synthetic

adjective
syn·​thet·​ic | \ sin-ˈthe-tik How to pronounce synthetic (audio) \

Definition of synthetic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : relating to or involving synthesis : not analytic the synthetic aspects of a philosophy
2 : attributing to a subject something determined by observation rather than analysis of the nature of the subject and not resulting in self-contradiction if negated — compare analytic
3 : characterized by frequent and systematic use of inflected forms to express grammatical relationships synthetic languages
4a(1) : of, relating to, or produced by chemical or biochemical synthesis especially : produced artificially synthetic drugs synthetic silk
(2) : of or relating to a synfuel
b : devised, arranged, or fabricated for special situations to imitate or replace usual realities

synthetic

noun

Definition of synthetic (Entry 2 of 2)

: something resulting from synthesis rather than occurring naturally especially : a product (such as a drug or plastic) of chemical synthesis

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Other Words from synthetic

Adjective

synthetically \ sin-​ˈthe-​ti-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce synthetically (audio) \ adverb

Synonyms & Antonyms for synthetic

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of synthetic in a Sentence

Adjective that organic farm doesn't use any pesticides or synthetic fertilizers boots of waterproof synthetic leather Noun The drug is a synthetic.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective His plan was to extract a synthetic version of the malaria drug quinine from a sludgy byproduct of gas lighting known as coal tar. Nancy Macdonell, WSJ, "Purple’s Past Is Richer Than You Think," 31 Dec. 2019 Teams have replaced the DNA in each of the 16 chromosomes of S. cerevisiae piecemeal with synthetic versions. Davide Castelvecchi, Scientific American, "Watch Out for These Science Events in 2020," 30 Dec. 2019 NSWC Panama City’s goal is to develop a nonlethal way to stop ships using a synthetic version of the slime secreted by hagfish or spider silk. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "Why the Navy Is Turning to the Humble Hagfish to Stop Hostile Boats," 18 Dec. 2019 The chemical is a synthetic version of vitamin E used to thicken or dilute THC vaping liquids. Dana Ferguson, Twin Cities, "Minnesota health officials solidify possible link to culprit in vaping-related lung injuries," 26 Nov. 2019 Meanwhile, products containing vitamins A or D—including their synthetic versions and derivatives—can also reduce the symptoms of a flare-up thanks to their anti-inflammatory effects, Dr. Stein says. Sara Coughlin, SELF, "9 Tips for Managing a Psoriasis Flare-Up That Dermatologists Swear By," 5 Nov. 2019 Banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, synthetic versions of the testosterone hormone have for years been used to enhance athletic performance. Kate Gibson, CBS News, "Alberto Salazar updated Nike CEO on trials with banned drugs, anti-doping agency says," 1 Oct. 2019 The two new treatments are synthetic versions grown under laboratory conditions. New York Times, "A Cure for Ebola? Two New Treatments Prove Highly Effective in Congo," 12 Aug. 2019 According to Ecopel, producing the material requires 30% less energy and produces 63% less greenhouse gas than conventional synthetic materials. Kristin Larson, Fortune, "Consumers Are Turning Away From Real Fur, but Faux Fur Is Not a Perfect Fashion Fix," 30 Dec. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Tanguay suspected the trio could have unwittingly taken fentanyl, the powerful synthetic opioid that has ravaged the United States in recent years. Joshua Berlinger, CNN, "Synthetic opioids like fentanyl ravaged the US during the last decade. They may do even more damage to Asia in the next," 29 Dec. 2019 When Mount Carmel, one of the largest hospital systems in central Ohio, hired Husel in 2013, hospital doctors were commonly ordering a synthetic opioid known as fentanyl to relieve acute pain. NBC News, "Nurses defend Ohio doctor accused of murdering 25 patients in lawsuit against hospital," 19 Dec. 2019 Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that can be up to 50 times as potent as heroin. Nadia Kounang, CNN, "There are fewer suicides related to opioids than previously believed, research says," 17 Dec. 2019 Sometimes, law enforcement experts said, dealers spike cocaine with the inexpensive synthetic opioid to hook people. Laura Ungar, Cincinnati.com, "Cincinnati and Ohio at epicenter of spiking fatal ODs from fentanyl-laced cocaine," 26 Nov. 2019 Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, is often found to be 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine and more powerful than heroin. Kieran Nicholson, The Denver Post, "Denver men charged in case involving 2-pound brick of fentanyl," 15 Nov. 2019 Of those, 760 were related to fentanyl, a synthetic opioid procured seemingly easily in the streets. Sujata Srinivasan, courant.com, "Opioid backlash leaves some to struggle with chronic pain as physicians write fewer prescriptions," 13 Nov. 2019 As part of a crackdown on the importation of synthetic opioids to the U.S from China, nine people were convicted in China on charges of trafficking fentanyl as part of a joint effort by Chinese and American law enforcement agencies. Sanya Mansoor, Time, "Why China's Conviction of 9 Fentanyl Traffickers Is Unlikely to Stop Exports to the U.S.," 11 Nov. 2019 The program found many Redditors who were trying to quit heroin and fentanyl, a potent synthetic opioid, were using other drugs to do it. Doug Johnson, Quartz, "Researchers are turning to Reddit drug forums to tackle the opioid crisis," 3 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'synthetic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of synthetic

Adjective

1697, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1916, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for synthetic

Adjective

Greek synthetikos of composition, component, from syntithenai to put together

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Time Traveler for synthetic

Time Traveler

The first known use of synthetic was in 1697

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Statistics for synthetic

Last Updated

19 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Synthetic.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/synthetics. Accessed 26 January 2020.

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More Definitions for synthetic

synthetic

adjective
How to pronounce synthetic (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of synthetic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: made by combining different substances : not natural

synthetic

noun

English Language Learners Definition of synthetic (Entry 2 of 2)

: something made by combining different artificial substances

synthetic

adjective
syn·​thet·​ic | \ sin-ˈthe-tik How to pronounce synthetic (audio) \

Kids Definition of synthetic

: produced artificially especially by chemical means : produced by human beings synthetic diamonds

synthetic

adjective
syn·​thet·​ic | \ sin-ˈthet-ik How to pronounce synthetic (audio) \

Medical Definition of synthetic

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: of, relating to, or produced by chemical or biochemical synthesis especially : produced artificially synthetic drugs synthetic dyes

Other Words from synthetic

synthetically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce synthetically (audio) \ adverb

synthetic

noun

Medical Definition of synthetic (Entry 2 of 2)

: a product (as a drug) of chemical synthesis

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