clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by or from a single progenitor cell or organism
b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
c : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA clones of identical recombinant DNA sequences
2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form : duplicate a clone of a personal computer

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to propagate a clone from
2 : to make a copy of

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Other Words from clone

Noun

clonal \ ˈklō-​nᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ ˈklō-​nə-​lē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

Verb

cloner \ ˈklō-​nər How to pronounce cloner (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?

Cloning is the production of a population of genetically identical cells or of organisms asexually produced by a single cell or organism. Cloning is fundamental to most living things, since the body cells of plants and animals are clones that come from a single fertilized egg. More narrowly, the term refers to an individual organism grown from a single body cell of its parent that is genetically identical to the parent. Cloning has been commonplace in horticulture since ancient times — many varieties of plants are cloned simply by obtaining cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots and replanting them. The body cells of adult humans and other animals are routinely cultured as clones in the laboratory. British researchers achieved the first success in cloning an adult mammal in 1996. They produced a lamb, which they named Dolly, using DNA from an adult sheep.

Examples of clone in a Sentence

Noun the clone of an adult female sheep the car is a clone under a different brand name—it's even manufactured in the same plant as its cousin Verb Do you think scientists should clone humans? a plant produced by cloning
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Instagram’s nearly three-years old Stories feature, an almost direct clone of Snapchat Stories, has roughly twice as many daily active users as Snapchat. Amrita Khalid, Quartz, "Snapchat is finding new life outside the US," 23 Oct. 2019 The film follows Will Smith who battles a younger clone of himself, which director Ang Lee achieved through hyperrealistic visuals. Dave Mcnary, chicagotribune.com, "‘Joker’ remains box office ruler with $55 million," 13 Oct. 2019 To many, creating clones is even worse when so many animals need a loving home. Roxanne Roberts, Anchorage Daily News, "When is the best time to clone your dog?," 11 July 2019 Barbra Streisand really, really loved her dog, Samantha—so much so, that after the pup passed away last year, the iconic singer and actress created clones of the pooch. Kelly O'sullivan, Country Living, "Barbra Streisand Created Clones of Her Dog Who Passed Away," 1 Mar. 2018 Nursery practitioners can therefore deliberately fragment corals to create genetically identical clones. Rebecca Albright, Scientific American, "Scientists Are Taking Extreme Steps to Help Corals Survive," 1 Jan. 2018 Unlike the Qaseth-1, the Iranian KH-55 clones potentially have a range of up to 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles). Sean Gallagher, Ars Technica, "Missiles and drones that hit Saudi oil fields: Made in Iran, but fired by whom?," 16 Sep. 2019 The clone is missing a patch of black fur that graced Garlic’s chin. New York Times, "His Cat’s Death Left Him Heartbroken. So He Cloned It.," 4 Sep. 2019 But growing clones is expensive—and takes up a lot of space. Hannah Wallace, WIRED, "High Drama: A Cannabis Biotech Company Roils Small Growers," 24 July 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb This is what happens to art under capitalism; success is cloned until the market shifts and something new worms its way into the zeitgeist. Adam Wilson, Harper's magazine, "Good Bad Bad Good," 16 Sep. 2019 Trees can clone themselves into 80,000-year-old superorganisms. Ellie Shechet, New York Times, "Do Plants Have Something to Say?," 28 Aug. 2019 Those involved with the science around cloning agree. Karen Weintraub, Discover Magazine, "Cloning's Long Legacy — And Why It'll Never Be Used on Humans," 29 Apr. 2019 But then Huang read about a company that clones pets. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Column: Some things may be best kept out of fridge," 8 Sep. 2019 At a nearby lab bench, Anthony Kushta, an intern and aspiring cardiologist, monitored the livelihood of cells that eventually will be harvested and cloned to mimic the outer surface of the HIV virus. Alison Kuznitz, BostonGlobe.com, "Science in their DNA: Internship at Harvard affiliate inspires high school students," 21 Aug. 2019 Tech companies have accused Bytedance of cloning American innovations. Yoko Kubota, WSJ, "TikTok’s Videos Are Goofy. Its Strategy to Dominate Social Media Is Serious.," 29 June 2019 And so, at the beginning, their actions were to delay: Mark sending his emails, designing his models, imagining having Kelly cloned. Kent Babb / Washington Post, Twin Cities, "MN native and olympic cyclist Kelly Catlin could do it all — until it all became too much," 29 July 2019 Early on, cartel members cloned other people’s phone numbers to make calls. Nicole Hong, WSJ, "What El Chapo’s Trial Revealed: The Inner Workings of a $14 Billion Drug Empire," 12 Feb. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clone.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clone

Noun

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1930, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for clone

Noun

Greek klōn twig, slip; akin to Greek klan to break — more at clast

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Statistics for clone

Last Updated

20 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for clone

The first known use of clone was in 1903

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More Definitions for clone

clone

noun
How to pronounce clone (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

biology : a plant or animal that is grown from one cell of its parent and that has exactly the same genes as its parent
: a product (such as a computer) that is a copy of another product produced by a well-known company
: a person or thing that appears to be an exact copy of another person or thing

clone

verb

English Language Learners Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make an exact copy of (a person, animal, or plant) : to make a clone of (something or someone)

clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Medical Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by a single progenitor cell or organism
2 : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
3 : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA

Other Words from clone

clonal \ ˈklōn-​ᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ -​ᵊl-​ē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Medical Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to propagate a clone from frogs have been successfully cloned by transplanting nuclei from body cells to enucleated eggs

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Comments on clone

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