noun, often capitalized
bol·​she·​vism | \ ˈbōl-shə-ˌvi-zəm How to pronounce bolshevism (audio) , ˈbȯl-, ˈbäl- \

Definition of bolshevism

1 : the doctrine or program of the Bolsheviks advocating violent overthrow of capitalism
2 : Russian communism

Examples of bolshevism in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Fear of bolshevism blended with a long-standing hostility toward certain classes of immigrants. Adam Hochschild, The New Yorker, "When America Tried to Deport Its Radicals," 4 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bolshevism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of bolshevism

1911, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of bolshevism was in 1911

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Cite this Entry

“Bolshevism.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Aug. 2020.

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More from Merriam-Webster on bolshevism

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bolshevism

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bolshevism

Britannica English: Translation of bolshevism for Arabic Speakers

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