conjunction

noun

con·​junc·​tion kən-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio)
1
: an uninflected linguistic form that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words
Some common conjunctions are "and," "but," and "although."
2
: the act or an instance of conjoining : the state of being conjoined : combination
working in conjunction with state and local authorities
3
: occurrence together in time or space : concurrence
a conjunction of events
4
a
: the apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
b
: a configuration in which two celestial bodies have their least apparent separation
a conjunction of Mars and Jupiter
5
: a complex sentence in logic true if and only if each of its components is true see Truth Table
conjunctional adjective
conjunctionally adverb

Did you know?

What is a conjunction?

Conjunctions are words that join together other words or groups of words.

A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal importance. The main coordinating conjunctions are and, or, and but.

They bought apples, pears, and oranges.

You can wait either on the steps or in the car.

The paintings are pleasant but bland.

When placed at the beginning of a sentence, a coordinating conjunction may also link two sentences or paragraphs.

The preparations were complete. But where were the guests?

She told him that he would have to work to earn her trust. And he proceeded to do just that.

A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause (a clause that does not form a simple sentence by itself) and joins it to a main clause (a clause that can be used as a simple sentence by itself).

She waited until they were seated.

It had been quiet since the children left.

Some conjunctions are used in pairs. The most common pairs are either ... or, both ... and, neither ... nor, and not only ... but (also).

They could either continue searching or go to the police.

Both Clara and Jeanette graduated from Stanford.

He could neither sing nor dance.

Not only the money but also the jewelry had been found.

Some adverbs, such as afterwards, consequently, for example, however, nonetheless, and therefore, act like conjunctions by linking either two main clauses separated by a semicolon, or two separate sentences. They express some effect that the first clause or sentence has on the second one.

They didn't agree; however, each understood the other's opinion.

We'll probably regret it; still, we really have no choice.

The team has won its last three games. Thus, its record for the year is now 15-12.

Example Sentences

Some common conjunctions are “and,” “but,” and “although.” the conjunction of the two major highways creates a massive influx of cars into the city
Recent Examples on the Web This shell is designed to work in conjunction with your mid-layer of choice. Christian Gollayan, Men's Health, 19 Nov. 2022 Strategies outlined in the General Management Plan would be implemented in conjunction with community and monument partners. Shauna Stuart | Sstuart@al.com, al, 18 Nov. 2022 The problem, Kantor and Twohey quickly realize, is that internal forces like shame and fear are working in conjunction with legal settlements that have bound many women to nondisclosure agreements. Molly Fischer, The New Yorker, 18 Nov. 2022 The organization honored legendary big man Elvin Hayes with a jersey retirement ceremony at halftime, and in conjunction with celebrating Hayes, the Rockets opted to don some alternate threads. Michael Shapiro, Chron, 18 Nov. 2022 Aside from appearing in the movie, Brady served as a co-producer via his production company, 199 Productions, in conjunction with Donna Gigliotti (Silver Linings Playbook, Hidden Figures, Shakespeare in Love) and Endeavor Content. Ingrid Vasquez, Peoplemag, 17 Nov. 2022 The trapezoidal grille shape incorporates both cooling vents and a front wing that boosts range and provides downforce, working in conjunction with flying buttresses that stretch from the roof to the rear haunches. Caleb Miller, Car and Driver, 17 Nov. 2022 Bringing screen time into the real world, this kit works with an iPad and uses IRL letter, number and shape tiles in conjunction with tablet games. Rachel Rothman, Good Housekeeping, 16 Nov. 2022 California born winemaker Moret-Brealynn works in conjunction with consultant Adam Lee and uses native yeast and minimal intervention in her winemaking. Mike Desimone And Jeff Jenssen, Robb Report, 16 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conjunction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

see conjunct entry 1

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Time Traveler
The first known use of conjunction was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near conjunction

Cite this Entry

“Conjunction.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/conjunction. Accessed 5 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

conjunction

noun

con·​junc·​tion kən-ˈjəŋ(k)-shən How to pronounce conjunction (audio)
1
: a joining together
2
: a word or expression that joins together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words

More from Merriam-Webster on conjunction

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