condition

1 of 2

noun

con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdi-shən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
a
: a premise upon which the fulfillment of an agreement depends : stipulation
b
obsolete : covenant
c
: a provision making the effect of a legal instrument contingent upon an uncertain event
must meet the terms and conditions of the contract
also : the event itself
2
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else : prerequisite: such as
a
: an environmental requirement
Available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life.
b
: the clause of a conditional sentence
3
a
: a restricting or modifying factor : qualification
b
: an unsatisfactory academic grade that may be raised by doing additional work
4
a
: a state of being
the human condition
b
: social status : rank
c
: a usually defective state of health
a serious heart condition
d
: a state of physical fitness or readiness for use
The car was in good condition.
exercising to get into condition
e
conditions plural : attendant circumstances
poor living conditions
safe working conditions
5
a
obsolete : temper of mind
b
obsolete : trait
c
conditions plural, archaic : manners, ways

condition

2 of 2

verb

conditioned; conditioning kən-ˈdi-sh(ə-)niŋ How to pronounce condition (audio)

intransitive verb

archaic : to make stipulations

transitive verb

1
: to agree by stipulating
2
: to make conditional
3
a
: to put into a proper state for work or use
4
: to give a grade of condition to
5
a
: to adapt, modify, or mold so as to conform to an environing culture
traditional beliefs conditioning a child's attitude
b
: to modify so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another
conditionable adjective

Example Sentences

Noun Happiness is the state or condition of being happy. Their weakened condition makes them more likely to get sick. Verb the length of time that it takes for runners to condition their bodies for a marathon a company that must condition its traditional ways of doing business to the realities of the global economy
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
But Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the condition was a non-starter. Katerina Ang, Washington Post, 3 Dec. 2022 The death records didn’t specify what condition led to each person’s death. cleveland, 2 Dec. 2022 Current treatments for the condition, in addition to psychotherapy, range from gender affirming hormone treatments to surgical procedures, some of which were described in graphic detail in testimony over the previous four days. Dale Ellis, Arkansas Online, 2 Dec. 2022 While there’s no specific cause, several factors can increase a person’s likelihood of developing Social Anxiety Disorder, including trauma, or the condition can be passed down throughout family lineage. Dominique Fluker, Essence, 2 Dec. 2022 Initially, Pulisic's condition was described as an abdominal injury. Chantz Martin, Fox News, 2 Dec. 2022 In September, two people died in stabbings in 24 hours in Old Town, highlighting the fragile condition of the district. oregonlive, 1 Dec. 2022 Ethically sourced from Spain, the rosemary in this formula helps deep condition hair and boost shine. ELLE, 1 Dec. 2022 Anorexia mirabilis, the condition of refusing to eat for spiritual reasons, is as omnipresent across human history as plague and lice. Sophie Gilbert, The Atlantic, 1 Dec. 2022
Verb
First, the federal government must condition its billions of dollars in housing subsidies given to state and local government mostly in the form of loan guarantees, tax credits, and vouchers. Roger Valdez, Forbes, 3 Oct. 2022 Launch controllers condition them by increasing the pressure on the core stage liquid hydrogen tank to route, or ‘bleed’ as it is often called, a portion of the approximately minus 423 [Fahrenheit] liquid hydrogen to the engines. Julia Musto, Fox News, 30 Aug. 2022 This creamy formula is infused with a moisturizing powerhouse blend of coconut oil, honey, and shea butter to intensely condition hair and make the detangling process more manageable. Jennifer Hussein, Allure, 14 Oct. 2022 And Texas can condition sales on the producer employing only lawful U.S. residents. Devin Dwyer, ABC News, 11 Oct. 2022 The formula uses a proprietary BioPeptin Complex®, which includes peptides, lipids, green tea extract, and biotin to condition and protect fragile brow hairs. Deanna Pai, Peoplemag, 27 Sep. 2022 Not when my trusty jar of coconut oil can condition my hair far better. Varsha Patel, refinery29.com, 10 May 2022 The blend of oils and synthetic wax work together to lengthen and condition your lashes for a fuller look. Madison Yauger, Peoplemag, 20 Oct. 2022 Aloe vera is there to soothe and condition heated skin. Grooming Playbook, The Salt Lake Tribune, 30 Sep. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'condition.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun and Verb

Middle English condicion, from Anglo-French, from Latin condicion-, condicio terms of agreement, condition, from condicere to agree, from com- + dicere to say, determine — more at diction

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

Time Traveler
The first known use of condition was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near condition

Cite this Entry

“Condition.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/condition. Accessed 9 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdish-ən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
: something on which the carrying out of an agreement depends
conditions of employment
2
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else
3
: something that limits or restricts : qualification
4
a
: a state of being
b
: position in life
people of humble condition
c
plural : state of affairs
poor living conditions
5
a
: a bodily state in which something is wrong
a serious heart condition
b
: a state of physical fitness or readiness for use
an athlete in good condition
the car was in poor condition

condition

2 of 2 verb
conditioned; conditioning
-ˈdish-(ə-)niŋ
1
: to put into a proper or desired condition
2
a
: to adapt, modify, or mold to respond in a particular way
b
: to change the behavior of (an organism) in such a way that a response to a given stimulus becomes connected with a different and formerly unrelated stimulus
dogs can be conditioned to salivate at the sound of a bell

Medical Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdish-ən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else
especially : an environmental requirement
available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life
2
a
: a usually defective state of health
a serious heart condition
b
: a state of physical fitness
exercising to get into condition

condition

2 of 2 transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning -ˈdish-(ə-)niŋ How to pronounce condition (audio)
: to cause to undergo a change so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another
conditionable adjective

Legal Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion
1
: an uncertain future act or event whose occurrence or nonoccurrence determines the rights or obligations of a party under a legal instrument and especially a contract
also : a clause in the instrument describing the act or event and its effect
concurrent condition
: a condition that is to be fulfilled by one party at the same time that a mutual condition is to be fulfilled by another party
condition implied in law
: constructive condition in this entry
condition precedent \ -​pri-​ˈsēd-​ᵊnt, -​ˈpre-​sə-​dənt \
: a condition that must be fulfilled before performance under a contract can become due, an estate can vest, or a right can become effective
condition subsequent
: a condition whose fulfillment defeats or modifies an estate or right already in effect or vested or discharges an already existing duty under a contract
constructive condition
: a condition created by operation of law

called also condition implied in law

compare express condition in this entry
express condition
: a condition created and explicitly stated by the parties to a contract compare constructive condition in this entry
potestative condition \ ˈpō-​tes-​ˌtā-​tiv \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition whose fulfillment was completely within the power of the obligated party

Note: Article 1770 of the Louisiana Civil Code eliminates the term potestative condition, stating that suspensive conditions which depend on the whim of the obligated party make the obligation null, and that resolutory conditions which depend on the will of the obligated party must be fulfilled in good faith.

resolutory condition \ ˌre-​zə-​ˈlü-​tə-​rē-​, ri-​ˈzäl-​yu̇-​ˌtōr-​ē-​ \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition that upon fulfillment terminates an already enforceable obligation and entitles the parties to be restored to their original positions see also potestative condition in this entry
suspensive condition
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition which must be fulfilled before an obligation is enforceable see also potestative condition in this entry
2
: a state of being
a latent defective condition
3
: one of the rights or obligations of the policyholder or the insurer set forth in an insurance policy
conditional adjective
conditionally adverb

condition

2 of 2 transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning
: to make subject to conditions
the sale…was orally conditioned upon approval of the patent J. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo

More from Merriam-Webster on condition

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