condition

noun
con·​di·​tion | \ kən-ˈdi-shən How to pronounce condition (audio) \

Definition of condition

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a premise upon which the fulfillment of an agreement depends : stipulation
b obsolete : covenant
c : a provision making the effect of a legal instrument contingent upon an uncertain event must meet the terms and conditions of the contract also : the event itself
2 : something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else : prerequisite: such as
a : an environmental requirement Available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life.
b : the clause of a conditional sentence
3a : a restricting or modifying factor : qualification
b : an unsatisfactory academic grade that may be raised by doing additional work
4a : a state of being the human condition
b : social status : rank
c : a usually defective state of health a serious heart condition
d : a state of physical fitness or readiness for use The car was in good condition. exercising to get into condition
e conditions plural : attendant circumstances poor living conditions safe working conditions
5a obsolete : temper of mind
b obsolete : trait
c conditions plural, archaic : manners, ways

condition

verb
conditioned; conditioning\ kən-​ˈdi-​sh(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce conditioning (audio) \

Definition of condition (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

archaic : to make stipulations

transitive verb

1 : to agree by stipulating
2 : to make conditional
3a : to put into a proper state for work or use
4 : to give a grade of condition to
5a : to adapt, modify, or mold so as to conform to an environing culture traditional beliefs conditioning a child's attitude
b : to modify so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another

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Other Words from condition

Verb

conditionable \ kən-​ˈdi-​sh(ə-​)nə-​bəl How to pronounce conditionable (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for condition

Synonyms: Noun

estate, fettle, form, health, keeping, kilter, nick [British], order, repair, shape, trim

Synonyms: Verb

season, train

Antonyms: Verb

decondition

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Examples of condition in a Sentence

Noun

Happiness is the state or condition of being happy. Their weakened condition makes them more likely to get sick.

Verb

the length of time that it takes for runners to condition their bodies for a marathon an immigrant family that must condition its traditional attitudes regarding child rearing to the realities of modern American life
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

As everyone awaits to hear about the 52-year-old actor's current condition, many of his Riverdale cast mates are taking to social media to send their support. Carolyn Twersky, Seventeen, ""Riverdale" Cast Sends Well Wishes to Luke Perry After His Stroke and Hospitalization," 1 Mar. 2019 Now doctors and researchers are trying to do the same for a group that has similar symptoms: parents of children with life-threatening medical conditions. Amy Dockser Marcus, WSJ, "For Parents of Ill Children, a Growing Recognition of PTSD," 19 Feb. 2019 Those restorations cost on average $20,000 to $50,000, depending on the condition of the original. Matt Blitz, Popular Mechanics, "Inside the Car Company That's Resurrecting the DeLorean," 18 Jan. 2019 But despite its wide reach, depression—as with many other mental health conditions—is often culturally stigmatized. Jennifer Lance, Glamour, "Kate Middleton's Brother James Wrote a Powerful Essay About Mental Health," 12 Jan. 2019 Zachary Cruz was eventually released on probation with conditions such as keeping away from the high school. Curt Anderson, The Seattle Times, "Prosecutors want trial date in Florida school shooting," 8 Jan. 2019 For people with certain conditions, Dr. Mysore notes that things like juice cleanses or shakes can have adverse health effects as well. Brittney Mcnamara, Teen Vogue, "Detox Diets Aren't Real or Healthy — and Body "Toxins" Don't Exist," 1 Jan. 2019 But the companies’ practices have spawned lawsuits and concerns by some doctors who say that policies that restrict access to the machines could have serious, or even deadly, consequences for patients with severe conditions. Marshall Allen, Ars Technica, "You snooze, you lose: Insurers make the old adage literally true," 21 Nov. 2018 In conservative Utah, patients with conditions such as multiple sclerosis, cancer, and HIV will be now able to receive medical marijuana cards at certain doctors’ offices. Angela Chen, The Verge, "Three states vote in favor of marijuana," 7 Nov. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Their difference in behavior may also come down to how men and women are conditioned so differently into what constitutes right and wrong. Stacey Leasca, Glamour, "Christine Blasey Ford's Attempts to Make Everyone Comfortable Is a Burden Women Know Well," 28 Sep. 2018 We are conditioned to feel ashamed or embarrassed about certain parts of ourselves. Glamour, "If You've Ever Struggled With Body Image, Lili Reinhart Has a Message for You," 11 Nov. 2018 In the end, this strange summer saga in Thailand was the kind of story that a modern, media-consuming human is literally conditioned through life to consume. Washington Post, "A Thai cave, an extraordinary tale and a captivated world," 12 July 2018 Even so, the months felt spacious, not yet conditioned by the careerist culture of my son’s generation. Danny Heitman, WSJ, "The Case for the Do-Nothing Summer," 21 June 2018 On the plus side, baggage cars are heated, but, on the down side, most are not air-conditioned. Andrea Sachs, chicagotribune.com, "Amid safety concerns, some pet owners embrace alternatives to flying," 30 Apr. 2018 Employers should schedule frequent rest breaks for their outdoor workers in shaded or air-conditioned areas. Robert A. Cronkleton, kansascity, "Dangerous heat settles upon Kansas City metro. Just how hot will it get?," 27 June 2018 PLEA DEALS House Bill 4149 prohibits prosecutors to condition a plea deal on defendants’ waiving their constitutional or procedural rights. Hillary Borrud, The Seattle Times, "New Oregon laws take effect Jan. 1," 31 Dec. 2018 To get a curly look with foam rollers at home, wrap a one-inch section of conditioned damp hair around a rod at a time, then sit under a hood dryer until hair is completely dry. SELF, "7 Ways to Look Flawless While Transitioning to Natural Hair," 30 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'condition.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of condition

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

History and Etymology for condition

Noun and Verb

Middle English condicion, from Anglo-French, from Latin condicion-, condicio terms of agreement, condition, from condicere to agree, from com- + dicere to say, determine — more at diction

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Last Updated

15 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for condition

The first known use of condition was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for condition

condition

noun

English Language Learners Definition of condition

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a way of living or existing
: the state in which something exists : the physical state of something
: the physical or mental state of a person or animal

condition

verb

English Language Learners Definition of condition (Entry 2 of 2)

: to train or influence (a person or an animal) to do something or to think or behave in a certain way because of a repeated experience
: to make (something, such as hair or leather) softer and less dry by applying a liquid

condition

noun
con·​di·​tion | \ kən-ˈdi-shən How to pronounce condition (audio) \

Kids Definition of condition

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : state of physical fitness or readiness for use The car was in good condition.
2 : something agreed upon or necessary if some other thing is to take place You can come on the condition that you behave.
3 conditions plural : the way things are at a certain time or in a certain place His body had adjusted … to the heat and harsh conditions.— Louis Sachar, Holes
4 : state of being water in a frozen condition
5 : situation in life people of humble condition

condition

verb
conditioned; conditioning

Kids Definition of condition (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to put into the proper or desired state
2 : to change the habits of usually by training

condition

noun
con·​di·​tion | \ kən-ˈdish-ən How to pronounce condition (audio) \

Medical Definition of condition

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else especially : an environmental requirement available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life
2a : a usually defective state of health a serious heart condition
b : a state of physical fitness exercising to get into condition

condition

transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning\ -​ˈdish-​(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce conditioning (audio) \

Medical Definition of condition (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause to undergo a change so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another

Other Words from condition

conditionable \ -​(ə-​)nə-​bəl How to pronounce conditionable (audio) \ adjective

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condition

noun
con·​di·​tion

Legal Definition of condition

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : an uncertain future act or event whose occurrence or nonoccurrence determines the rights or obligations of a party under a legal instrument and especially a contract also : a clause in the instrument describing the act or event and its effect
concurrent condition
: a condition that is to be fulfilled by one party at the same time that a mutual condition is to be fulfilled by another party
condition implied in law
: constructive condition in this entry
condition precedent \ -​pri-​ˈsēd-​ᵊnt, -​ˈpre-​sə-​dənt \
: a condition that must be fulfilled before performance under a contract can become due, an estate can vest, or a right can become effective
condition subsequent
: a condition whose fulfillment defeats or modifies an estate or right already in effect or vested or discharges an already existing duty under a contract
constructive condition
: a condition created by operation of law

called also condition implied in law

— compare express condition in this entry
express condition
: a condition created and explicitly stated by the parties to a contract — compare constructive condition in this entry
potestative condition \ ˈpō-​tes-​ˌtā-​tiv \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition whose fulfillment was completely within the power of the obligated party

Note: Article 1770 of the Louisiana Civil Code eliminates the term potestative condition, stating that suspensive conditions which depend on the whim of the obligated party make the obligation null, and that resolutory conditions which depend on the will of the obligated party must be fulfilled in good faith.

resolutory condition \ ˌre-​zə-​ˈlü-​tə-​rē-​, ri-​ˈzäl-​yu̇-​ˌtōr-​ē-​ \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition that upon fulfillment terminates an already enforceable obligation and entitles the parties to be restored to their original positions — see also potestative condition in this entry
suspensive condition
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition which must be fulfilled before an obligation is enforceable — see also potestative condition in this entry
2 : a state of being a latent defective condition
3 : one of the rights or obligations of the policyholder or the insurer set forth in an insurance policy

Other Words from condition

conditional adjective
conditionally adverb

condition

transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning

Legal Definition of condition (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make subject to conditions the sale…was orally conditioned upon approval of the patent— J. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo

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