synthesis

noun
syn·​the·​sis | \ ˈsin(t)-thə-səs How to pronounce synthesis (audio) \
plural syntheses\ ˈsin(t)-​thə-​ˌsēz How to pronounce synthesis (audio) \

Definition of synthesis

1a : the composition or combination of parts or elements so as to form a whole
b : the production of a substance by the union of chemical elements, groups, or simpler compounds or by the degradation of a complex compound
c : the combining of often diverse conceptions into a coherent whole also : the complex so formed
2a : deductive reasoning
b : the dialectic combination of thesis and antithesis into a higher stage of truth
3 : the frequent and systematic use of inflected forms as a characteristic device of a language

Other Words from synthesis

synthesist \ ˈsin(t)-​thə-​sist How to pronounce synthesis (audio) \ noun

Examples of synthesis in a Sentence

a philosophy that is a kind of synthesis of several schools of Western and Eastern thought
Recent Examples on the Web It’s not totally true that no one was funding companies in DNA synthesis or synthetic biology tools, though. BostonGlobe.com, 21 June 2021 By attaching to matching strands of messenger RNA, which is involved in protein synthesis, miRNA can effectively turn mRNA off and on, and alter what proteins are made. Tien Nguyen, Scientific American, 17 June 2020 The water of the downward-running stream feeds the roots of the upward-growing tree; opposites (thesis and antithesis) attract (because their union leads to a synthesis), etc. Lucy Jakub, The New York Review of Books, 4 Dec. 2021 For instance, the European AI4People framework offers a synthesis of six other ethical frameworks. Benjamin Rosman, Quartz, 25 Nov. 2021 The chemical reactions needed to fuel the synthesis of these lipids would give off energy in the form of heat. Quanta Magazine, 23 Nov. 2021 Even a brief summary of the ruling is hard to provide; the court’s own synthesis of its conclusions is five pages long. Matt Ford, The New Republic, 6 Oct. 2021 Recent data suggests one of the reasons children have a lower instance of disease is because their innate immune system is more active, in large part due to early and robust interferon synthesis that induces broad viral protection. William A. Haseltine, Forbes, 20 Sep. 2021 Now companies and scientists look toward a post-Covid future when gene synthesis will be deployed to tackle a variety of other problems. New York Times, 24 Nov. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'synthesis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of synthesis

1589, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for synthesis

Greek, from syntithenai to put together, from syn- + tithenai to put, place — more at do

Buying Guide

Our team at The Usage has selected the best shaker bottles.

Learn More About synthesis

Time Traveler for synthesis

Time Traveler

The first known use of synthesis was in 1589

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near synthesis

synthermal

synthesis

synthesis gas

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for synthesis

Last Updated

13 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Synthesis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/synthesis. Accessed 22 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for synthesis

synthesis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of synthesis

: something that is made by combining different things (such as ideas, styles, etc.)
: the production of a substance by combining simpler substances through a chemical process
: the production of sounds or speech by using electronic equipment

synthesis

noun
syn·​the·​sis | \ ˈsin(t)-thə-səs How to pronounce synthesis (audio) \
plural syntheses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce synthesis (audio) \

Medical Definition of synthesis

1 : the composition or combination of parts or elements so as to form a whole
2 : the production of a substance by the union of chemical elements, groups, or simpler compounds or by the degradation of a complex compound protein synthesis

More from Merriam-Webster on synthesis

Nglish: Translation of synthesis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of synthesis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about synthesis

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Difficult Spelling Words Quiz

  • alphabet pasta spelling help
  • Which is the correct spelling?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!