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1

down

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adverb \ˈdau̇n\

Simple Definition of down

  • : from a higher to a lower place or position

  • : in a low position or place

  • : to or toward the ground or floor

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of down

  1. 1 a (1) :  toward or in a lower physical position (2) :  to a lying or sitting position (3) :  toward or to the ground, floor, or bottom b :  as a down payment <paid $10 down> c :  on paper <put down what he says>

  2. 2 :  in a direction that is the opposite of up: as a :  southward b :  to or toward a point away from the speaker or the speaker's point of reference c :  in or into the stomach <can't keep food down>

  3. 3 :  to a lesser degree, level, or rate <cool down tensions>

  4. 4 :  to or toward a lower position in a series

  5. 5 a :  to or in a lower or worse condition or status b —used to indicate thoroughness or completion <dusted down the house> <described him down to his haircut>

  6. 6 :  from a past time <stories passed down by word of mouth>

  7. 7 :  to or in a state of less activity or prominence

  8. 8 :  to a concentrated state <got the report down to three pages>

  9. 9 :  into defeat <voted the motion down>

down to the ground

  1. :  perfectly, completely <that suits me down to the ground>

Examples of down in a sentence

  1. The land slopes down to the sea.

  2. She called down to her friends in the street below.

  3. They set the cake down on the table.

  4. Lay down your book for a minute.

  5. We watched the sun go down.

  6. We keep our wine collection down in the basement.

  7. What's going on down there?

  8. He fell down and hurt his knee.

  9. Climb down out of that tree!

  10. He knocked him down with one punch.



Origin and Etymology of down

Middle English doun, from Old English dūne, short for adūne, of dūne, from a- (from of), of off, from + dūne, dative of dūn hill


First Known Use: before 12th century


2

down

preposition

Simple Definition of down

  • : from a higher to a lower part of (something)

  • : along the course or path of (something)

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of down

  1. :  down along, around, through, toward, in, into, or on <fell down the stairs> <down the years>

Examples of down in a sentence

  1. Sweat dripped down her neck.

  2. The children ran down the hill.

  3. She fell down the stairs.

  4. He climbed down the ladder.

  5. He spilled mustard down the front of his shirt.

  6. Her hair hung loosely down her back.

  7. Go down the road and turn left.

  8. We grew up down the block from each other.

  9. The bathroom is halfway down the hall on the right.

  10. His pitches were right down the middle of the plate.



14th Century

First Known Use of down

14th century


3

down

verb

Simple Definition of down

  • : to cause (something) to fall to the ground

  • : to eat or drink (something) especially quickly

  • American football : to cause (a football) to be out of play

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of down

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to cause to go or come down: as a :  bring down 1 <downed the enemy helicopter> b :  consume 3 <downing slices of pizza>

  3. 2 :  to cause (a football) to be out of play

  4. 3 :  defeat <down a proposal>

  5. intransitive verb
  6. :  to go down

Examples of down in a sentence

  1. The storm downed power lines throughout the city.

  2. a large number of downed power lines

  3. They were downing beers and watching the game on TV.

  4. The quarterback downed the ball to stop the clock.



1562

First Known Use of down

1562


4

down

adjective

Simple Definition of down

  • : in a low place or position : on the ground or floor

  • : going downward

  • : lower in price or value

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of down

  1. 1 a (1) :  occupying a low position; specifically :  lying on the ground <down timber> (2) :  directed or going downward <attendance is down> b :  lower in price c :  not being in play in football because of wholly stopped progress or because the officials stop the play <the ball was down> d :  defeated or trailing an opponent (as in points scored) <down by two runs> e baseball :  out <two down in the top of the third inning>

  2. 2 a :  reduced or low in activity, frequency, or intensity <a down economy> b :  not operating or able to function <the computer is down> c :  depressed, dejected <feeling a bit down>; also :  depressing <a down movie> d :  sick <down with flu>

  3. 3 :  done, finished <eight down and two to go>

  4. 4 :  completely mastered <had her lines down> —often used with pat <got the answers down pat>

  5. 5 a slang :  cool 7 b slang :  understanding or supportive of something or someone —usually used with with <trying to prove that they were down with hip-hop culture — J. E. White>

  6. 6 :  being on record <you're down for two tickets>

down on

  1. :  having a low opinion of or dislike for

down on one's luck

  1. :  experiencing misfortune and especially financial distress

Examples of down in a sentence

  1. The window shades were down.

  2. The candy is down on the bottom shelf.

  3. There was a pile of dirty clothes down on the floor.

  4. She took the down escalator.

  5. These changes should help keep prices down.

  6. Stocks are down again today.



Circa 1565

First Known Use of down

circa 1565


5

down

noun

Definition of down

  1. 1 :  descent, depression

  2. 2 :  an instance of putting down

  3. 3 a :  a complete play to advance the ball in football b :  one of a series of four attempts in American football or three attempts in Canadian football to advance the ball 10 yards

  4. 4 chiefly British :  dislike, grudge

  5. 5 :  downer

  6. 6 :  a fundamental quark that has an electric charge of -13 and that is one of the constituents of a nucleon



1710

First Known Use of down

1710


6

down

noun

Definition of down

  1. 1 :  an undulating usually treeless upland with sparse soil —usually used in plural

  2. 2 often capitalized :  a sheep of any breed originating in the downs of southern England



Origin and Etymology of down

Middle English doun hill, from Old English dūn


First Known Use: 14th century

Other Animal Husbandry Terms


7

down

noun

Definition of down

  1. 1 :  a covering of soft fluffy feathers; also :  these feathers

  2. 2 :  something soft and fluffy like down



Origin and Etymology of down

Middle English doun, from Old Norse dūnn


First Known Use: 14th century


Down

noun

Definition of Down

  1. :  down syndrome —usually used attributively <a Down baby>



1994

First Known Use of down

1994


Down

play
geographical name \ˈdau̇n\

Definition of Down

  1. 1 district SE Northern Ireland, established 1974 area 250 square miles (650 square kilometers), pop 57,511

  2. 2 traditional county SE Northern Ireland





DOWN Defined for Kids

1

down

play
adverb \ˈdau̇n\

Definition of down for Students

  1. 1 :  toward or in a lower position <He jumped up and down.>

  2. 2 :  to a lying or sitting position <Please sit down.>

  3. 3 :  toward or to the ground, floor, or bottom <She fell down.>

  4. 4 :  below the horizon <The sun went down.>

  5. 5 :  to or toward the south <We're heading down to Florida.>

  6. 6 :  in or into the stomach <They gulped down lunch.>

  7. 7 :  as a down payment <I paid five dollars down.>

  8. 8 :  on paper <Write this down.>

  9. 9 :  to a lower level or rate <Turn the volume down.> <Slow down.>

  10. 10 :  to a weaker or worse condition <The quality of their food has gone down.>

  11. 11 :  from a past time <These stories were handed down.>

  12. 12 :  to or in a state of less activity <Everyone quiet down, please.>

  13. 13 :  in a way that limits movement <Tie the load down.>




2

down

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preposition

Definition of down for Students

  1. 1 :  from a higher to a lower point of something <She climbed down the ladder.>

  2. 2 :  along the course or path of <We walked down the beach.>




3

down

play
verb

Definition of down for Students

downed

downing

  1. 1 :  to go or cause to go or come to the ground <Wind downed the power line.>

  2. 2 :  eat 1 <They downed their lunch.>

  3. 3 :  1defeat 2 <Voters downed the new law.>




4

down

play
adjective

Definition of down for Students

  1. 1 :  in a low position <The window shades are down.>

  2. 2 :  directed or going downward <the down escalator>

  3. 3 :  at a lower level <Sales were down.>

  4. 4 :  having a lower score <Our team is down by two.>

  5. 5 :  sad 1 <You look so down. What's wrong?>

  6. 6 :  not working <The system is down.>

  7. 7 :  finished or completed <I have two down, and two to go.>

  8. 8 :  learned completely <I have the dance steps down.>




5

down

play
noun

Definition of down for Students

  1. :  a low or falling period <Life has its ups and downs.>




6

down

play
noun

Definition of down for Students

  1. :  a high area of land with low hills and no trees —usually used in pl. <the grassy downs>




7

down

play
noun

Definition of down for Students

  1. 1 :  soft fluffy feathers <goose down>

  2. 2 :  small soft hairs <the down of a peach>





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