clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by or from a single progenitor cell or organism
b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
c : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA clones of identical recombinant DNA sequences
2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form : duplicate a clone of a personal computer

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to propagate a clone from
2 : to make a copy of

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Other Words from clone

Noun

clonal \ ˈklō-​nᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ ˈklō-​nə-​lē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

Verb

cloner \ ˈklō-​nər How to pronounce cloner (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?

Cloning is the production of a population of genetically identical cells or of organisms asexually produced by a single cell or organism. Cloning is fundamental to most living things, since the body cells of plants and animals are clones that come from a single fertilized egg. More narrowly, the term refers to an individual organism grown from a single body cell of its parent that is genetically identical to the parent. Cloning has been commonplace in horticulture since ancient times — many varieties of plants are cloned simply by obtaining cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots and replanting them. The body cells of adult humans and other animals are routinely cultured as clones in the laboratory. British researchers achieved the first success in cloning an adult mammal in 1996. They produced a lamb, which they named Dolly, using DNA from an adult sheep.

Examples of clone in a Sentence

Noun

the clone of an adult female sheep the car is a clone under a different brand name—it's even manufactured in the same plant as its cousin

Verb

Do you think scientists should clone humans? a plant produced by cloning
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Females drop up to 2,000 eggs over the course of two or three weeks, quickly giving rise to a ravenous army of clones. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "US invaded by savage tick that sucks animals dry, spawns without mating," 8 Aug. 2018 And so the genetic clones began to spread around the world, including the one that was given to Metcalfe. Erik Lacitis, The Seattle Times, "‘It has a story to tell’: How a descendant of Napoleon’s willow tree took root on a Seattle hillside," 30 Oct. 2018 Growing robusta in the land of arabica means starting from scratch to identify proper robusta clones, soil and microclimates for profitable yields. Julie Wernau, WSJ, "Why Does Your Coffee Taste Like Tires? A Battle Brews Between Beans," 16 Dec. 2018 Some are blatant AirPod clones, and others are less shameless but still extremely generic. Chris Welch, The Verge, "The best truly wireless earbuds to buy in 2018," 3 Aug. 2018 Facebook sent a team to the University of British Columbia in Canada with free t-shirts, dogs to pet, and the opportunity to win $1,000 in exchange for downloading its murder clone of Houseparty, Bonfire. Casey Newton, The Verge, "A looming strike over Project Dragonfly is putting new pressure on Google," 30 Nov. 2018 What can the experience of any other person—even a genetic clone—really tell us about ourselves? Julia Felsenthal, Vogue, "Three Identical Strangers Revisits a Shadowy Scientific Conspiracy," 29 June 2018 Quick integration is straightforward for a pure clone of Chromium, but the more Edge diverges from Chromium, the harder this task becomes. Peter Bright, Ars Technica, "Edge dies a death of a thousand cuts as Microsoft switches to Chromium," 6 Dec. 2018 Our guess is that the future video ecosystem will be a lot more complex than suggested by the Netflix vs. clones scenario. Holman W. Jenkins, WSJ, "Hollywood vs. #MeToo and Streaming," 28 Dec. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Black Cod with Miso This sweet and silky fish dish from Nobu New York has been cloned at restaurants all over the country. Fox News, "16 decadent Christmas main dishes," 16 Dec. 2015 Today, marijuana routinely contains 20-25% THC, thanks to sophisticated farming and cloning techniques and to the demand of users to get a stronger high more quickly. Alex Berenson, WSJ, "Marijuana Is More Dangerous Than You Think," 4 Jan. 2019 Like in cloning experiments, miscarriages and deaths could occur. Deutsche Welle, USA TODAY, "Northern white rhino could be saved from extinction using embryos," 5 July 2018 If an embryo is successfully cloned, a modern horse could be used as a surrogate, experts say. James Rogers, Fox News, "Scientists want to clone this extinct, frozen prehistoric horse," 6 Sep. 2018 In what can only be described as a huge first for the show, check out the moment that clones Alison and Rachel—who could not be more at odds—come face to face under slightly tense, and more than slightly shocking circumstances. Mehera Bonner, Marie Claire, "Here's Your Exclusive First Look at a *Huge* Moment in the Season Premiere of 'Orphan Black'," 9 June 2017 Called the Razer Blade 15 Mercury White Limited Edition, the laptop clones the specs of the current Advanced Edition except for the white aluminum shell and non-backlit logo on the lid. Gordon Mah Ung, PCWorld, "The Razer Blade 15 Base Model is actually affordable," 10 Oct. 2018 The other is Dennis, who shuts down the park’s security system to steal its cloning secrets and sell them to the highest bidder. David Sims, The Atlantic, "The Ballad of Ray Arnold," 11 June 2018 In a new interview with Variety, the showbiz legend revealed that Miss Violet and Miss Scarlett, her two Cotons du Tulear, were cloned using cells taken from the stomach and mouth of her beloved Samantha, who died last year at 14. Jayme Deerwester, USA TODAY, "Yes, Barbra Streisand cloned her dog — and made puns about it," 27 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clone.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clone

Noun

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1930, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for clone

Noun

Greek klōn twig, slip; akin to Greek klan to break — more at clast

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Dictionary Entries near clone

clomipramine

clomp

clonazepam

clone

clonidine

clonk

Clonmel

Statistics for clone

Last Updated

10 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for clone

The first known use of clone was in 1903

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More Definitions for clone

clone

noun

English Language Learners Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

biology : a plant or animal that is grown from one cell of its parent and that has exactly the same genes as its parent
: a product (such as a computer) that is a copy of another product produced by a well-known company
: a person or thing that appears to be an exact copy of another person or thing

clone

verb

English Language Learners Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make an exact copy of (a person, animal, or plant) : to make a clone of (something or someone)

clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Medical Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by a single progenitor cell or organism
2 : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
3 : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA

Other Words from clone

clonal \ ˈklōn-​ᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ -​ᵊl-​ē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Medical Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to propagate a clone from frogs have been successfully cloned by transplanting nuclei from body cells to enucleated eggs

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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More from Merriam-Webster on clone

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for clone

Spanish Central: Translation of clone

Nglish: Translation of clone for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of clone for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about clone

Comments on clone

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