synecdochism

noun
syn·ec·do·chism | \sə̇ˈnekdəˌkizəm\
plural -s

Definition of synecdochism 

1 : the use of synecdoche : an instance of such use

2 : the use in sympathetic magic of a part of an object as representing the whole — compare magic sense 1a

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First Known Use of synecdochism

1854, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for synecdochism

synecdoche + -ism

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The first known use of synecdochism was in 1854

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