vi·​cin·​i·​ty | \ və-ˈsi-nə-tē How to pronounce vicinity (audio) \
plural vicinities

Definition of vicinity

1 : a surrounding area or district : neighborhood
3 : the quality or state of being near : proximity

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Did You Know?

Vicinity has its origins in the idea of neighborliness - it was borrowed into English in the 16th century from Middle French vicinité, which in turn derives from the Latin adjective vicinus, meaning "neighboring." "Vicinus" itself can be traced back to the noun vicus, meaning "row of houses or "village," and ultimately all the way back to the same ancient word that gave Gothic, Old Church Slavic, and Greek words for "house." Other descendants of "vicinus" in English include "vicinal" ("local" or "of, relating to, or substituted in adjacent sites in a molecule") and "vicinage," a synonym of "vicinity" in the sense of "a neighboring or surrounding district."

Examples of vicinity in a Sentence

there are no hotels in the vicinity of the hospital the vicinity of the town's only elementary school was one reason why the young couple bought the house

Recent Examples on the Web

Thirty-one juveniles were arrested for disorderly conduct related charges and five adults were arrested, including two relating to guns, in the vicinity of Navy Pier when the incident occurred, Waller said. NBC News, "Warning about possible shooter sparked Navy Pier stampede, Chicago police say," 6 July 2019 But, of course, Horan faced criticism for cheering too loudly while walking through the stadium tunnel in the vicinity of an English player after the emotional victory that sent the USA to the championship game. Mark Kiszla, The Denver Post, "Kiszla: Why do old-fogy guys have problem with Colorado’s Lindsey Horan and the USWNT kicking butt at the World Cup?," 6 July 2019 The public events sponsored by the nonprofit Friends of the Los Angeles River aim to introduce participants to the rhythms of bat life in the vicinity of their own backyards. Louis Sahagun,, "A deadly fungus is killing millions of bats in the U.S. Now it’s in California," 5 July 2019 Parking will be prohibited along both sides of Belair Road in the vicinity of Gunpowder Falls State Park beginning Wednesday because of safety concerns, State Highway Administration officials said Tuesday. Cody Boteler,, "Parking restrictions on Belair Road near Gunpowder Falls State Park begin Wednesday," 2 July 2019 The incident was reported at approximately 3:45 p.m. Friday when Brockton police received multiple 911 calls reporting a stabbing in the vicinity of 276 Belmont St. and the intersection of Grafton Street. Emily Sweeney,, "Fall River woman charged in Brockton road rage killing held without bail," 1 July 2019 Washington also suspects Tehran’s allies in Iraq for a rocket that landed in the vicinity of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad’s Green Zone last month. Dion Nissenbaum, WSJ, "U.S.: Saudi Pipeline Attacks Originated From Iraq," 28 June 2019 There are some hockey-equipped buildings in the vicinity of those schools, but not places where hockey is likely to succeed. Jess Myers, Twin Cities, "Iowa, Nebraska are possibilities for Big Ten hockey," 27 June 2019 The Duchess is expected to give birth any day now and the Lido Wing is already starting to prepare by suspending parking outside of the vicinity and putting up barriers. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "Prince William May Have Just Accidentally Revealed the Royal Baby's Gender," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'vicinity.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of vicinity

1560, in the meaning defined at sense 3

History and Etymology for vicinity

Middle French vicinité, from Latin vicinitat-, vicinitas, from vicinus neighboring, from vicus row of houses, village; akin to Goth weihs village, Old Church Slavonic vĭsĭ, Greek oikos, oikia house

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Statistics for vicinity

Last Updated

10 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for vicinity

The first known use of vicinity was in 1560

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More Definitions for vicinity



English Language Learners Definition of vicinity

: the area around or near a particular place


vi·​cin·​i·​ty | \ və-ˈsi-nə-tē How to pronounce vicinity (audio) \
plural vicinities

Kids Definition of vicinity

1 : a surrounding area : neighborhood There is a school in the vicinity.
2 : the state of being close It cost in the vicinity of 500 dollars.

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More from Merriam-Webster on vicinity

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with vicinity

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for vicinity

Spanish Central: Translation of vicinity

Nglish: Translation of vicinity for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of vicinity for Arabic Speakers

Comments on vicinity

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something desired as essential

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