conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Definition of conjunction

1 : an uninflected linguistic form that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words Some common conjunctions are "and," "but," and "although."
2 : the act or an instance of conjoining : the state of being conjoined : combination working in conjunction with state and local authorities
3 : occurrence together in time or space : concurrence a conjunction of events
4a : the apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
b : a configuration in which two celestial bodies have their least apparent separation a conjunction of Mars and Jupiter
5 : a complex sentence in logic true if and only if each of its components is true — see Truth Table

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Other Words from conjunction

conjunctional \ kən-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​shnəl How to pronounce conjunctional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
conjunctionally adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for conjunction

Synonyms

confluence, convergence, convergency, meeting

Antonyms

divergence

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What is a conjunction?

Conjunctions are words that join together other words or groups of words.

A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal importance. The main coordinating conjunctions are and, or, and but.

They bought apples, pears, and oranges.

You can wait either on the steps or in the car.

The paintings are pleasant but bland.

When placed at the beginning of a sentence, a coordinating conjunction may also link two sentences or paragraphs.

The preparations were complete. But where were the guests?

She told him that he would have to work to earn her trust. And he proceeded to do just that.

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause (a clause that does not form a simple sentence by itself) and joins it to a main clause (a clause that can be used as a simple sentence by itself).

She waited until they were seated.

It had been quiet since the children left.

Some conjunctions are used in pairs. The most common pairs are either ... or, both ... and, neither ... nor, and not only ... but (also).

They could either continue searching or go to the police.

Both Clara and Jeanette graduated from Stanford.

He could neither sing nor dance.

Not only the money but also the jewelry had been found.

Some adverbs, such as afterwards, consequently, for example, however, nonetheless, and therefore, act like conjunctions by linking either two main clauses separated by a semicolon, or two separate sentences. They express some effect that the first clause or sentence has on the second one.

They didn't agree; however, each understood the other's opinion.

We'll probably regret it; still, we really have no choice.

The team has won its last three games. Thus, its record for the year is now 15-12.

Examples of conjunction in a Sentence

Some common conjunctions are “and,” “but,” and “although.” the conjunction of the two major highways creates a massive influx of cars into the city

Recent Examples on the Web

An article in Politico last year highlighted dozens of media interviews in which Chao stood beside her father - sometimes in conjunction with flags for the DOT or Kentucky. Hannah Knowles, Anchorage Daily News, "Transportation secretary faces investigation over ethics allegations," 17 Sep. 2019 Judges have also ruled that marijuana odor can be used in conjunction with other factors to support a search. BostonGlobe.com, "Sniff and search is no longer the default for police in some of the 33 states that have legalized marijuana.," 17 Sep. 2019 Some of the merchants in the shopping area offered specials in conjunction with the The festival began in 2009 after Mayor Pam Bobst expressed a desire to celebrate the talents of Rocky River residents and merchants in the shopping center. Carol Kovach, cleveland.com, "Shoppers find variety among merchants at Rocky River Fall Arts Festival," 16 Sep. 2019 Pringle Nature Center hosts birds of prey demonstrations in conjunction with International Migratory Bird Day Sept. 21. Elaine Rewolinski, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Septemberfest, Oktoberfest, and more to do around Wisconsin this week," 15 Sep. 2019 This story was produced in conjunction with Juvenile Justice Information Exchange, a national news site that covers the issue daily. Katherine Webb-hehn, al, "Proposed waiting period for firearms aims to save lives of suicidal Alabamians," 15 Sep. 2019 The final missing link, between E Street and J Street in Chula Vista, will be built by the Port of San Diego in conjunction with the Chula Vista Bayfront project. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Officials tackling ‘missing links’ in Bayshore Bikeway, including Barrio Logan," 15 Sep. 2019 Odds & Ends Again, a Shoreview reseller of furniture and home decor, announced the formation of an online auction business in conjunction with its sister company, Sort Toss Pack. Pioneer Press, Twin Cities, "Business People: Northern Oil and Gas names new president," 15 Sep. 2019 Pillar Point harbor in Half Moon Bay scheduled a seafood festival Sunday in conjunction with Half Moon Bay Commercial Fisheries Trust. Tara Duggan, SFChronicle.com, "13 years ago, the Nature Conservancy desperately wanted to protect groundfish. Now it wants you to eat them," 14 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conjunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for conjunction

see conjunct entry 1

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More Definitions for conjunction

conjunction

noun

English Language Learners Definition of conjunction

grammar : a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
formal : a situation in which two or more things happen at the same time or in the same place

conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conjunction

1 : a joining together : union
2 : a word or expression that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words

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Comments on conjunction

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to spread over or through

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