component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt How to pronounce component (audio) , ˈkäm-ˌpō-, käm-ˈpō-\

Definition of component

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a constituent part : ingredient an important component of the program stereo components
2a : any one of the vector terms added to form a vector sum or resultant
b : a coordinate of a vector also : either member of an ordered pair of numbers

component

adjective

Definition of component (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : serving or helping to constitute : constituent component parts
2 of a video signal : split into multiple channels each carrying one particular set of data (such as one channel for black and white and one for color) component input — compare composite entry 1 sense 4

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Other Words from component

Noun

componential \ ˌkäm-​pə-​ˈnen(t)-​shəl How to pronounce componential (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for component

Synonyms: Noun

building block, constituent, element, factor, ingredient, member

Antonyms: Noun

whole

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Choose the Right Synonym for component

Noun

element, component, constituent, ingredient mean one of the parts of a compound or complex whole. element applies to any such part and often connotes irreducible simplicity. the basic elements of geometry component and constituent may designate any of the substances (whether elements or compounds) or the qualities that enter into the makeup of a complex product; component stresses its separate entity or distinguishable character. the components of a stereo system constituent stresses its essential and formative character. the constituents of a chemical compound ingredient applies to any of the substances which when combined form a particular mixture. the ingredients of a cocktail

Examples of component in a Sentence

Noun

the components of an electric circuit He sells spare computer components. The interview is a key component in the hiring process. Hard work has been a major component of his success.

Adjective

the component parts of a machine
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The fragrance combines hints of lavender, pear, bergamot with coconut, praline and vanilla orchid, all pulled together with a base component of cashmere, just like your favorite, most comfy sweater. Gianluca Russo, Teen Vogue, "Ariana Grande's 'Cloud' Wins Fragrance of the Year Award," 6 June 2019 However, as many as 600,000 devotees come especially to Jejuri to cover the town — and each other — in golden swirls of turmeric, a mild, earthy spice that in its powdered form is a vital component of Indian cuisine. Washington Post, "AP PHOTOS: Hindu festival showers Indian town with turmeric," 5 June 2019 In the contract, the men and the women’s team have different collective bargaining agreements, with a marketing component And that’s a huge difference between the men and the women’s contracts. Samantha Leach, Glamour, "Abby Wambach Won't Stop Until the U.S. Women's Soccer Team Gets Equal Pay," 12 Mar. 2019 Scientists aren’t sure of their root cause, but there appears to be a genetic component, since migraines run in families. Tony Dajer, Discover Magazine, "Vertigo, Panic and Trouble Breathing: What's Going On Here?," 19 Oct. 2018 Swift has always put on a master class in how to stage a show, and for this tour she's compensated for the size of her venues with a spectacular video component that made the entire night feel like one long music video on a really big television. Jeffrey Lee Puckett, The Courier-Journal, "Taylor Swift goes big with her bad reputation at Papa John's Cardinal Stadium," 1 July 2018 That’s partly because from its screws to its Axis lock (which allows for one-handed open and close), every component is chosen for durability. Chuck Thompson, Popular Mechanics, "Why Portland, Oregon, is the Knife-making Capital of the U.S.," 25 May 2019 These pieces metamorphose, as functional components are detached and reapplied. Vogue, "19 FIT, Pratt, and Parsons 2019 Graduates on Their Collections and the Future of Fashion," 22 May 2019 Fueled by a Trump administration executive order, Huawei, a leading global smartphone maker, faces being cut off by Android OS supplier Google and other component vendors, including Intel, Microsoft and Qualcomm. Mark Hachman, PCWorld, "Huawei devices disappear from Microsoft Store and Best Buy, but remain on Amazon, Newegg," 21 May 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Once Cerar stepped down as prime minister earlier this year and the squabbling of coalition partners disappeared from the headlines, his image as a decent and component prime minister returned. Tim Haughton, Washington Post, "Slovenia voted on Sunday. Is an anti-immigrant government on the way?," 5 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'component.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of component

Noun

1645, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1664, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for component

Noun and Adjective

Latin component-, componens, present participle of componere to put together — more at compound

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Dictionary Entries near component

comply

compo

componency

component

componentry

compony

comport

Statistics for component

Last Updated

12 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for component

The first known use of component was in 1645

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More Definitions for component

component

noun

English Language Learners Definition of component

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: one of the parts of something (such as a system or mixture) : an important piece of something

component

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of component (Entry 2 of 2)

: helping to make up the whole of something (such as a system or a mixture) : forming or being a part of something

component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt How to pronounce component (audio) \

Kids Definition of component

: one of the parts or units of a combination, mixture, or system

component

noun
com·​po·​nent | \ kəm-ˈpō-nənt, ˈkäm-ˌ, käm-ˈ How to pronounce component (audio) \

Medical Definition of component

: a constituent part the exocrine and endocrine components of the pancreas

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Comments on component

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