congratulate

verb con·grat·u·late \ kən-ˈgra-chə-ˌlāt , -ˈgra-jə- \
Updated on: 4 Dec 2017

Definition of congratulate

congratulated; congratulating
transitive verb
1 archaic : to express sympathetic pleasure at (an event)
2 : to express vicarious pleasure to (a person) on the occasion of success or good fortune
  • graciously congratulated the winner
; also : to feel pleased with
  • congratulating herself for a job well done
3 obsolete : salute, greet

congratulator

play \kən-ˈgra-chə-ˌlā-tər, -ˈgra-jə-\ noun

congratulatory

play \kən-ˈgra-chə-lə-ˌtȯr-ē, -ˈgra-jə-\ adjective

Examples of congratulate in a Sentence

  1. I'd like to congratulate you on your success.

  2. She congratulated us on our test results.

  3. She congratulated herself for getting the best grade in her class.

Recent Examples of congratulate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'congratulate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of congratulate

Latin congratulatus, past participle of congratulari to wish joy, from com- + gratulari to wish joy, from gratus pleasing — more at grace



CONGRATULATE Defined for English Language Learners

congratulate

verb

Definition of congratulate for English Language Learners

  • : to tell (someone) that you are happy because of his or her success or good luck

  • : to feel pleased with (yourself)


CONGRATULATE Defined for Kids

congratulate

verb con·grat·u·late \ kən-ˈgra-chə-ˌlāt \

Definition of congratulate for Students

congratulated; congratulating
: to express pleasure on account of success or good fortune
  • I congratulated the winner.

Word Root of congratulate

The Latin word gratus, meaning “pleasing” or “thankful,” gives us the root grat. Words from the Latin gratus have something to do with being pleasing or being thankful. To ingratiate yourself is to make others feel thankful for something you've done. To feel grateful is to feel thankful for something. Gratitude is a feeling of thankfulness. To congratulate is to express how pleasing someone's success is.



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