Dictionary

temperament

noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-p(ə-)rə-mənt, -pər-mənt\

: the usual attitude, mood, or behavior of a person or animal

Full Definition of TEMPERAMENT

1
obsolete
a :  constitution of a substance, body, or organism with respect to the mixture or balance of its elements, qualities, or parts :  makeup
b :  complexion 1
2
obsolete
a :  climate
b :  temperature 2
3
a :  the peculiar or distinguishing mental or physical character determined by the relative proportions of the humors according to medieval physiology
b :  characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response <a nervous temperament>
c :  extremely high sensibility; especially :  excessive sensitiveness or irritability
4
a :  the act or process of tempering or modifying :  adjustment, compromise
b :  middle course :  mean
5
:  the slight modification of acoustically pure intervals in tuning a musical instrument; especially :  modification that produces a set of 12 equally spaced tones to the octave
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Examples of TEMPERAMENT

  1. The two women were opposite in temperament.
  2. <looking for a dog with a sweet temperament>

Origin of TEMPERAMENT

Middle English, from Latin temperamentum, from temperare to mix, temper
First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of TEMPERAMENT

disposition, temperament, temper, character, personality mean the dominant quality or qualities distinguishing a person or group. disposition implies customary moods and attitude toward the life around one <a cheerful disposition>. temperament implies a pattern of innate characteristics associated with one's specific physical and nervous organization <an artistic temperament>. temper implies the qualities acquired through experience that determine how a person or group meets difficulties or handles situations <a resilient temper>. character applies to the aggregate of moral qualities by which a person is judged apart from intelligence, competence, or special talents <strength of character>. personality applies to an aggregate of qualities that distinguish one as a person <a somber personality>.

Other Psychology Terms

fetish, hypochondria, intelligence, mania, narcissism, neurosis, pathological, psychosis, schadenfreude, subliminal
TEMPERAMENT Defined for Kids

temperament

noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-pə-rə-mənt, -prə-mənt\

Definition of TEMPERAMENT for Kids

:  a person's attitude as it affects what he or she says or does <“Size has nothing to do with it. It's temperament and ability that count.” — E. B. White, Stuart Little>
Medical Dictionary

temperament

noun tem·per·a·ment \ˈtem-p(ə-)rə-mənt, -pər-mənt\

Medical Definition of TEMPERAMENT

1
:  the peculiar or distinguishing mental or physical character determined by the relative proportions of the humors according to medieval physiology
2
:  characteristic or habitual inclination or mode of emotional response <a nervous temperament>

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