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1

character

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noun char·ac·ter \ˈker-ik-tər, ˈka-rik-\

Simple Definition of character

  • : the way someone thinks, feels, and behaves : someone's personality

  • : a set of qualities that are shared by many people in a group, country, etc.

  • : a set of qualities that make a place or thing different from other places or things

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of character

  1. 1 a :  a conventionalized graphic device placed on an object as an indication of ownership, origin, or relationship b :  a graphic symbol (as a hieroglyph or alphabet letter) used in writing or printing c :  a magical or astrological emblem d :  alphabet e (1) :  writing, printing (2) :  style of writing or printing (3) :  cipher f :  a symbol (as a letter or number) that represents information; also :  a representation of such a symbol that may be accepted by a computer

  2. 2 a :  one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish an individual b (1) :  a feature used to separate distinguishable things into categories; also :  a group or kind so separated <advertising of a very primitive character> (2) :  the detectable expression of the action of a gene or group of genes (3) :  the aggregate of distinctive qualities characteristic of a breed, strain, or type <a wine of great character> c :  the complex of mental and ethical traits marking and often individualizing a person, group, or nation <the character of the American people> d :  main or essential nature especially as strongly marked and serving to distinguish <excess sewage gradually changed the character of the lake>

  3. 3 :  position, capacity <his character as a town official>

  4. 4 :  reference 4b

  5. 5 :  reputation <the scandal has damaged his character and image>

  6. 6 :  moral excellence and firmness <a man of sound character>

  7. 7 a :  a person marked by notable or conspicuous traits <quite a character> b :  one of the persons of a drama or novel c :  the personality or part which an actor recreates <an actress who can create a character convincingly> d :  characterization especially in drama or fiction e :  person, individual <a suspicious character>

  8. 8 :  a short literary sketch of the qualities of a social type

characterless

play \-ləs\ adjective

in character

  1. :  in accord with a person's usual qualities or traits <behaving in character>

out of character

  1. :  not in accord with a person's usual qualities or traits <his rudeness was completely out of character>

Examples of character in a sentence

  1. … this makes everyone believe not only that anyone can be a parent, but also that everyone ought to do it, even those who seem by character or inclination to be ill equipped. —Anna Quindlen, Newsweek, 27 Apr. 2009

  2. “Beat” is old carny slang. According to Beat Movement legend (and it is a movement with a deep inventory of legend), Ginsberg and Kerouac picked it up from a character named Herbert Huncke, a gay street hustler and drug addict from Chicago who began hanging around Times Square in 1939 … —Louis Menand, New Yorker, 1 Oct. 2007

  3. Someone with Alzheimer's may undergo a regression to a “second childhood,” but aspects of one's essential character, of personality and personhood, of self, survive … —Oliver Sacks, Musicophilia, (2007) 2008

  4. Slowly, steadily, Och and Chris passed along their knowledge of the characterof various courses, and the way a race evolves tactically. —Lance Armstrong, It's Not About the Bike, (2000) 2001

  5. Her character struck the Swede back then as a compound in which you'd find just about everything toxic to desperation and dread. At the core of her he could imagine a nucleus of confidence plaited just as neatly and tightly as her braided hair. —Philip Roth, American Pastoral, 1997

  6. the unique character of the town

  7. The building is very simple in character.

  8. Their house has a lot of character.



Traits of character

Character demonstrates that a word may have many and varied meanings and yet still be easily understood by most listeners when used in disparate settings. We have little trouble distinguishing the meanings of the noun in “she had a fine and noble character,” “Bill is always joking; he’s such a character,” and “He was the last character to appear in the play,” not to mention its many other applications. Character comes ultimately from the Greek charaktēr (“mark, distinctive quality”), which passed through Latin and French before landing in English. The Greek noun itself is derived from the verb charassein, meaning “to sharpen, cut in furrows, or engrave.” The literal sense of the noun (“an engraved or imprinted mark”) existed in Greek, Latin, and French side by side with the figurative one (“a distinctive quality”), and both senses were borrowed into English early on, with a variant of the figurative sense appearing first.

Origin and Etymology of character

Middle English caracter, from Latin character mark, distinctive quality, from Greek charaktēr, from charassein to scratch, engrave; perhaps akin to Lithuanian žerti to scratch


First Known Use: 14th century

Synonym Discussion of character

disposition, temperament, temper, character, personality mean the dominant quality or qualities distinguishing a person or group. disposition implies customary moods and attitude toward the life around one <a cheerful disposition>. temperament implies a pattern of innate characteristics associated with one's specific physical and nervous organization <an artistic temperament>. temper implies the qualities acquired through experience that determine how a person or group meets difficulties or handles situations <a resilient temper>. character applies to the aggregate of moral qualities by which a person is judged apart from intelligence, competence, or special talents <strength of character>. personality applies to an aggregate of qualities that distinguish one as a person <a somber personality>.

quality, property, character, attribute mean an intelligible feature by which a thing may be identified. quality is a general term applicable to any trait or characteristic whether individual or generic <material with a silky quality>. property implies a characteristic that belongs to a thing's essential nature and may be used to describe a type or species <the property of not conducting heat>. character applies to a peculiar and distinctive quality of a thing or a class <remarks of an unseemly character>. attribute implies a quality ascribed to a thing or a being <the attributes of a military hero>.

type, kind, sort, nature, description, character mean a number of individuals thought of as a group because of a common quality or qualities. type may suggest strong and clearly marked similarity throughout the items included so that each is typical of the group <one of three basic body types>. kind may suggest natural grouping <a zoo seemingly having animals of every kind>. sort often suggests some disparagement <the sort of newspaper dealing in sensational stories>. nature may imply inherent, essential resemblance rather than obvious or superficial likenesses <two problems of a similar nature>. description implies a group marked by agreement in all details belonging to a type as described or defined <not all acts of that description are actually illegal>. character implies a group marked by distinctive likenesses peculiar to the type <research on the subject so far has been of an elementary character>.

2

character

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verb char·ac·ter \ˈker-ik-tər, ˈka-rik-\

Definition of character

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 archaic :  engrave, inscribe

  3. 2 a archaic :  represent, portray b :  characterize



Examples of character in a sentence

  1. <formerly charactered as the dark ages, that period of history may not have been quite so benighted as once thought>



Origin and Etymology of character

(see 1character)


First Known Use: 1591


3

character

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adjective char·ac·ter \ˈker-ik-tər, ˈka-rik-\

Definition of character

  1. 1 :  capable of portraying an unusual or eccentric personality often markedly different from the player <a character actor>

  2. 2 :  requiring or involving the portrayal of an unusual or eccentric personality <a character role>



Origin and Etymology of character

(see 1character)


First Known Use: 1883

Other Performing Arts Terms



CHARACTER Defined for Kids

character

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noun char·ac·ter \ˈker-ək-tər\

Definition of character for Students

  1. 1 :  a mark, sign, or symbol (as a letter or figure) used in writing or printing

  2. 2 :  the group of qualities that make a person, group, or thing different from others <The town has special character.>

  3. 3 :  a distinguishing feature :  characteristic <the plant's bushy character>

  4. 4 :  a person who says or does funny or unusual things <Your friend is quite a character.>

  5. 5 :  a person in a story or play

  6. 6 :  the usually good opinions that most people have about a particular person :  reputation <She made an attack on his character.>

  7. 7 :  moral excellence <She is a person of character known for her honesty.>




Medical Dictionary

character

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noun char·ac·ter \ˈkar-ik-tər\

Medical Definition of character

  1. 1:  one of the attributes or features that make up and distinguish the individual

  2. 2:  the detectable expression of the action of a gene or group of genes

  3. 3:  the complex of mental and ethical traits marking and often individualizing a person, group, or nation





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