com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt How to pronounce component (audio) , ˈkäm-ˌpō-, käm-ˈpō- \

Definition of component

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a constituent part : ingredient an important component of the program stereo components
2a : any one of the vector terms added to form a vector sum or resultant
b : a coordinate of a vector also : either member of an ordered pair of numbers



Definition of component (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving or helping to constitute : constituent component parts
2 of a video signal : split into multiple channels each carrying one particular set of data (such as one channel for black and white and one for color) component input — compare composite entry 1 sense 4

Other Words from component


componential \ ˌkäm-​pə-​ˈnen(t)-​shəl How to pronounce component (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for component

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for component


element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of component in a Sentence

Noun the components of an electric circuit He sells spare computer components. The interview is a key component in the hiring process. Hard work has been a major component of his success. Adjective the component parts of a machine
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun It’s all the different component cells — those strawberries, blueberries, bananas — mixed together. Elizabeth Cooney, STAT, 7 Aug. 2022 Inaugurated in 1999, Salvadoran Day mixes a robust political component with cultural and religious element in a resounding affirmation of collective identity. Los Angeles Times, 6 Aug. 2022 Group activities that involve a social component, learning a new language or skill, or trying a new game are potential beneficial activities to try, Pa says. Alexa Mikhail, Fortune, 5 Aug. 2022 The target for North American battery-component manufacturing and assembly would rise from 50% to 100% after 2028. Mike Colias, WSJ, 4 Aug. 2022 Both new programs include a fellowship and a scholarship component, with a different cohort selected for each. Rebecca Sun, The Hollywood Reporter, 3 Aug. 2022 China's commerce ministry, meanwhile, suspended exports of natural sand to Taiwan, a key component for the production of semiconductor chips. Laura He And Cnn's Beijing Bureau, CNN, 3 Aug. 2022 Because Vacheron Constantin holds the coveted Geneva Hallmark Seal, attesting to the beauty and prowess of its movements, every component is hand finished to extremely high standards. Roberta Naas, Forbes, 3 Aug. 2022 But this time, Mr. Holaday joined a support group at Stanford Health Care, which introduced a powerful social component into his quest. New York Times, 2 Aug. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective The layout by Oakland design studio Open Daily is clean; even more complicated recipes, like Henry Hsu’s multi-component cornerstone rice cakes, are easy to follow. Soleil Ho,, 9 Nov. 2020 By the '70s, motorists could buy component parts to convert older models into unique classics. Dalvin Brown, USA TODAY, 21 Oct. 2019 Once Cerar stepped down as prime minister earlier this year and the squabbling of coalition partners disappeared from the headlines, his image as a decent and component prime minister returned. Tim Haughton, Washington Post, 5 June 2018 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'component.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of component


1645, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1664, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for component

Noun and Adjective

Latin component-, componens, present participle of componere to put together — more at compound

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Time Traveler for component

Time Traveler

The first known use of component was in 1645

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Dictionary Entries Near component




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Statistics for component

Last Updated

9 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Component.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 13 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for component


com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt How to pronounce component (audio) \

Kids Definition of component

: one of the parts or units of a combination, mixture, or system


com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt, ˈkäm-ˌ, käm-ˈ How to pronounce component (audio) \

Medical Definition of component

: a constituent part the exocrine and endocrine components of the pancreas

More from Merriam-Webster on component

Nglish: Translation of component for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of component for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about component


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