sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəm(p)(t)-shə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) , -shəs, -shwəs\

Definition of sumptuous

: extremely costly, rich, luxurious, or magnificent sumptuous banquets a sumptuous residence also : magnificent sense 4

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Other Words from sumptuous

sumptuously adverb
sumptuousness noun

Did You Know?

The word sumptuous can be used to describe both lush surroundings and rich desserts, and it has an equally rich history. The word, which appeared in English in the 15th century, derives via Middle English from the Latin noun sumptus, meaning "expense." "Sumptus" is related to the Latin verb sumere, which means "take" or "spend" and from which we get a treasure trove of useful verbs: "consume" ("to use up or spend"), "subsume" ("to include or place in something larger"), "resume" ("to take up again"), and "assume" ("to take upon oneself"). Another "sumere" descendant is our adjective "sumptuary," which means "relating to one's extravagant expenditures."

Examples of sumptuous in a Sentence

the cruise ship claims to offer sumptuous furnishings, exquisitely prepared cuisine, and stellar entertainment

Recent Examples on the Web

As Betty on the CW hit, Reinhart is used to drama, but Pierpaolo Piccioli’s sumptuous collection offered a different kind of spectacle. Janelle Okwodu, Vogue, "Inside Riverdale Star Lili Reinhart’s Valentino Adventure at Paris Fashion Week," 4 Mar. 2019 Upon awakening, meander over to our Seth Bird annex for a sumptuous and leisurely breakfast. Hannah Seligson, Town & Country, "The Best Room At... Winvian Farm," 19 Feb. 2019 Its sumptuous blue Art-Deco façade complements the clean, yet comfortable interior design of the rooms. Max Maeckler, Vogue, "Going to the Oscars? The Best L.A. Hotels for Every Hollywood Type," 22 Feb. 2019 The hotel has 313 rooms, including 11 sumptuous palace suites, plus an opulent pool overlooking the Bosphorus Strait. Ashlea Halpern, Condé Nast Traveler, "Three Days In Istanbul," 28 Dec. 2018 Everything here was always impeccably choreographed: sumptuous, sometimes simple, always colorful, but never glitzy. Marian Mcevoy, ELLE Decor, "An Intimate Look Inside Yves Saint Laurent’s Private Marrakech Home," 2 Aug. 2018 Costume designer Michele Clapton, of Game of Thrones fame, filled the world of Queen Elizabeth II, her family and contemporaries with sumptuous party dresses in rich, colorful fabrics, copious jewels and, for the men, crisp tailored suits. Julie Kosin, Harper's BAZAAR, "The Costumes on 'The Crown' Look More Expensive Than the Show's Entire Rumored Budget," 9 Dec. 2016 Taking to the runway in a sumptuous and strapless pink and white gown, the model's sparkly veil was elevated in the air thanks to a plethora of transparent balloons filled with what looked like pink polka dot confetti. Amy Mackelden, Harper's BAZAAR, "Behold! The Most Extra Wedding Gown with Added Helium Balloons Just Took the Runway," 26 Jan. 2019 Jutting out over the lake’s shore and connecting to land via steel piles, the 540-square-foot prefab rooms have a sumptuous arched shape that’s reminiscent of a boat’s bow. Jenny Xie, Curbed, "The 7 most impressive prefab homes from 2018," 27 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sumptuous.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sumptuous

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for sumptuous

Middle English, from Latin sumptuosus, from sumptus

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sumptuary law






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20 Mar 2019

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The first known use of sumptuous was in the 15th century

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English Language Learners Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive, rich, or impressive


sump·​tu·​ous | \ ˈsəmp-chə-wəs How to pronounce sumptuous (audio) \

Kids Definition of sumptuous

: very expensive or luxurious a sumptuous meal a sumptuous fabric

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What made you want to look up sumptuous? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to boil down or concentrate

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