in·​fla·​tion in-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce inflation (audio)
: an act of inflating : a state of being inflated: such as
: a hypothetical extremely brief period of very rapid expansion of the universe immediately following the big bang
: empty pretentiousness : pomposity
: a continuing rise in the general price level usually attributed to an increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods and services

Example Sentences

the inflation of a balloon The government has been unable to control inflation. The rate of inflation is high.
Recent Examples on the Web Dim Christmas lighting to send a message of energy conservation and solidarity with citizens squeezed by higher utility bills and inflation, while protecting public coffers. Colleen Barry, ajc, 26 Nov. 2022 But some economists worry that the payments could fuel inflation. Ana Swanson, New York Times, 26 Nov. 2022 Cautious shoppers hunted Friday for the best deals at stores and online as retailers offered new discounts to entice consumers weighed down by inflation but eager to start buying Christmas gifts. Arkansas Online, 26 Nov. 2022 Although LARK Toys isn't offering storewide sales during the holiday season, shoppers, for the most part, haven't been deterred by prices, which have risen over the past year to keep up with inflation, Gray-Burlingame said. Elisabeth Buchwald, USA TODAY, 25 Nov. 2022 The most potent weapon in this war was supplied by Oz himself, whose stunt shopping at a local grocery store to highlight inflation became this cycle’s Dukakis in the tank. Ian Crouch, The New Yorker, 25 Nov. 2022 For local property owners, those increases are likely to be overshadowed by larger economic forces like inflation and the Federal Reserve’s recent increases to interest rates. Zachariah Hughes, Anchorage Daily News, 25 Nov. 2022 But the bargains weren’t enough to tempt some shoppers as concerns about inflation and the economy continued to mount. Suzanne Kapner, WSJ, 25 Nov. 2022 The holiday shopping season kicks off unofficially with Black Friday, but post-Thanksgiving crowds are expected to be watching every dollar this year as continued high inflation threatens their buying power. Harold Maass, The Week, 25 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'inflation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of inflation was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near inflation

Cite this Entry

“Inflation.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 29 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition



in·​fla·​tion in-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce inflation (audio)
: an act of inflating : the state of being inflated
: a continual increase in the price of goods and services

More from Merriam-Webster on inflation

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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