clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by or from a single progenitor cell or organism
b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
c : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA clones of identical recombinant DNA sequences
2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form : duplicate a clone of a personal computer

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to propagate a clone from
2 : to make a copy of

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Other Words from clone

Noun

clonal \ ˈklō-​nᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ ˈklō-​nə-​lē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

Verb

cloner \ ˈklō-​nər How to pronounce cloner (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?

Cloning is the production of a population of genetically identical cells or of organisms asexually produced by a single cell or organism. Cloning is fundamental to most living things, since the body cells of plants and animals are clones that come from a single fertilized egg. More narrowly, the term refers to an individual organism grown from a single body cell of its parent that is genetically identical to the parent. Cloning has been commonplace in horticulture since ancient times — many varieties of plants are cloned simply by obtaining cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots and replanting them. The body cells of adult humans and other animals are routinely cultured as clones in the laboratory. British researchers achieved the first success in cloning an adult mammal in 1996. They produced a lamb, which they named Dolly, using DNA from an adult sheep.

Examples of clone in a Sentence

Noun

the clone of an adult female sheep the car is a clone under a different brand name—it's even manufactured in the same plant as its cousin

Verb

Do you think scientists should clone humans? a plant produced by cloning
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

If the plants survive, they’ll be used as mothers, with clones clipped off their branches and propagated. Ally Marotti, chicagotribune.com, "'This is farming like we’ve never done before.' Illinois hemp farmers face risks with first planting of newly legal crop.," 14 June 2019 The trend is so pervasive that an Instagram account with nearly 40,000 followers, The Midtown Uniform (@midtownuniform), has sprung up to savagely document these corporate clones in cities like New York, Toronto and Washington D.C. Jacob Gallagher, WSJ, "How the Fleece Vest Became the New Corporate Uniform," 24 July 2018 Usually this means one version of the AI agent playing against an identical clone. James Vincent, The Verge, "DeepMind’s AI agents exceed ‘human-level’ gameplay in Quake III," 4 July 2018 There's no word on how close to the OG script the Roswell revival will stay (maybe some evil clones?) but the show will reportedly take a political turn. Lauren Rearick, Teen Vogue, "CW Announces "The Vampire Diaries" and "The Originals" Spinoff, "Legacies"," 12 May 2018 Rodriguez said ViaGen cautions prospective clients that while the company can guaranty a clone that’s genetically identical to the parent, personalities are a complicated mix of nature and nurture. Mary Carole Mccauley, baltimoresun.com, "These puppies may be Maryland's first cloned dogs," 2 May 2018 Chinese Android builds are almost always lame iOS clones, so a stock Android ROM can give you a more normal and consistent Android experience. Ron Amadeo, Ars Technica, "What you need to know before importing that exotic Chinese Android phone," 9 Nov. 2018 Journal Report More in Wealth Management Investing experts say funds tracking the same index aren’t necessarily clones, which is why investors shouldn’t base their buying decisions on fees alone. Jeff Brown, WSJ, "Why Fund Investors Should Look Beyond Fees," 21 Oct. 2018 Similar challenges would exist with trying to clone a woolly mammoth or other extinct species. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "Once Implicated in Cloning Fraud, This Scientist Now Wants to Bring Back an Extinct Ice-Age Horse," 7 Sep. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Since expanding from livestock into pet cloning more than two years ago, ViaGen has cloned more than 100 pets, Rodriguez said, and more than half are dogs. Mary Carole Mccauley, baltimoresun.com, "These puppies may be Maryland's first cloned dogs," 2 May 2018 So what happens when an Arab monarch sets out to clone the distinctive culture of a New England boarding school? Richard Mcgill Murphy, Town & Country, "Desert Prep," 17 Dec. 2012 If you were cloned, would the clone have the same sense of humor as you? Popular Mechanics Editors, Popular Mechanics, "Would Your Clone Have the Same Sense of Humor?," 9 Apr. 2019 For the last decade, the 32-year-old computer programmer roiled the political establishment with digital intrusions, like cloning the presidential blog to allow comments. Shasta Darlington, New York Times, "Fed Up With Corruption, Fresh Faces Take On Brazil’s Political Old Guard," 2 June 2018 Black Cod with Miso This sweet and silky fish dish from Nobu New York has been cloned at restaurants all over the country. Fox News, "16 decadent Christmas main dishes," 16 Dec. 2015 Today, marijuana routinely contains 20-25% THC, thanks to sophisticated farming and cloning techniques and to the demand of users to get a stronger high more quickly. Alex Berenson, WSJ, "Marijuana Is More Dangerous Than You Think," 4 Jan. 2019 Like in cloning experiments, miscarriages and deaths could occur. Deutsche Welle, USA TODAY, "Northern white rhino could be saved from extinction using embryos," 5 July 2018 If an embryo is successfully cloned, a modern horse could be used as a surrogate, experts say. James Rogers, Fox News, "Scientists want to clone this extinct, frozen prehistoric horse," 6 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clone.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clone

Noun

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1930, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for clone

Noun

Greek klōn twig, slip; akin to Greek klan to break — more at clast

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Dictionary Entries near clone

clomipramine

clomp

clonazepam

clone

clonidine

clonk

Clonmel

Statistics for clone

Last Updated

19 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for clone

The first known use of clone was in 1903

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More Definitions for clone

clone

noun

English Language Learners Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

biology : a plant or animal that is grown from one cell of its parent and that has exactly the same genes as its parent
: a product (such as a computer) that is a copy of another product produced by a well-known company
: a person or thing that appears to be an exact copy of another person or thing

clone

verb

English Language Learners Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make an exact copy of (a person, animal, or plant) : to make a clone of (something or someone)

clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Medical Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by a single progenitor cell or organism
2 : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
3 : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA

Other Words from clone

clonal \ ˈklōn-​ᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ -​ᵊl-​ē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Medical Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to propagate a clone from frogs have been successfully cloned by transplanting nuclei from body cells to enucleated eggs

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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More from Merriam-Webster on clone

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for clone

Spanish Central: Translation of clone

Nglish: Translation of clone for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of clone for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about clone

Comments on clone

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