valence

noun
va·​lence | \ ˈvā-lən(t)s How to pronounce valence (audio) \

Definition of valence

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the degree of combining power of an element as shown by the number of atomic weights of a monovalent element (such as hydrogen) with which the atomic weight of the element will combine or for which it can be substituted or with which it can be compared
2a : relative capacity to unite, react, or interact (as with antigens or a biological substrate)
b [in part from valence in chemistry, in part borrowed from Late Latin valentia "power, capacity," noun derivative of Latin valent-, valens, present participle of valēre "to have strength, be well" — more at wield] : the degree of attractiveness an individual, activity, or thing possesses as a behavioral goal the relative potency of the valences of success and failure— Leon Festinger

Valence

geographical name
Va·​lence | \ va-ˈläⁿs How to pronounce Valence (audio) \

Definition of Valence (Entry 2 of 2)

commune in southeastern France south of Lyon population 63,405

Examples of valence in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun What’s the moral valence of ‘utter’ change to names like Pearse, Connolly, MacDonagh, and MacBride? Matthew Carey Salyer, Forbes, 20 May 2021 But their show will remind you that tenderness itself has a double valence: love, yes, but also pain. Megan Garber, The Atlantic, 14 Apr. 2021 Obviously, exercise and aesthetics have a particular valence among gay men. E. Alex Jung, Vulture, 12 May 2021 Still, our method reveals the ability for marketers and academics to go beyond star ratings and beyond the valence of language. Derek Rucker, Forbes, 20 Apr. 2021 Is there a certain political valence to vaccine hesitancy in India, the way that there is in America? Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, 20 Apr. 2021 But the case titles themselves underscore the partisan valence of this dispute. Matt Ford, The New Republic, 3 Mar. 2021 When a proton hits either target, one of its valence quarks sometimes annihilates with one of the antiquarks in the target proton or neutron. Quanta Magazine, 24 Feb. 2021 And while that scene cannot escape the valence brought to it by the two decades that succeeded the film, it can still be read as a strategic undermining of the machinery of the government’s media monopoly — the target is a transmitter. Yasmina Price, Vulture, 3 Feb. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'valence.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of valence

Noun

1884, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for valence

Noun

borrowed from German Valenz, short for Quantivalenz "(chemical) valence," borrowed from English quantivalence, from Latin quantus "how much" + -i- -i- + English -valence, noun derivative from -valent, in univalent entry 1, bivalent entry 1, etc., on the model of equivalent, equivalence — more at quantity

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Time Traveler for valence

Time Traveler

The first known use of valence was in 1884

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Statistics for valence

Last Updated

17 Jun 2021

Cite this Entry

“Valence.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/valence. Accessed 21 Jun. 2021.

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More Definitions for valence

valence

noun

English Language Learners Definition of valence

chemistry : the amount of power of an atom which is determined by the number of electrons the atom will lose, gain, or share when it forms compounds

valence

noun
va·​lence | \ ˈvā-lən(t)s How to pronounce valence (audio) \

Medical Definition of valence

1a : the degree of combining power of an element or radical as shown by the number of atomic weights of a monovalent element (as hydrogen) with which the atomic weight of the element or the partial molecular weight of the radical will combine or for which it can be substituted or with which it can be compared
b : a unit of valence the four valences of carbon
2a : relative capacity to unite, react, or interact (as with antigens or a biological substrate)
b : the degree of attractiveness an individual, activity, or object possesses as a behavioral goal the relative potency of the valences of success and failure— Leon Festinger

More from Merriam-Webster on valence

Nglish: Translation of valence for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of valence for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about valence

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