend show," 3 Sep. 2019 This is the 11th year the Journal Sentinel has sponsored Top Workplaces, in conjunction with Energage, the research partner for the project. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "The deadline is Sept. 27 for nominations for the Journal Sentinel's Top Workplaces program," 3 Sep. 2019 The Maryland’s Opioid Operational Command Center, in conjunction with the Maryland Emergency Management Agency, announced Thursday the recipients of $10 million in grants to combat opioid addiction and overdoses. Jon Kelvey, baltimoresun.com/maryland/carroll, "Hogan gives Carroll funds for opioid disorders," 2 Sep. 2019 Finally, Fitbit Premium subscribers will also be able to distill accumulated data in one easy-to-read, printable report that will be developed in conjunction with medical professionals. Adrienne So, WIRED, "Fitbit Wants to Be Your One-Stop Health Care Shop," 28 Aug. 2019 The foundation also announced an initiative in conjunction with the Morris Animal Foundation, Canine Comparative Oncology, that will advance research and treatment for both humans and dogs. Catherine Bigelow, SFChronicle.com, "Fetes and art grants set the stage for upcoming SF Ballet and SF Opera galas," 27 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conjunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for conjunction

see conjunct entry 1

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More Definitions for conjunction

conjunction

noun

English Language Learners Definition of conjunction

grammar : a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
formal : a situation in which two or more things happen at the same time or in the same place

conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conjunction

1 : a joining together : union
2 : a word or expression that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words

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Comments on conjunction

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