Definition of synecdoche
: a figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole (such as fifty sail for fifty ships), the whole for a part (such as society for high society), the species for the genus (such as cutthroat for assassin), the genus for the species (such as a creature for a man), or the name of the material for the thing made (such as boards for stage)
synecdochicplay \ˌsi-ˌnek-ˈdä-kik\ adjective
synecdochicalplay \-ˈdä-ki-kəl\ adjective
synecdochicallyplay \-ki-k(ə-)lē\ adverb
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Did You Know?
Synecdoche, from Greek syn- ("together") and "ekdochē" ("interpretation"), is a good word to know if you are a budding author. Writers, and especially poets, use synecdoche in several different ways to create vivid imagery. Most frequently, synecdoche involves substituting a part for the whole ("fifty sail" for "fifty ships"). Less commonly, it involves putting the whole for the part ("society" for "high society"), the species for the genus ("cutthroat" for "assassin"), the genus for the species ("a creature" for "a man"), or the material for the thing made ("boards" for "stage"). Synecdoche is similar to metonymy, the use of the name of one thing in place of something associated with it (such as "Shakespeare" for "the works of Shakespeare").
Learn More about synecdoche
Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about synecdoche
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