vertical

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adjective ver·ti·cal \ ˈvər-ti-kəl \

Definition of vertical

1 a :perpendicular to the plane of the horizon or to a primary axis :upright
b (1) :located at right angles to the plane of a supporting surface
(2) :lying in the direction of an axis :lengthwise
2 a :situated at the highest point :directly overhead or in the zenith
b of an aerial photograph :taken with the camera pointing straight down or nearly so
3 a :relating to, involving, or integrating economic activity from basic production to point of sale
  • a vertical monopoly
b :of, relating to, or comprising persons of different status
  • the vertical arrangement of society

vertical

noun

verticality

play \ˌvər-tə-ˈka-lə-tē\ noun

vertically

play \ˈvər-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

verticalness

play \ˈvər-ti-kəl-nəs\ noun

Examples of vertical in a Sentence

  1. a shirt with vertical stripes

  2. the vertical axis of a graph

Recent Examples of vertical from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'vertical.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of vertical

Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French, from Late Latin verticalis, from Latin vertic-, vertex

Synonym Discussion of vertical

vertical, perpendicular, plumb mean being at right angles to a base line. vertical suggests a line or direction rising straight upward toward a zenith.
    • the side of the cliff is almost vertical
perpendicular may stress the straightness of a line making a right angle with any other line, not necessarily a horizontal one.
    • the parallel bars are perpendicular to the support posts
plumb stresses an exact verticality determined (as with a plumb line) by earth's gravity.
    • make sure that the wall is plumb

VERTICAL Defined for English Language Learners

vertical

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adjective

Definition of vertical for English Language Learners

  • : positioned up and down rather than from side to side : going straight up

  • : having a structure in which there are top, middle, and bottom levels


VERTICAL Defined for Kids

1

vertical

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adjective ver·ti·cal \ ˈvər-ti-kəl \

Definition of vertical for Students

:rising straight up and down from a level surface

vertically

adverb

2

vertical

noun

Definition of vertical for Students

:something (as a line or plane) that rises straight up and down

Medical Dictionary

vertical

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adjective ver·ti·cal \ ˈvərt-i-kəl \

medical Definition of vertical

:relating to or being transmission (as of a disease) by genetic inheritance or by a congenital or perinatal route
  • vertical transmission of the hepatitis B virus from mother to infant
  • vertical inheritance
— compare horizontal 2

vertically

play \ˈvərt-i-k(ə-)lē\ adverb


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