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temperament

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noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-p(ə-)rə-mənt, -pər-mənt\

Simple Definition of temperament

  • : the usual attitude, mood, or behavior of a person or animal

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of temperament

  1. 1 obsolete a :  constitution of a substance, body, or organism with respect to the mixture or balance of its elements, qualities, or parts :  makeupb :  complexion 1

  2. 2 obsolete a :  climateb :  temperature 2

  3. 3a :  the peculiar or distinguishing mental or physical character determined by the relative proportions of the humors according to medieval physiologyb :  characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response <a nervous temperament>c :  extremely high sensibility; especially :  excessive sensitiveness or irritability

  4. 4a :  the act or process of tempering or modifying :  adjustment, compromiseb :  middle course :  mean

  5. 5 :  the slight modification of acoustically pure intervals in tuning a musical instrument; especially :  modification that produces a set of 12 equally spaced tones to the octave

Examples of temperament in a sentence

  1. The two women were opposite in temperament.

  2. <looking for a dog with a sweet temperament>



Origin and Etymology of temperament

Middle English, from Latin temperamentum, from temperare to mix, temper


First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of temperament

disposition, temperament, temper, character, personality mean the dominant quality or qualities distinguishing a person or group. disposition implies customary moods and attitude toward the life around one <a cheerful disposition>. temperament implies a pattern of innate characteristics associated with one's specific physical and nervous organization <an artistic temperament>. temper implies the qualities acquired through experience that determine how a person or group meets difficulties or handles situations <a resilient temper>. character applies to the aggregate of moral qualities by which a person is judged apart from intelligence, competence, or special talents <strength of character>. personality applies to an aggregate of qualities that distinguish one as a person <a somber personality>.

TEMPERAMENT Defined for Kids

temperament

play
noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-pə-rə-mənt, -prə-mənt\

Definition of temperament for Students

  1. :  a person's attitude as it affects what he or she says or does <“Size has nothing to do with it. It's temperament and ability that count.” — E. B. White, Stuart Little>




Medical Dictionary

temperament

play
noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-p(ə-)rə-mənt, -pər-mənt\

Medical Definition of temperament

  1. 1:  the peculiar or distinguishing mental or physical character determined by the relative proportions of the humors according to medieval physiology

  2. 2:  characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response <a nervous temperament>





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