conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Definition of conjunction

1 : an uninflected linguistic form that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words Some common conjunctions are "and," "but," and "although."
2 : the act or an instance of conjoining : the state of being conjoined : combination working in conjunction with state and local authorities
3 : occurrence together in time or space : concurrence a conjunction of events
4a : the apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
b : a configuration in which two celestial bodies have their least apparent separation a conjunction of Mars and Jupiter
5 : a complex sentence in logic true if and only if each of its components is true — see Truth Table

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from conjunction

conjunctional \ kən-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​shnəl How to pronounce conjunctional (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
conjunctionally adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for conjunction

Synonyms

Antonyms

Visit the Thesaurus for More 

What is a conjunction?

Conjunctions are words that join together other words or groups of words.

A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal importance. The main coordinating conjunctions are and, or, and but.

They bought apples, pears, and oranges.

You can wait either on the steps or in the car.

The paintings are pleasant but bland.

When placed at the beginning of a sentence, a coordinating conjunction may also link two sentences or paragraphs.

The preparations were complete. But where were the guests?

She told him that he would have to work to earn her trust. And he proceeded to do just that.

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause (a clause that does not form a simple sentence by itself) and joins it to a main clause (a clause that can be used as a simple sentence by itself).

She waited until they were seated.

It had been quiet since the children left.

Some conjunctions are used in pairs. The most common pairs are either ... or, both ... and, neither ... nor, and not only ... but (also).

They could either continue searching or go to the police.

Both Clara and Jeanette graduated from Stanford.

He could neither sing nor dance.

Not only the money but also the jewelry had been found.

Some adverbs, such as afterwards, consequently, for example, however, nonetheless, and therefore, act like conjunctions by linking either two main clauses separated by a semicolon, or two separate sentences. They express some effect that the first clause or sentence has on the second one.

They didn't agree; however, each understood the other's opinion.

We'll probably regret it; still, we really have no choice.

The team has won its last three games. Thus, its record for the year is now 15-12.

Examples of conjunction in a Sentence

Some common conjunctions are “and,” “but,” and “although.” the conjunction of the two major highways creates a massive influx of cars into the city
Recent Examples on the Web Also on Saturday, Feb. 15, Migration Brewing is celebrating its 10-year anniversary in conjunction with Zwickelmania. oregonlive, "Oregon beer this week: Craft beer month rolls on with Function PDX showcase, Zwickelmania," 7 Feb. 2020 An official announcement at the end of 2018 said regional government funds would be used to construct a poverty-alleviation workshop in conjunction with the training center. Philip Wen, WSJ, "‘Admit Your Mistakes, Repent’: China Shifts Campaign to Control Xinjiang’s Muslims," 6 Feb. 2020 In conjunction with the recording, Mr. Serkin played the piece, from memory, more than two dozen times in concert halls and colleges, sometimes backed by a light show. Anthony Tommasini, BostonGlobe.com, "Peter Serkin, 72, pianist with pedigree who forged a new path," 2 Feb. 2020 In conjunction with the recording Mr. Serkin played the piece, from memory, more than two dozen times in concert halls and colleges, sometimes backed by a light show. New York Times, "Peter Serkin, 72, Dies; Pianist With Pedigree Who Forged a New Path," 1 Feb. 2020 And yes, this capability, when operated in conjunction with Active Cruise Control, can pretty much drive a car on its own. Lyndon Conrad Bell, Houston Chronicle, "Must-have safety technologies for 2020," 31 Jan. 2020 The academy teaches singing, dancing and acting to children 6-18 years old in conjunction with the Josephine Theatre. Jacob Beltran, ExpressNews.com, "Home where family launched theater careers gutted by lightning strike," 29 Jan. 2020 The FireStick is compatible with Traditions’ new NitroFire rifle—both were developed in conjunction with each other. The Editors, Outdoor Life, "The Best New Guns, Ammo, and Hunting Gear from SHOT Show 2020," 22 Jan. 2020 All interested in learning more about Saint Paschal Baylon School are invited to attend any of the special events held in conjunction with Catholic Schools week. Maria Shine Stewart, cleveland, "Learn from the little ones and the elders, too: Sun Messages," 21 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conjunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of conjunction

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for conjunction

see conjunct entry 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about conjunction

Time Traveler for conjunction

Time Traveler

The first known use of conjunction was in the 14th century

See more words from the same century

Statistics for conjunction

Last Updated

10 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Conjunction.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/conjunction?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=c&file=conjun03. Accessed 23 Feb. 2020.

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for conjunction

conjunction

noun
How to pronounce conjunction (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of conjunction

grammar : a word that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
formal : a situation in which two or more things happen at the same time or in the same place

conjunction

noun
con·​junc·​tion | \ kən-ˈjəŋk-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conjunction

1 : a joining together : union
2 : a word or expression that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words

Keep scrolling for more

Comments on conjunction

What made you want to look up conjunction? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

See Definitions and Examples »

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

More Confusing Words—Quiz

  • cats on impossible timber
  • The magician ______ moved the selected card to the top of the deck.
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!