con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈstich-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) , -ˈsti-chə-, -ˈsti-chü-ənt \

Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a member of a constituency pledged to help her elderly constituents
2 : an essential part : component, element The organic constituents of plants, animals, and microorganisms …— Harry S. Mosher et al.
3 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal
4 : a structural unit of a definable syntactic, semantic, or phonological category that consists of one or more linguistic elements (such as words, morphemes, or features) and that can occur as a component of a larger construction



Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving to form, compose, or make up a unit or whole : component constituent parts
2 : having the power to create a government or frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

Other Words from constituent


constituently adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for constituent

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Noun

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Choose the Right Synonym for constituent


element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of constituent in a Sentence

Noun She's pledged to help her elderly constituents. Many senators have received calls from constituents who want them to vote in favor of the law. the chemical constituents of the liquid Adjective The company can be separated into several constituent parts.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The union also criticized Edwards’s constituent-services responsiveness, an issue that plagued her campaign that year. Washington Post, 10 May 2022 City Councilor Ricardo Arroyo’s phone rang around 7:30 a.m. last Monday with an unusual call from a constituent: his 70-year-old mother. Jennifer Levitz, WSJ, 28 Mar. 2022 Beach also had high praise for his constituent, Rick Jackson, as an executive of a company on the move. Ariel Hart, ajc, 17 Jan. 2018 My record includes a strong conservative voting record, outstanding constituent service, and a complete understanding of the issues most impacting citizens of the Third District. Arkansas Online, 26 Apr. 2022 The office will continue to handle constituent services. Iris Samuels, Anchorage Daily News, 19 Apr. 2022 These accounts exist to help fund council members’ office operations and constituent services. Benjamin Oreskes, Los Angeles Times, 6 Mar. 2022 The constituent hyaluronic acid complex locks in moisture for long-lasting hydrated skin. Grooming Playbook, The Salt Lake Tribune, 5 Apr. 2022 More grievous than Greene’s absence from committees, Strahan said, was her record on constituent services. The New Yorker, 24 Mar. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Societies and nations, like their constituent citizens, also have physical needs such as heating, food and water. Jemma Green, Forbes, 22 Apr. 2022 The islands are a constituent country of the Netherlands, part of the EU. Max Colchester And Margot Patrick, WSJ, 15 Mar. 2022 The modern Belarusian state is a creature of 1991, when the Soviet Union dissolved into constituent parts. Jason Fields, The Week, 22 Mar. 2022 Wang and his colleagues use a very similar process—but instead of completely breaking the battery down to its constituent chemical elements, their technique keeps some of the old cathode’s crucial composition intact. Jordan Wilkerson, Scientific American, 1 Feb. 2022 One senses the priority of the public and collective aspects of religion in the pavilion, so that the two buildings present a logical division of spiritual practice into its constituent parts. Washington Post, 25 Feb. 2022 In the days and weeks after the coup plotters were rousted and Gorbachev returned to power, the constituent republics of the Soviet Union each moved toward independence — the death of the USSR. Kori Rumore,, 25 Feb. 2022 Split in two, the northern part of the island is an overseas collectivity of France, while the southern part, named Sint Maarten, is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Nicola Chilton, CNN, 18 Feb. 2022 Two days later, the council voted to suspend Ridley-Thomas, barring him from attending council and committee meetings, executing contracts, using discretionary funds and engaging in constituent services. Alex Wigglesworth, Los Angeles Times, 5 Feb. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'constituent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of constituent


1622, in the meaning defined at sense 3


1660, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for constituent


French constituant, from Middle French, from present participle of constituer to constitute, from Latin constituere — see constitute


Latin constituent-, constituens, present participle of constituere — see constituent entry 1

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Time Traveler for constituent

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The first known use of constituent was in 1622

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Dictionary Entries Near constituent



constituent structure

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Last Updated

13 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Constituent.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 20 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for constituent


con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) \

Kids Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one of the parts or materials of which something is made : element, ingredient
2 : any of the voters who elect a person to represent them



Kids Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: forming part of a whole


con·​stit·​u·​ent | \ kən-ˈsti-chə-wənt How to pronounce constituent (audio) \

Legal Definition of constituent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : one who authorizes another to act as agent : principal
2 : a member of a constituency



Legal Definition of constituent (Entry 2 of 2)

: having the power to create a government or to frame or amend a constitution a constituent assembly

More from Merriam-Webster on constituent

Nglish: Translation of constituent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of constituent for Arabic Speakers


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