Definition of sumptuous
- sumptuous banquets
- a sumptuous residence
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the cruise ship claims to offer sumptuous furnishings, exquisitely prepared cuisine, and stellar entertainment
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The word sumptuous can be used to describe both lush surroundings and rich desserts, and it has an equally rich history. The word, which appeared in English in the 15th century, derives via Middle English from the Latin noun sumptus, meaning "expense." "Sumptus" is related to the Latin verb sumere, which means "take" or "spend" and from which we get a treasure trove of useful verbs: "consume" ("to use up or spend"), "subsume" ("to include or place in something larger"), "resume" ("to take up again"), and "assume" ("to take upon oneself"). Another "sumere" descendant is our adjective "sumptuary," which means "relating to one's extravagant expenditures."
First Known Use: 15th centurySee Words from the same year
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