Examples of accoutre in a sentence
hikers accoutred with walking sticks, water bottles, trail maps, and compasses
Origin and Etymology of accoutre
borrowed from French accoutrer, going back to Middle French acoutrer, acoustrer, going back to Old French acoutrer “to put in place, position,” perhaps going back to Gallo-Romance *acconsūtūrāre “to sew together, mend,” from a-, prefix forming transitive verbs (going back to Latin ad- ad-) + *consūtūra “sewing, seam” — more at couture ◆If the etymon behind accoutrer is *accō(n)sūtūrāre (>*accōs(ŭ)tūrāre?), the sense development is presumably from “sew together, mend” to “prepare, trim, adorn.” The phonetic development is more difficult; the assumption is that the tonic form would be *acostur (1. singular) and the weak form nous acostrons, with the weak form being generalized throughout the paradigm. The longer form is evidenced in 13th-century racousturer, “to stitch up (a wound), mend (a garment)” (unless this verb is built independently on cousture). Such a development is possible, but it has been pointed out that verbs derived from nouns in -ūra tend to preserve the -ū-: amesurer, afaiturer, empasturer (though most such verbs clearly do not date back to earlier Gallo-Romance or Vulgar Latin). An alternative explanation sees accoutrer as a derivative of coutre, “coulter, blade (of a plow),” in which case the -s- in acoustrer would be hypercorrection ([s] in this position having disappeared by the 14th century); but the semantic development of such a verb is hardly transparent.
First Known Use: 1533
Synonym Discussion of accoutre
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