affectation

noun
af·​fec·​ta·​tion | \ ˌa-ˌfek-ˈtā-shən How to pronounce affectation (audio) \

Definition of affectation

1a : speech or conduct not natural to oneself : an unnatural form of behavior meant especially to impress others His French accent is just an affectation.
b : the act of taking on or displaying an attitude or mode of behavior not natural to oneself or not genuinely felt speaking honestly without affectation mocked his piety as affectation
2 obsolete : a striving after

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Choose the Right Synonym for affectation

pose, air, airs, affectation, mannerism mean an adopted way of speaking or behaving. pose implies an attitude deliberately assumed in order to impress others. her shyness was just a pose air may suggest natural acquirement through environment or way of life. a traveler's sophisticated air airs always implies artificiality and pretentiousness. snobbish airs affectation applies to a trick of speech or behavior that strikes the observer as insincere. the posh accent is an affectation mannerism applies to an acquired eccentricity that has become a habit. gesturing with a cigarette was her most noticeable mannerism

Affectation and Affection

Affectation looks a lot like a much more common word, affection. But the two are used very differently.

The more familiar word, affection, in modern use means "a feeling of liking and caring for someone or something," as in "They show their dog a lot of affection."

Affectation, on the other hand, refers to a form of behavior that's unnatural to the person engaging in it, and that is meant to impress other people. A phony accent someone uses to sound more sophisticated, for example, can be considered an affectation, as can pretending to know all about some obscure band in order to seem cool.

The words don't have much in common in their use, but their similarity in appearance is not coincidence. Both have to do with one of the trickiest words in the language: affect.

Affect is one of the most frequently looked-up words in the dictionary, primarily because of its regular confusion with effect. The short rationale that you often hear when it comes to distinguishing the two is that effect is usually a noun and affect is a verb. The breakdown isn't all that simple, however, and what makes things even more confusing is that there are two verb entries for affect.

One affect entry is for the sense meaning "to produce an effect upon (someone)" or "to act upon (a person, a person's mind or feelings, etc.) so as to effect a response." This is the sense that connects to affection, as in "We were affected by the young woman's heartfelt speech." Being affected by something in this way doesn't necessarily result in affection, but it can.

The other verb affect is defined as "to make a display of liking or using : cultivate" or "to put a pretense on : feign." It is used when talking about things like styles or mannerisms, as in "He affected a British accent and tweedy look after reading nothing but Sherlock Holmes stories for months on end."

The two verbs affect took different etymological paths from the same origin. The "put on a pretense" sense of affect derives via Middle English and Anglo-French from the Latin affectāre, meaning "to try to accomplish, strive after, pretend to have." Affectāre is a derivative of afficere, which means "to produce an effect on, exert an influence on"; the affect related to affection is from a variant of afficere.

Examples of affectation in a Sentence

His French accent is just an affectation. a woman of great affectation at social gatherings
Recent Examples on the Web According to former colleagues, Holmes’s signature baritone is an affectation, fitting alongside the black turtlenecks and other aspects of her Silicon Valley visionary persona. Matthew Herper, STAT, 1 Sep. 2021 Suddenly that became the engine, because then suddenly the silence made sense and wasn't just an affectation. Chancellor Agard, EW.com, 29 Aug. 2021 My inner cynic wondered if her cadence was an affectation put on for people like me. Lauren Pinnington, refinery29.com, 17 May 2021 My growing affectation for him aside, Ethan Winters isn’t likely to enter the pantheon of great video game characters. Washington Post, 14 May 2021 Honestly, the moment in 1983 when Elektra, standing in front of her mother, drops her haughty affectation and reverts back to the vocal cadences her mother would recognize is a thing of beauty. Manuel Betancourt, Vulture, 9 May 2021 But to Hawley, labor is more a cultural affectation, not an issue of basic sustenance, dignity, and survival. Jacob Silverman, The New Republic, 4 May 2021 Guess which of these descriptions is affectation and which is useful and reassuring. Deborah Treisman, The New Yorker, 3 May 2021 The beret is the perfect affectation for the searcher, the seeker and the student. Dave Schilling, Los Angeles Times, 17 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'affectation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of affectation

1548, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

History and Etymology for affectation

borrowed from Middle French & Latin; Middle French affectation, borrowed from Latin affectātiōn-, affectātiō "striving after, strained manner (in rhetoric)," from affectāre "to strive after, try to accomplish, pretend to have" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at affect entry 2

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Learn More About affectation

Time Traveler for affectation

Time Traveler

The first known use of affectation was in 1548

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Dictionary Entries Near affectation

affectate

affectation

affectatious

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Statistics for affectation

Last Updated

13 Sep 2021

Cite this Entry

“Affectation.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/affectation. Accessed 17 Sep. 2021.

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Nglish: Translation of affectation for Spanish Speakers

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