aficionado

noun
afi·​cio·​na·​do | \ə-ˌfi-sh(ē-)ə-ˈnä-(ˌ)dō, -fē-, -sē-ə-\
variants: or less commonly
plural aficionados also afficionados

Definition of aficionado 

: a person who likes, knows about, and appreciates a usually fervently pursued interest or activity : devotee aficionados of the bullfight movie aficionados

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Synonyms & Antonyms for aficionado

Synonyms

addict, buff, bug, devotee, enthusiast, fan, fanatic, fancier, fiend, fool, freak, habitué (also habitue), head, hound, junkie (also junky), lover, maniac, maven (also mavin), nut, sucker

Antonyms

nonfan

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Did You Know?

The affection an aficionado has for his or her favorite subject isn't merely emotional-it's also etymological. Back in the early 1800s, English borrowed aficionado from the past participle of the Spanish verb aficionar, which means "to inspire affection." That verb comes from the Spanish noun afición, meaning "affection." Both Spanish words trace to the Latin affectio (which is also an ancestor of the English word affection). Affectio, in turn, is from afficere ("to influence") and gave English speakers the noun and verbs affect.

Examples of aficionado in a Sentence

Such are the issues that spark hot debate among pizza chefs and aficionados. I recently visited some of the most dedicated pizza makers in the United States to have them demonstrate what makes their pizza special. — Harvey Steiman, Wine Spectator, 30 June 2008 The quality varies with the individual authors, but both history buffs and aficionados of literary criticism will find food for thought here. Publishers Weekly, 8 Jan. 2001 When film aficionados speak of film noir, they usually refer to the look and attitude of certain films. As critics have found, such films do not form a genre; at best, they suggest a movement. — Bonnie Smothers, Booklist, 15 Nov. 1999 Beyond scuba diving, North Carolina's Crystal Coast and Cape Lookout are famous for fishing. Although I'm not an aficionado myself, prospective anglers need only walk the docks of Moorehead City to book inshore or Gulf Stream excursions … — James Sturz, New York Times, 26 Apr. 1998 an aficionado of the sci-fi series who has seen all the movies several times
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Recent Examples on the Web

Any preview of the world’s most important sporting event starts with the opening round, and some of this year’s matchups are an aficionado’s dream: Portugal vs. Spain (Friday): The great Ronaldo gets a severe test right out of the gate. Bruce Jenkins, San Francisco Chronicle, "The World Cup arrives, with its galaxy of stars," 13 June 2018 Many Burgundy aficionados feel that Meursault-Perrières qualifies as a Grand Cru, the highest designation in the classification, and Roulot’s version certainly adds weight to the case. Jay Mcinerney, Town & Country, "Meet Jean-Marc Roulot, the Actor Turned Top French Winemaker," 29 May 2018 Corrigan advises a lampshade for a starter fringe, whereas more adventurous design aficionados can opt for a larger statement piece. Elise Taylor, Vogue, "Fringe Benefits: Why Tassels and Trimmings Are Making an Interior Design Comeback," 25 May 2018 Only diehard royal family aficionados should purchase—and people who really like socks. Christopher Rosa, Glamour, "The Royal Wedding Memorabilia Is Out of Control in the Best Way Possible," 11 May 2018 Most kitchen aficionados might think that the cake came from, well, Germany, when in fact the name came from one Sam German (1802-88) who invented a form of mild, dark baking chocolate for Baker's Chocolate Company in 1852. Craig Hlavaty, Houston Chronicle, "The not-so-German origins of German chocolate cake," 9 May 2018 In that sense, J. Cole fans are a lot like black wine aficionados. Michael Harriot, The Root, "Stans, Ranked," 20 Apr. 2018 Local librarian and graphic novel aficionado Diane Rice interviews GirlBoner host August McLaughlin on the depiction of gender and sexuality in graphic novels. idahostatesman, "Authors abound around town at this year’s Storyfort | Idaho Statesman," 17 Mar. 2018 Last Rites is the latest high-profile project from theme-bar aficionados Justin Lew and Ian Scalzo, the same folks who two years ago opened Divisadero’s popular bar Horsefeather. Justin Phillips, SFChronicle.com, "SF’s tiki bar to end all tiki bars is quietly brooding in Duboce Triangle," 21 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aficionado.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of aficionado

1819, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for aficionado

borrowed from Spanish aficionado, from past participle of aficionar "to inspire devotion or affection in," verbal derivative of afición "liking, interest," going back to earlier afeción, afección, borrowed from Latin affectiōn-, affectiō "feeling, feeling of attachment" — more at affection

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Last Updated

10 Nov 2018

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Time Traveler for aficionado

The first known use of aficionado was in 1819

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Spanish Central: Translation of aficionado

Britannica English: Translation of aficionado for Arabic Speakers

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