clone

noun
\ ˈklōn \

Definition of clone 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by or from a single progenitor cell or organism
b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
c : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA clones of identical recombinant DNA sequences
2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form : duplicate a clone of a personal computer

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to propagate a clone from
2 : to make a copy of

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Other Words from clone

Noun

clonal \ ˈklō-​nᵊl \ adjective
clonally \ ˈklō-​nə-​lē \ adverb

Verb

cloner \ ˈklō-​nər \ noun

Did You Know?

Cloning is the production of a population of genetically identical cells or of organisms asexually produced by a single cell or organism. Cloning is fundamental to most living things, since the body cells of plants and animals are clones that come from a single fertilized egg. More narrowly, the term refers to an individual organism grown from a single body cell of its parent that is genetically identical to the parent. Cloning has been commonplace in horticulture since ancient times — many varieties of plants are cloned simply by obtaining cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots and replanting them. The body cells of adult humans and other animals are routinely cultured as clones in the laboratory. British researchers achieved the first success in cloning an adult mammal in 1996. They produced a lamb, which they named Dolly, using DNA from an adult sheep.

Examples of clone in a Sentence

Noun

the clone of an adult female sheep the car is a clone under a different brand name—it's even manufactured in the same plant as its cousin

Verb

Do you think scientists should clone humans? a plant produced by cloning
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Our guess is that the future video ecosystem will be a lot more complex than suggested by the Netflix vs. clones scenario. Holman W. Jenkins, WSJ, "Hollywood vs. #MeToo and Streaming," 28 Dec. 2018 The Russian connection The Dutch clones seem to be related to those previously isolated in London as well as in the Russian city of Bolgar. Diana Gitig, Ars Technica, "Medieval European plague genomes hint at Black Death’s travels," 5 Dec. 2018 This isn't the first time one of our favorite celebs has a kid who could be their clone. Kelly O'sullivan, Country Living, "'The Voice' Host Carson Daly's Son Looks Exactly Like Him," 23 Dec. 2018 Backstage at the label's fall show, the Clermont twins—fresh off Yeezy's viral Kim-clone Instagram drop—smiled into passing cameras as curling irons twirled around their mile-long platinum hair. Laura Regensdorf, Vogue, "The Trans Activist Who Closed Gypsy Sport Talks Witchy Wellness and Pink Hair," 12 Feb. 2018 But what Xpeng launched with this week was not quite as obvious a clone. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "Tesla’s competition for the Model Y is growing quickly in China," 21 Dec. 2018 The intriguing Upper Midwest outlier was the Ohio governor’s race, where Republican Mike DeWine defeated Richard Cordray, an Elizabeth Warren clone. Daniel Henninger, WSJ, "Trump 2.0 Begins," 7 Nov. 2018 In between all the fire emojis, commenters were in complete agreement that Michael is basically his dad Mark Consuelos's clone. Kayla Keegan, Good Housekeeping, "'Riverdale' Fans Flip Out Over How Much Kelly Ripa's Son Looks Like Mark Consuelos in New Instagram," 5 Nov. 2018 Of course, a Kylie Jenner clone party is going to be very pink, highly decorated, and pajama-themed! Carolyn Twersky, Seventeen, "OMG! Kylie Jenner Celebrates Her 21st Bday With Four Kylie Jenner Clones," 8 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

If an embryo is successfully cloned, a modern horse could be used as a surrogate, experts say. James Rogers, Fox News, "Scientists want to clone this extinct, frozen prehistoric horse," 6 Sep. 2018 In what can only be described as a huge first for the show, check out the moment that clones Alison and Rachel—who could not be more at odds—come face to face under slightly tense, and more than slightly shocking circumstances. Mehera Bonner, Marie Claire, "Here's Your Exclusive First Look at a *Huge* Moment in the Season Premiere of 'Orphan Black'," 9 June 2017 Called the Razer Blade 15 Mercury White Limited Edition, the laptop clones the specs of the current Advanced Edition except for the white aluminum shell and non-backlit logo on the lid. Gordon Mah Ung, PCWorld, "The Razer Blade 15 Base Model is actually affordable," 10 Oct. 2018 The other is Dennis, who shuts down the park’s security system to steal its cloning secrets and sell them to the highest bidder. David Sims, The Atlantic, "The Ballad of Ray Arnold," 11 June 2018 In a new interview with Variety, the showbiz legend revealed that Miss Violet and Miss Scarlett, her two Cotons du Tulear, were cloned using cells taken from the stomach and mouth of her beloved Samantha, who died last year at 14. Jayme Deerwester, USA TODAY, "Yes, Barbra Streisand cloned her dog — and made puns about it," 27 Feb. 2018 Having identified a sequence containing the calcium-dependence gene, the researchers cloned it and injected it into a microbe that can be cultured. Sarah Kaplan, ajc, "Scientists discover potentially powerful new antibiotic in dirt," 13 Feb. 2018 Scientists are analyzing the remains, estimated to be 30,000 to 40,000 years old, in an effort to clone the animal. James Rogers, Fox News, "Gruesome mammoth 'kill site' discovered," 7 Sep. 2018 But Adam justifies this by telling himself, and his students, that cloning humans doesn’t show a disrespect for life. Bill Goodykoontz, azcentral, "In 'Andover,' a scientist clones his dead wife," 31 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clone.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clone

Noun

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1930, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for clone

Noun

Greek klōn twig, slip; akin to Greek klan to break — more at clast

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Dictionary Entries near clone

clomipramine

clomp

clonazepam

clone

clonidine

clonk

Clonmel

Statistics for clone

Last Updated

16 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for clone

The first known use of clone was in 1903

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More Definitions for clone

clone

noun

English Language Learners Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

biology : a plant or animal that is grown from one cell of its parent and that has exactly the same genes as its parent

: a product (such as a computer) that is a copy of another product produced by a well-known company

: a person or thing that appears to be an exact copy of another person or thing

clone

verb

English Language Learners Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make an exact copy of (a person, animal, or plant) : to make a clone of (something or someone)

clone

noun
\ ˈklōn \

Medical Definition of clone 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by a single progenitor cell or organism
2 : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
3 : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA

Other Words from clone

clonal \ ˈklōn-​ᵊl \ adjective
clonally \ -​ᵊl-​ē \ adverb

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Medical Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to propagate a clone from frogs have been successfully cloned by transplanting nuclei from body cells to enucleated eggs

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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More from Merriam-Webster on clone

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for clone

Spanish Central: Translation of clone

Nglish: Translation of clone for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of clone for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about clone

Comments on clone

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