verbatim

adverb
ver·ba·tim | \(ˌ)vər-ˈbā-təm \

Definition of verbatim 

(Entry 1 of 2)

: in the exact words : word for word quoted the speech verbatim

verbatim

adjective
ver·ba·tim | \(ˌ)vər-ˈbā-təm \

Definition of verbatim (Entry 2 of 2)

: being in or following the exact words : word-for-word a verbatim report of the meeting

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Synonyms & Antonyms for verbatim

Synonyms: Adverb

directly, exactly, word for word

Antonyms: Adverb

inexactly

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Get Wordy With Verbatim

Adverb

Latin has a phrase for "exactly as written": verbatim ac litteratim, which literally means "word for word and letter for letter." Like the verbatim in that Latin phrase, the English verbatim means "word for word." As you may have noticed, there's a verb in verbatim—and that's no mere coincidence. Both verb and verbatim are derived from the Latin word for "word," which is verbum. Other common English words that share this root include adverb, proverb, and verbose. Even the word word itself is related. Verbatim can also be an adjective meaning "being in or following the exact words" (as in "a verbatim report") and a rarer noun referring to an account, translation, or report that follows the original word for word.

Examples of verbatim in a Sentence

Adverb

The New York Times reported that recent posts lambasting legislation against Wal-Mart came verbatim from the retailer's p.r. firm. — Sally B. Donnelly et al., Time, 20 Mar. 2006 Some passages in the book are taken verbatim from the blog … Publishers Weekly, 13 June 2005 Around his eleventh year he compiled a sort of commonplace book in which he transcribed passages from his reading.  … But these entries aren't rendered verbatim: [Arthur] Rimbaud expands and contracts his sources, plays with lines, exhibiting a very early, very organic sort of literary criticism. — Wyatt Mason, Harper's, October 2002 "My own anxieties about mortality are tempered just slightly," says [Ken] Burns (quoting, almost verbatim, his introduction to "Jazz's" companion coffee-table book), "by the notion that if we continue to try hard, we'll have a chance to hear Louis blow Gabriel out of the clouds." — David Gates, Newsweek, 8 Jan. 2001 you can't just copy the encyclopedia article verbatim for your report—that's plagiarism

Adjective

Was Coleridge's "Table Talk," as recorded by his circle, his words or theirs—or a conflation of both? And what about Boswell, the most celebrated auditor of them all, who composed a masterpiece of English literature out of the supposedly verbatim speech of Samuel Johnson? Did Johnson begin his every declaration with an orotund "Sir?" — James Atlas, New York Times Magazine, 23 June 1991 Some readers may unfortunately be made mistrustful of the authors' findings by their attempts to enliven the book with unverifiable—if inconsequential—details about the settings of events and by occasionally presenting unrecorded conversations of four decades ago in the form of verbatim quotations. — Henry Ashby Turner, New York Times Book Review, 22 June 1986

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

The girls were accustomed to copying lessons verbatim from the blackboard. Drew Hinshaw, WSJ, "Freedom for the World’s Most Famous Hostages Came at a Heavy Price," 24 Dec. 2017 Mr. Trump announced Mr. Spicer’s departure and Mr. Scaramucci’s arrival in statements that Ms. Sanders read verbatim from the podium. Julie Hirschfeld Davis And Michael D. Shear, New York Times, "The Latest Voice at the Lectern: An Effusive New Yorker," 21 July 2017

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Before pronouncing sentence, Pouros took seven minutes to read the victim's direct testimony back verbatim. Bruce Vielmetti, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Former Slinger High School band director gets 5 years in prison for student sex assault," 8 June 2018 The point is not to polish and make what was originally spoken read as if it were written, but rather to make the verbatim transcripts of what was actually said readable in the first place. Adam Fisher, WIRED, "Sex, Beer, and Coding: Inside Facebook’s Wild Early Days," 10 July 2018 In his previous job as attorney general of Oklahoma, Pruitt had sued the EPA 14 times and was a very close friend of the state’s oil and gas industries, sometimes repeating their talking points verbatim. Umair Irfan, Vox, "Scott Pruitt is leaving behind a toxic mess at the EPA," 6 July 2018 The video is a verbatim reenactment of the arrest except that Rome cast a white actress as Bland and a black actor as Encinia. Ariel Parrella-aureli, Chicago Reader, "365 Ways to Kill an American offers a new perspective on police brutality," 12 July 2018 The reason: as an indigent plaintiff, Jameson could not afford to hire a certified court reporter — the people who sit at small machines in front of the judge and tap out a verbatim account of the proceedings. Greg Moran, sandiegouniontribune.com, "State high court strikes down rule requiring poor to pay for own court reporter in civil courts," 6 July 2018 Some states have adopted ALEC model education legislation verbatim. Valerie Strauss, Washington Post, "What and who is fueling the movement to privatize public education — and why you should care," 30 May 2018 Kautzman also argued that Roach never learned specific testimony during the review board, either because the board’s chair didn’t repeat it verbatim or because Roach didn’t read through a transcript that was prepared later. Ryan Martin, Indianapolis Star, "Officer in Bailey shooting says waiting to be attacked is 'extremely dangerous'," 9 May 2018 Throughout the documentary, viewers get to see and hear (at times directly from Chu) verbatim tweets sent his way from Jeopardy haters or plain ol’ trolls. Nathan Mattise, Ars Technica, "Who Is Arthur Chu?: When Jeopardy ended, the real puzzles of online life began," 20 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'verbatim.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of verbatim

Adverb

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

1613, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for verbatim

Adverb

borrowed from Medieval Latin verbātim, from Latin verbum "word, verb entry 1" + -ātim (as in nōminātim "by name, expressly," formed from -ātus, past participle suffix and -im, adverbial suffix)

Adjective

adjective derivative of verbatim entry 1

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Time Traveler for verbatim

The first known use of verbatim was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for verbatim

verbatim

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of verbatim

: in exactly the same words

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