Definition of congratulate
1 archaic : to express sympathetic pleasure at (an event)
2 : to express vicarious pleasure to (a person) on the occasion of success or good fortune <graciously congratulated the winner>; also : to feel pleased with <congratulating herself for a job well done>
congratulatorplay \-ˌlā-tər\ noun
congratulatoryplay \-lə-ˌtȯr-ē\ adjective
Examples of congratulate in a sentence
I'd like to congratulate you on your success.
She congratulated us on our test results.
She congratulated herself for getting the best grade in her class.
Origin and Etymology of congratulate
Latin congratulatus, past participle of congratulari to wish joy, from com- + gratulari to wish joy, from gratus pleasing — more at grace
First Known Use: 1539
CONGRATULATE Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of congratulate for English Language Learners
: to tell (someone) that you are happy because of his or her success or good luck
: to feel pleased with (yourself)
CONGRATULATE Defined for Kids
Definition of congratulate for Students
: to express pleasure on account of success or good fortune <I congratulated the winner.>
Word Root of congratulate
The Latin word gratus, meaning “pleasing” or “thankful,” gives us the root grat. Words from the Latin gratus have something to do with being pleasing or being thankful. To ingratiate yourself is to make others feel thankful for something you've done. To feel grateful is to feel thankful for something. Gratitude is a feeling of thankfulness. To congratulate is to express how pleasing someone's success is.
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