component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \kəm-ˈpō-nənt, ˈkäm-ˌpō-, käm-ˈpō-\

Definition of component 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a constituent part : ingredient an important component of the program stereo components

2a : any one of the vector terms added to form a vector sum or resultant

b : a coordinate of a vector also : either member of an ordered pair of numbers

component

adjective

Definition of component (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving or helping to constitute : constituent component parts

2 of a video signal : split into multiple channels each carrying one particular set of data (such as one channel for black and white and one for color) component input — compare composite entry 1 sense 4

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Other Words from component

Noun

componential \ ˌkäm-​pə-​ˈnen(t)-​shəl \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for component

Synonyms: Noun

building block, constituent, element, factor, ingredient, member

Antonyms: Noun

whole

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Choose the Right Synonym for component

Noun

element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of component in a Sentence

Noun

the components of an electric circuit He sells spare computer components. The interview is a key component in the hiring process. Hard work has been a major component of his success.

Adjective

the component parts of a machine
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Although the brand doesn't reveal exactly what makes up the vernix-like compound, one component, in particular, stands out in the full ingredient list: fetal bovine serum. Marci Robin, Allure, ""Newborn" Cream Claims to Give Adults Baby-Soft Skin With a Surprising Ingredient," 29 Oct. 2018 The magnesium and aluminum frame houses all of the electrical components, with the battery and touchpad stacked on top. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "A dream team of Intel engineers helped create HP's tiny Spectre Folio motherboard," 1 Oct. 2018 All of the unsaturated fats, fiber, and phytochemicals (biologically active components of plants) in avocados work a lot of magic. Caroline Walder, Good Housekeeping, "Why You Should Eat Avocado Every Single Day," 26 Sep. 2018 But this summer, the clinic is promoting another component: mental health services. Mará Rose Williams, kansascity, "Teen suicide doesn’t end with the school year. Now JoCo schools offer summertime therapy," 12 July 2018 To develop the machine-intelligence component, Brava's software engineers loaded up gobs of food photos; in this case, pictures of toasted bread. Lauren Goode, WIRED, "Brava Hopes to Heat Up the 'Smart Kitchen' With a $995 Oven," 10 July 2018 Another component of the internship involved going through Hoccleve's poems, transcribing the Middle English language into modern English, and linking resources to explain historical context. Courant Community, "Community News For The Putnam-Killingly Edition," 10 July 2018 An important component of the SPI summer experience is interdisciplinary education, turning to UW resources and faculty beyond the School of Music. Tom Keogh, The Seattle Times, "Seattle Piano Institute draws students from around the world for piano and life lessons," 3 July 2018 There’s an education component to the restaurant, with Aperol demonstrations, oyster-and-bubbly-wine classes and more. Grace Wong, chicagotribune.com, "Eataly opens beach-inspired restaurant, plus other restaurant news," 26 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Once Cerar stepped down as prime minister earlier this year and the squabbling of coalition partners disappeared from the headlines, his image as a decent and component prime minister returned. Tim Haughton, Washington Post, "Slovenia voted on Sunday. Is an anti-immigrant government on the way?," 5 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'component.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of component

Noun

1645, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1664, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for component

Noun

Latin component-, componens, present participle of componere to put together — more at compound

Adjective

see component entry 1

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Learn More about component

Dictionary Entries near component

comply

compo

componency

component

componentry

compony

comport

Statistics for component

Last Updated

13 Nov 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for component

The first known use of component was in 1645

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More Definitions for component

component

noun

English Language Learners Definition of component

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: one of the parts of something (such as a system or mixture) : an important piece of something

component

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of component (Entry 2 of 2)

: helping to make up the whole of something (such as a system or a mixture) : forming or being a part of something

component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \kəm-ˈpō-nənt \

Kids Definition of component

: one of the parts or units of a combination, mixture, or system

component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \kəm-ˈpō-nənt, ˈkäm-ˌ, käm-ˈ \

Medical Definition of component 

: a constituent part the exocrine and endocrine components of the pancreas

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Comments on component

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