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supernumerary

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adjective su·per·nu·mer·ary \ˌsü-pər-ˈnü-mə-ˌrer-ē, -ˈnyü-, -mə-rē; -ˈn(y)üm-rē\

Definition of supernumerary

  1. 1a :  exceeding the usual, stated, or prescribed number <a supernumerary tooth>b :  not enumerated among the regular components of a group and especially of a military organization

  2. 2 :  exceeding what is necessary, required, or desired

  3. 3 :  more numerous

Examples of supernumerary in a sentence

  1. <a third, supernumerary witness to the signing of the will>

Did You Know?

Supernumerary starts off with the Latin prefix super-, "above". You may have heard of someone being born with supernumerary teeth, supernumerary fingers, or supernumerary toes. A supernumerary rainbow may show up as a faint line—red, green, or purple—just touching the main colored arc. Supernumerary is also a noun: A supernumerary is usually someone in a crowd scene onstage, otherwise known as an "extra" or a "spear-carrier".

Origin and Etymology of supernumerary

Late Latin supernumerarius, from Latin super- + numerus number


First Known Use: 1605

Other Military Terms


2

supernumerary

noun su·per·nu·mer·ary

Definition of supernumerary

plural

supernumeraries

  1. 1 :  a supernumerary person or thing

  2. 2 :  an actor employed to play a walk-on

1639

First Known Use of supernumerary

1639

Other Performing Arts Terms


Medical Dictionary

supernumerary

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adjective su·per·nu·mer·ary \ˌsü-pər-ˈn(y)ü-mə-ˌrer-ē, -ˈn(y)üm-(ə-)rē\

Medical Definition of supernumerary

  1. :  exceeding the usual or normal number <supernumerary teeth> <a supernumerary rib>


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